Chapter 6 focuses on learning- the change in an organism's behavior or though as a result of experience. It breaks it down into 4 groups: Classical conditioning, operant conditioning, cognitive models of learning, and biological influences on learning. Classical conditioning states that virtually all of our knowledge is acquired by conditioning, which is the forming of associations among stimuli. Operant conditioning is learning controlled by the consequences of the organism's behavior (Staddon & Cerutti, 2003). This behavior is usually followed by a reward, for example, if you put a dollar into a vending machine, your reward is a candy bar. This is the belief that things operate in an environment to get what they want. Some models of cognitive learning include latent learning and observational learning. Latent learning isn't directly observable and it is learning based off of what we already know. Observational learning is learning by watching and examining others actions and what they do. We often experience observational learning through parents, teachers and other influential people. What I found very interesting in this chapter is sleep-assisted learning. Many people actually learn while they are sound asleep. There was a group of investigators who gave morse code to sailors while they were asleep. Results showed they learned morse code three weeks faster than sailor who weren't exposed to it.
Learning (Ch. 6)
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