39-year-old surfer killed by shark attack in California

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Francisco Javier Solorio Jr. was killed Tuesday morning after suring near Surf Beach by a single shark bite through his torso and surfboard, reports the Santa Maria Times.

A friend of the victim had witnessed the attack, and swam to Solorio Jr. to preform CPR reported BBC news. A third surfer called 9-1-1.

The Vanderberg Air Force Base Fire Department was first to respond, and reported Solorio dead at the scene.

Vandenberg officals have reported that the beach is to be closed for 72 hours for precautionary measures, reported the Santa Maria Times.

Six Italian seismologists have been convincted of manslaughter for not properly informing citizens of the L'Aquila earthquake in April of 2009 that killed 300 people, says BBC news.

In a regional court, prosecutors said the defendants gave a reassuring statement that led to thousands deciding not to flee during the 6.3 magnitude quake, reports BBC.

The six ex-government officials have been sentenced to six years in prison, but will appeal the sentence.

The sentence has shocked the scientific world. Over 5,000 scientists signed a letter of objection to the Italian government, reports the Los Angeles Times.

Prosecutors said the defendants did not properly warn citizens of the potential damage the quake could cause, in particular the numbers of buildings that would fall.

BBC reports that David Rothery, of the UK's Open University, said earthquakes were "inherently unpredictable"

The progression of ABC's article deals with a very broad span of time, and the progression of the article is crucial for the audience's understanding.

The author begins with the recent arrest of a man linked to a crime in 1976. The background of the victim of the crime committed is then given, along with the dedicated detectives who never stopped investigating the crime.

The article then progresses to give details on the odd "gum survey" that led to the victim's DNA being identified as blood splattered on the victim's kitchen cabinet. The article then concludes with the upcoming trial information, and the consequences if the man is proven guilty.

The article is written in chronological time, with the exception of the background of the crime. Since the crime was almost 30 years ago, giving the details is important to gain the interest of the audience.

This article was very effective. The title had a shock value, its progression was easy to follow and is engaging to audiences.

Justin Bieber's Mom Visits Twin Cities

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Justin Bieber's mom stopped in at Minneapolis's Cupcake to be interviewed by the Pioneer Press Friday morning.

Pattie Mallette is in town to make an appearance at the Women of Faith event in downtown St. Paul. Malette has a newly published book entitled "Nowhere but Up: The Story of Justin Bieber's Mom."

In her book, Mallette tells the painful details of her life-from child abuse, domestic abuse, a suicide attempt and life as a struggling teenage single mother. "Even though I deal with heavy subject matter in the book, it's not a depressing book," Mallette told the Pioneer Press.

In the forward that Justin writes from his mom's book, he says "my mother is the strongest women I've ever met."

In interview with Cities92, Mallette says that she hopes that her new book can help people who are in similar situations. She also is in the process of creating her own foundation called "Nowhere but up."

Minneapolis experienced the most rainfall it had seen in two months, but is still on track for a dry fall reports the Pioneer Press.

The Minneapolis-St. Paul airport recorded 0.21 inches of rain by 5 p.m. on Friday. This brings the total rainfall Minneapolis has seen to 0.59 inches this fall, reports the Pioneer Press.

Almost all parts of Minnesota are experiencing a drought, with 30 percent of the state is experiencing an extreme drought. A welcomed rainfall is expected next Thursday through Sunday.

The drought has continued from the summer months, reported AccuWeather.

Rivers during the summer months dropped 30-50 feet below seasonal norms. Barges had difficulty traveling up the Mississippi, and it seems the problem could continue into the autumn months, reports AccuWeather.

Giant Pumpkins Brings Neighborhood Together

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Golden Valley Drive neighbors felt a little more adventurous than just joining together to grow plants and vegetables reports the Golden Valley Patch.

Every year, 25-30 families come together to grow their vegetable of choice: giant pumpkins. This years record was an 881.5 pound gourd, reports the Star Tribune.

Although 20 families usually try to participate, usually only about 8 pumpkins make it to weigh-in day.

In the last 16 years, the small neighborhood get together has turned into a full out festival.

This year, more than 700 people were in attendance to enjoy the parade, DJ, pony rides, hayrides, and custom made t-shirts, reported the Star Tribune.

Although there are bragging rights to see who can grow the heaviest pumpkins, George Abide, one of the founding fathers, told Golden Valley Patch it's about the feeling of community.

"It gives us an excuse to walk in our neighbor's yards, talk and check out the pumpkins," Abide said. "It's about being neighbors, not about the pumpkins."

The DNA taken from a homeless man after a phony "chewing gum survey" has linked Gary Sanford Raub to a 1976 murder, reported the Huffington Post.

Nearly three decade ago, 70-year-old Blanche Kimball was found dead in her home, after neighbors had reported her missing. Kimball had 23 stab wounds to the chest, two to the abdomen, 16 lacerations to the head, and three cuts on her hands, reported the Huffington Post.

Raub, a tenent of Kimball, was originally a suspect, but no one was ever charged with the murder. Maine detectives had continued to work on her case, commited to finding justice for Kimball, reports ABC news.

Raub, now 63 was living homeless in Seattle. His DNA from the "chewing gum survey" matched a blood splatter on Kimball's kitchen drawer. He has been charged with murder and first-degree criminal homicide.

Maine State Police spokesman Steve McCausland is pleased at the hard work of the dectectives. "This is the oldest cold case cracked in Maine, so there's great satisfaction here," McCausland told ABC news.

Prime Minister David Cameron and Scottish First Minister Alex Salmond have agreed to the terms of a referendum that could possibly dissolve the union of England, and make Scotland an independent country, reported the New York Times.

The New York Times says the agreement has given Scotland the authority to stage the vote to Scotland's five million people. Although the agreement is just the beginning, Salmond says it is "a major step forward in Scotland's home rule journey."

The vote, scheduled for 2014, will pose a single yes-or-no question. Residents as young as 16, two years below the legal voting age, will be able to vote on the referendum, reports the Los Angeles Times.

Although the main goal is freedom, Salmond says he is only looking to forge a new relationship with England. "We're not in the business of ripping things up. We're in the business of developing a new relationship between the people of these islands -- I think a more beneficial, an independent, equal relationship,"

Mr. Cameron hopes to secure the state of the United Kingdom. "I want to be the prime minister who keeps the United Kingdom together," Mr. Cameron said.

An outbreak of fungal meningitis linked to tainted steroid medication continues to spread, killing 15, with Minnesota being one of the states affected reports NBC news.

Nearly 14,000 have been potentially injected with the tainted steroid injection compounded at New England Compounding Center of Massachusetts. 205 cases have been confirmed, and 15 have been killed, says Reuters.

The Massachusetts-based company is now under extreme scrutiny for its practices, and faces possible lawsuits.

A Minnesota woman has filed what could be the first lawsuit over the outbreak, reports NBC. The woman filed her cause in the Minnesota federal court after experiencing symptoms consistent with meningitis after given a steroid injection for back pain. om/_news/2012/10/12/14391931-woman-files-what-may-be-first-lawsuit-over-meningitis-outbreak">

Analysis: Car bomb kills 17 in Pakistan bazaar

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In the Star Tribune's article, "Car bomb kills 17 in Pakistan bazaar," the author begins with a description of the bomb that was set off on Saturday, but then reviews the state of the Palastani Taliban and their recent shooting of a 14-year-old girl.

The author of this story uses several different sources. Multiple were cited in each aspect that the author covered, mainly from several government and military officials. The 14-year-old victim teacher's also gave a personal statement regarding the well being of the students after the incident.

Some sources remained un-named when information was reported. For example, the author gives attribution for the fact that 17 people were killed by ending the sentence with "officials said." When specific information or statements were given, a person was named attributing the facts. For example, "Provincial Information Minister Mian Iftikhar Hussain blamed the Pakistani Taliban."

The sources are not from records, as these events have been happened within the last week and are still developing. The attributions given in the article are very effective. Not only does the author attribute information previously released by the media, he gives attribution to new information that further the article's information.