River Talk

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Lots of people know a thing or two about household practices to improve water quality: don't change your car's oil in the driveway; pick up after your pet and dispose of pet waste properly (not tossing down the storm drain), raking lawn clippings and storing for compost.

But what can be done at the neighborhood scale? What can urban designers (and the citizens who ultimately pay them) do to re-make our cities as if our urban rivers really do matter?

Fortunately, the palette of options is growing. Recently, the McKnight Foundation's Environment Program supported the St. Paul Riverfront Corporation in the development of a Water Quality Manual that addressed practices at the scale of site, block, neighborhood, or city. Clear illustrations and accessible descriptions make the possibilities come alive.

I don't know why, but the set of possibilities illustrating what's achievable at the neighborhood level appeal to me the most directly.

Getting the work done, of course, is more challenging, but if you don't know what to ask for, you won't ever achieve it, right?

For more information, download the neighborhoods section of the Water Quality Manual (PDF).

River Life in Four Slides

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Back in January we pulled together a mini-presentation that is becoming our digital elevator speech. It starts to address the question of what we do, why we do it, and how.  We've got some more slides in the works for a more robust exploration of River Life's intricacies, but we just couldn't wait to share this one with you!

Have a look and let us know what you think!

River Life: A Summary in Four Slides (PDF)

Some Stuff is Just Fun

Daniel P. Huffman has created a subway-style map of the Mississippi River system. Interesting concept and worth some playing around with!

On the Upper Mississippi, Prairie du Chien and New Boston are stops on the subway/Mississippi, while in the Delta travelers could transfer at Simmesport or Rosedale. Getting to these places by highway is a lot harder!

You've heard me say often that a healthy river is partly a function of a healthy city. In other words, cities that are struggling to meet the basic needs of their citizens may not always think of how their rivers are part of that solution. The rivers often are part of a broader solution to environmental health, community development, and related matters, but those are topics for another time.

I just wanted to alert everyone that in a couple of weeks, one of the truly outstanding people in recent community environmental activism is coming to Minnesota.  Majora Carter's work in her native South Bronx has been widely profiled as a leading example of innovations in green job development, community development and empowerment, and environmental equity. Go here to learn more, to read linked articles, and to buy tickets.  It should be an extraordinary evening!

On the Shoulders of Giants

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None of us works alone, and none of us is the first person ever to think and act to rejuvenate a riverfront. Those of us fortunate to work on the future of the Mississippi River in Minneapolis truly stand "on the shoulders of giants."

We lost one of those giants last month, when Betsy Doermann, former secretary of the St. Anthony Falls Heritage Board and staff at the Minnesota Historical Society, died at 79.

The Star Tribune notice that appeared yesterday is eloquent in its summation of Betsy's pivotal leadership role in working to turn the Central Riverfront in Minneapolis from an obsolete industrial and transportation landscape, blighted and neglected, to the center of the city, capturing over $2 billion in public and private investment over a 20 year period. It is vital that those of us working today and training the next generation of leaders recognize that about 25-30% of that funding was public money, a "priming the pump" investment that led to a 3:1 return.

Ann Calvert, a City of Minneapolis staff member who worked with Betsy during this transformative period, said it well: "She was smart enough to realize there was important stuff that happened beforehand, and some of the stuff we've done to change the riverfront is its own history," Calvert said. "She was wise enough to see that some of those connections are what make things magical and powerful."

Connections, magic, power: all concepts that speak to the Mississippi River at St. Anthony Falls. I would add one more: imagination. For me, the linchpin project in the revitalization of the riverfront was the opening of the Stone Arch Bridge as a bike-pedestrian route in 1994. This feat of adaptive re-use (to use the historic preservation phrase) allowed private sector investors in the riverfront to imagine how people would be attracted to the recreational amenities that had, until then, been latent possibilities. And it took a tremendous feat of imagination, along with dogged, persistent, political work, to bring the parties together to ensure the transformation of the Stone Arch Bridge was successful. That story is bigger than what can be told here, and when it does appear, Betsy Doermann's name will be central.

It is fitting, I think, that yesterday also marked the announcement that the TLS/KVA team has been chosen to help the city take the next step in its riverfront revitalization. More than any of the other design teams, TLS/KVA studied the Minneapolis riverfront, learned from what has been done in the past, and proposed the next generation of design, planning, and development as a continuation and expansion from those successes.

Many people will say "we don't have the money" or "this isn't the right time," or "let the private sector do it, we have too much government" Many others will, and have, carped about any number of other facets of the next generation of riverfront planning, "why are we planning parks when we need jobs," or "this is just for the rich," or "local guys could have done this." Betsy's example reminds us that an inclusive, shared, common vision, combined withperseverance,is fundamental for a city to grow and prosper.

I don't think anyone needs reminding of the controversial, and complicated, connections between agricultural production and water quality.

The University of Minnesota's College of Biological Sciences and the Freshwater Society, a nonprofit analysis and education group from the Twin Cities region, are co-sponsoring a lecture in two weeks, Thursday, Feb. 24, continuing the discussion of the land use/water quality nexus.http://www.freshwater.org

Full press release follows:

FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE
Feb. 8, 2011

Media Contact:
Patrick Sweeney
Freshwater Society
763-219-1261
psweeney@freshwater.org

"Taking the Pollution out of Agricultural Production"

Soil and water conservation expert Craig A. Cox to speak on agricultural runoff and water quality

Fourth lecture in the Moos Family speaker series sponsored by Freshwater Society and University of Minnesota

Agricultural runoff - fertilizers and manure from cultivated fields and feedlots, and sediment washed away by erosion - pollutes many U.S. lakes and rivers.

Craig A. Cox of the Environmental Working Group will talk about the agricultural pollution problem and strategies for reducing it in a lecture on Thursday, Feb. 24, at the University of Minnesota.

"There are a number of simple and highly effective practices that farmers can use to dramatically cut pollution while sustaining high levels of production," Cox says. "Many farmers are already using these practices, but not nearly enough to clean up our lakes, rivers and streams. Poor public policy and institutional inertia stand in the way of getting the job done."

Cox's lecture will be at 7 p.m. in the theater of the St. Paul Student Center on the University of Minnesota's St. Paul campus. The lecture, supported by an endowment honoring former university president Malcolm Moos, is free and open to the public.

But seating is limited, and registration is required. To register, go to www.freshwater.org

A panel of Minnesota experts on agriculture and water quality will appear with Cox.

Cox has worked on land and water conservation for nearly 30 years for agencies that include the National Academy of Sciences, the U.S. Department of Agriculture's Natural Resources Conservation Service and the Soil and Water Conservation Society. As senior vice president of the Environmental Working Group, he coordinates the organization's research and advocacy on agriculture, renewable energy and climate change.

The lecture will touch on conservation practices that can reduce agricultural runoff and current economic incentives that either encourage or discourage conservation. Cox will address a key public policy question: What anti-pollution costs should landowners and farm operators bear, and what land-use and management changes should be paid for by taxpayers?

The St. Paul Student Center is located at 2017 Buford St., near Cleveland Avenue, on the University of Minnesota's St. Paul campus.

Previous lecturers in the series have been: Robert Glennon, a University of Arizona law professor who has written two books on water sustainability; Hedrick Smith, an Emmy-winning film maker who produced "Poisoned Waters," a Public Broadcasting System "Frontline" documentary; and Louis J. Guillette Jr., an acclaimed wildlife biologist from the Medical University of South Carolina.

About the University of Minnesota College of Biological Sciences

The College of Biological Sciences provides education and conducts research in all areas of biology, from molecules to ecosystems, supporting applications in medicine, renewable energy, ecosystem management, agriculture and biotechnology. For more information about research and degree programs, go to www.cbs.umn.edu/

About the Freshwater Society

The Freshwater Society is a non-profit organization dedicated to educating and inspiring people to value, conserve and protect all water resources. Located in Excelsior, Minn., adjacent to Lake Minnetonka, it has a long history of association with the University of Minnesota. For more information, go to www.freshwater.org.

I will simply forward the announcement as it appeared a short while ago on the Minneapolis Riverfront Design Competition web site:

TLS/KVA Named Winning Design Team!

With their selection as the winning team, TLS/KVA will be awarded a riverfront parks commission and become part of the Minneapolis Park and Recreation Board's Minneapolis Riverfront Initiative, of which the design competition was the first phase. While the team's RiverFIRST proposal contained many specific design schemes, no particular location, project or feature has yet been identified for development. As the design competition concludes, the Park Board and its partners will engage in a four-month transition phase to identify next steps.

This is very good news, indeed!

Congratulations to TLS/KVA, to the Minneapolis Riverfront Design Competition team, and to the city.

A study reported yesterday by the U.S. Geological Survey indicates that the Great Lakes system, the largest system of freshwater in the world, could face local water shortages in coming decades, depending on local water use patterns and the impacts of a changing climate.

The study does not indicate that the whole system is in peril, but rather that local decisions, which are usually driven by social and economic factors, could have severe local impacts.

I thought a particularly interesting note was made at the end of the press release, "The methodology developed for the Great Lakes pilot study will be adapted to future study areas in the Colorado, the Delaware, and the Apalachicola-Chattahoochee-Flint River basins, as a precursor to the the Department of the Interior's WaterSMART initiative."  We know that the Colorado barely reaches the sea, even in the best of times, but the presence of the ACF system (Apalachicola, etc.--don't make me type that all out again!) is the interesting one.  Recent drought in the southeast, coupled with strong population and urban area growth in Atlanta, has led to severe water shortages in the region.  The water shortage caught everyone in the region by surprise, and local and state government bodies have been playing catch up as they try to find a sustainable approach to regional water problems.

We can do better than that, and we should start considering our future water budgets in Minnesota and the Upper Mississippi basin as potentially coming up short in the decades ahead.  Forewarned is forearmed!

Public participation in planning/design projects is a funny thing.  Everyone talks about it; lots of people do something that they think of as "public engagement"; few practitioners really take it seriously; fewer still make public participation central to the project itself.

This isn't the time or venue for a full-blown treatise on public engagement for riverfront projects, but let me say that the Minneapolis Riverfront Design Competition has employed three strategies in particular that are noteworthy:  youth involvement through a design imagination exercise, a "designer ask" survey, and collection of comments regarding the four finalists' proposals.

The last of these--collecting comments online--is perhaps the most common.  As of Monday night 2/7, there were 127 comments and, unlike the simply awful comments on most online news sources, these appear to be thoughtful, considered responses to the issues at hand.  For designers, planners, and people who want to participate more fully in those practices (are you listening, students?) these comments are worth study.  Find them here.

The "designer ask" survey was an interesting process, although I'm still a little fuzzy on the details.  As I understand it, the project managers worked with the four finalists to develop a list of questions the designers would ask the public, given the chance.  At a meeting in early December, about 80 people gathered, heard a briefing on the project, and then split into facilitated groups where the survey was administered in a series of focus group-type discussions.  Speaking from experience, I thought the questions were exactly what the public should have been asked, and that the process as a whole really ought to be a much larger ongoing set of reflections on the importance of the riverfront.  We all ought to be making our voices heard on issues such as:  What is your greatest impediment to getting to the river?  What legacy would you most like to see for your children (or grandchildren?)  This survey is harder to find on the Design Competition web site, but diligent searching will be rewarded.

Everyone always says that "children are our leaders of tomorrow," but then we too often are left with the same old boring youth engagement programs that seem to get a few young people involved and then just kind of peter out.  In the case of the Riverfront Design Competition, there is more hope that young people from the Minneapolis Green Team and Youth Line will be more substantively engaged.  They were invited to draw what the riverfront currently shows them:  why they feel drawn to it or not.  And they also imagined its future, as a place they would want to be a part of as part of "their" city.  Engaging young people, like any other group that is not "normally" part of the process, must be meaningful, substantial, and durable.  The process in this case, as illustrated in slide shows and other materials, is a good start; further involvement will be important as the process continues.

Speaking of which, the next big step in the process of remaking the Minneapolis riverfront with the "Next Generation of Parks" will be Thursday, February 10, when the winner of the four finalists will be announced.  Policy makers and competition managers will work with that team on the next steps of the program:  designing a specific project that will jump start the rejuvenation of the waterfront above St. Anthony Falls.

The Turenscape team, headed by a firm in Beijing, presented the "Resilient River" plan. I will remind you that I am addressing these plans alphabetically by lead team; no slight is intended by discussing this proposal last.

Resilience is a concept particularly apt in discussions of urban rivers. Most urban systems have a degree of resilience, although many could be more so, or could have their resilience in more diverse spheres. Resilience is an important concept in ecological and sustainability thinking; bringing those discussions to bear in planning and design of the urban river is an idea whose time has come.

The Resilient River plan starts from an understanding that the 21st Century is and will continue to be a time of far-reaching change: climate change, the global recession, coming energy shortages, all will challenge the ways we think, live, work, and play. To the Turenscape team, the Resilient River can and must be a focal point of Minneapolis' strategies to address these challenges.

Like the other plans, the Resilient River attends to the river's ecology, and to the designed interactions between the ecological potential of the river and the urbanist fabric of the city. Unlike the others, I think anyway, this plan calls out the concept of Social Equity as a value to be addressed and strengthened through river redevelopment.

This plan's reorientation plan to bring urbanism more strongly to the river consists in part of a scheme to make each crossing a linchpin in a thematic cross-cutting urban corridor: the "education" corridor, the "green tech" corridor, and the like.

"Curate the Vision Through Time" is an interesting principle, with "curate" speaking to the need to steward, protect, yet organize and manage the vision. The discussion of how to implement this plan is quite clear that this is the work of decades, not years.

This closes my summaries of distinctive concepts and approaches brought forth by these design/planning teams. All of them have remarkable visions, and all have specific concepts that are well worth further scrutiny, debate, and planning. Please do take the time to go to the competition web site and join in the community conversation about the future of this central part of the city.

Never before, perhaps, has so much effort and expense been devoted in such a concentrated period of time to such a large part of the city's space. This is a historic process and worth understanding in detail.

I plan to write again early next week on the public participation strategies developed in this competition, because I think they are remarkable and important.

And, of course, I will write about the resolution of this competition, when the results of the jury's deliberation are announced later this month.

Stay tuned!

  The opinions expressed in this blog are those of the author(s) and not necessarily
  of the Institute on the Environment/University of Minnesota.