On page 388, the Psychology book touches on different parenting styles and the effects they can have on children. The three classified types are permissive, authoritarian, and authoritative parenting. Permissive parenting involves parents raising their children in a very lenient manner, allowing them a large amount of freedom inside and outside of the home. They provide a lot of affection and rarely use discipline on their children. I chose to learn more about permissive parenting because I wanted to know more about the effects of tons of freedom on children. Although it is very difficult to quantitatively measure the personality traits that form as a result of one parenting method versus another, there are plenty of articles across the internet about the traits of children of permissive parents.
Here is a list of the effects I found across two articles:
• Due to lack of rules, these children tend to rebel against authority figures
• Difficulty adjusting to independent life
• Demandingness and selfishness
• Insecurity due to lack of boundaries
• Less motivation in school
One discrepancy that was found between a few articles was the effects on social development. Some articles said that permissive parenting would develop superior social skills in children, while others said that permissive parenting would lead to anti-social behavior. However, overall it seems likely that permissive parenting is not the best way to raise children, due to lack of rules and structure. Authoritative parenting combines some freedom with some structure, which remedies these problems while still allowing some freedom.