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Study Guide for "The Justice System"

THE JUSTICE SYSTEM
Study Guide

1. Who initiates the response to crime?

2. List four sources for law enforcement learning about crimes?

3. Describe the elements of each of the following steps in the criminal justice process:
a. entry into the system
b. prosecution and pretrial services
c. adjudication
d sentencing and sanctions
e. corrections

4. Identify the decisions that the following criminal justice officials have to decide. The number in parentheses refers to how many decisions each official has the power to make:
a. Police (4)
b. Prosecutors (4)
c. Judges/magistrates (6)
d. Corrections officials (3)
e. Parole authorities (2)