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Current Issues in Educational Technology by Sept.27th

Comments

* positive impacts of technology in Education: Can. enhance social life, enhance academic work, allow us to more easily conduct daily activities both in and out of school, allow access to very current information, may add value to class work, allow for new ways to find information and learn, offer better and more accurate teaching tools, boost achievement, provide distance courses for topics that students would not have access to otherwise, increase student interest in learning, increase productivity.

* negative impacts of technology in Education: Can. create social isolation, allow students to get by without knowing basic skills that would be needed if computers were not used (ex. How to do basic math, make charts, spell words, etc.), be distracting, waste time if not used properly, reduce hands-on experiences.

* problem/solution: Problem - It can be hard for teachers to know about all of the types of technology available and therefore hard to teach students how to use them. Solution - They can improve their ability to know about and teach these skills by taking technology courses. Problem - When teachers do not have their teaching methods that use technology match the written testing assessments of students. Solution - Keep things consistent and maybe offer computer-based testing options. Problem - Access to technology since there are only so many computers available and everyone wants to use them. Solution - Not really sure, maybe look for grants to purchase equipment or ask for extra/old computers for use in classrooms. Problem - Using technology to teach content and not having it be a separate or add-on thing. Solution - Make sure that when planning assignments that content is not being lost as a result of trying to incorporate technology. Remember your learning objectives.

* design of your final project in practice: Since I work for 4-H and am not a classroom teacher, I will do a website for the Litchfield Agriculture Instructor. I am not sure at this point what class it will for or what it will all entail. These are details that the teacher wanted to think about and let me know at a later time.

Jillian’s Response

Positive Impacts
- Students learn more in less time when using computer-based instruction.
- Technology can have a positive impact on student attitudes towards learning.
- Access to up-to-date information more readily available and fluid than in textbooks.


Negative Impacts
- Use of technology can be detrimental if teacher is not adequately prepared to use it effectively in their teaching.
- Lack of filtering on information available to students and teachers.
- Use of technology can be distracting for some students, particularly in the world of social networking (Facebook, MySpace, etc.)

Solutions
- Largest concerns are related to teacher-preparedness with the use of technology in teaching. Continued professional development on technology for educators is necessary to ensure it is being used correctly in the classroom.
- Blocking specific websites (i.e. Facebook) on school grounds to eliminate concerns of distractions during instruction.

Final Project
- Working in higher education, I would like to create a website for CSB/SJU’s Telecommunications program, which has current students calling prospective students. In this situation, the Telecommunications supervisor will be the “teacher? and the student callers will be the “students.? The program needs a way to keep the students informed about important information that needs to be shared with the prospective students. They are also in need of a “feedback spiral? where the callers can provide feedback to the supervisor on the unique needs of the program.

Positive impacts of technology in Education

In reviewing the two articles, I felt the Valdez article was better written than the Schacter article. I felt the latter article quoted studies that were published 1998 to 1999. In the rapidly changing world of technology, the last nine years could contain many advances. Schacter also quoted a meta-analysis by Kulik published in 1994. This meta-analysis contained studies from 1978 to 1991. I feel this time span would make it difficult to adequately control variables. Statistical significance was not mentioned during the Schacter review.

The Valdez article mentions the following as positive impacts:
1. Technology can improve education in the effect-size range of 0.3 to 0.4. The type of improvement was not defined.
2. Educational technology can enhance a student’s ability to think abstractly. It “can offer adolescents a bridge from concrete to abstract thinking,?
3. Technology makes distance education possible.
4. Assistive technologies support students with disabilities and limited English skills.
5. The potential exists for creating communities of learners.

Negative impacts of technology in Education

1. Drill and practice technologies decreased fourth and eighth- grade performance.
2. Internet access is equal in poor and wealthy schools but disparities exist in home Internet access between economic groups.
3. Effectiveness is directly related to teacher competence with technology. This is noted in curriculum design, modeling and assessment.
4. Investment is needed both in equipment and staff support.
5. The potential for social isolation may exist.

Solution

1. Invest not only in technology but in human infrastructure. Professional development and support is vital.
2. Adding technology must be looked at as a long-term process, not a one-time investment.
3. Connections to real-world uses are needed for the students. They need to see the relevance.
4. Effective assessments need to be developed.
5. Teachers need to develop their technology skills and integrate technology into the curriculum, not simply add it on.


Design of your final project in practice

I am the course director of the Fluids and Electrolytes course that starts in late November. I will design a web site to introduce the course. It will contain real-life scenarios that will demonstrate the usefulness of studying this topic. These scenarios will probably be short videos. I will also place the syllabus and course objectives on this site. Links will be placed to direct the students to other Internet sources.

Positive Aspects
-Students have more and faster access to information
-Assistive technology can assist children with special needs
-Classroom collaborations
-Students can create software that other students use and learn from
-Prepare children for a life in a technological world
-Teachers have access to teaching resources

Negative aspects
-Inappropriate use of online materials
-Inaccurate information found online
-Young children learn best through hands-on/concrete experiences, which cannot be achieved through computer software
-Physical requirements of using a computer may not be appropriate for young children (eye strain, fine motor, posture etc)
-Technology becomes obsolete so quickly, takes a lot of funding to keep up
-Teachers who are not technologically savvy
-Assignments that use technology simply to use it, technology first, education second
Solutions
-Sufficient technology funding
-educate teachers on best practices when incorporating technology
-Keep software/technology up to date
-Entire school systems supports it
-educate students how to evaluate information found online to ensure accuracy
-integrate technology in to all areas of the curriculum

Design of Final Project
-I'm a Preschool Educator at UMD Children’s Place and ideally, I would create a website I can update as needed to inform families of classroom information, lesson plans, and current events. I am not sure how to go about getting all the red tape cleared through the university to have a site that I can update as I see fit, but we’ll see how it goes. I would like to have the site linked to the current Children’s Place website.


POSITIVES: 1 students learn more in shorter amount of time 2. students demonstrated positive attitudes toward learning and improved self concept. 3. improved ability for students to think abstractly. 4 access for students to do research and meaningful projects with improved resources.

NEGATIVES: 1. Initial costs to purchase the technology. maintain the programs with up to date software and products. costs also associated with maintanence and improvements (which are basically constant). cost of continuing education for staff 2. how comfortable is the teacher who is using the equipment and softwhere. has he/she had the necessary instruction to effectively use the program to deliver material and content to the students.(compentecy levels of the teacher). 3.) "students reported the quality of the assignments were poor and uninspiring" (Valdez). 4.) argued that technology creates social isolation and prevents students from learning critical basic skills. 5. availability to inappropriate material for children.

SOLUTION: has to be presented by teachers following evidence based or best practice guidelines to ensure effectiveness. availability of funds for updating equipment and providing educational opportunities for instructors. as discussed in the assesment class, set targets. what are your goals you want the students to reach with the lesson itself and with utilization of the technology?
my webpage will be centered around general wellness. benefits of exercise, exercise technique and instruction, tips for healthy nutritional habits, additional links for additional resources and injury prevention.
not sure if i am supposed to post this here, but my website URL is www.d.umn.edu/~lars3270

POSITIVE IMPACTS: Students complete school work quicker, learn more in less amount of time, have faster access and more access to information, enhances learning as well as social life, develop positive attitudes toward learning, supports students with disabilities,and can help teachers respond to students diverse learning styles. NEGATIVE IMPACTS: Technology can create social isolation, prevents students from learning critical basic skills, and assignments can be poor quality and uninspiring to students, insufficient teach knowledge. SOLUTION: Teachers who lack technological knowledge can use continued learning to enhance their use with technology. FINAL PROJECT: Well I have 3 things in mind that all relate to my profession as a coach but can't decide which one to do. One is to design a website that gives information on our summer basketball camps that have the goal of our camps, a description of each camp, and a registration form. The other one is a website for prospective student athletes which would include brief information about our basketball program, NCAA recruiting information that would be helpful to them and a questionnaire for them to fill out. The last one is a website that is a tutorial for athletes or coaches on basketball fundamental skills and basic offensive and defensive sets. I would love to hear from you guys on which one you think I should use. :) Thanks!

Joyce's Discussion

Positive impacts of technology in Education
* enhances the social life and academic work of teenagers
* enhances learning, increases productivity and promotes creativity
* allows students to collaborate and interact with peers, experts and other audiences
* allows students to gather and analyze data from a variety of sources
Conclusions: when students have access to newer educational technologies they show positive gains in achievement on researcher constructed tests, standardized tests, and national tests.

Negative impacts of technology in Education
* students who lack access to these tools are at a growing disadvantage
* provides minimal value-added benefit to educational efforts
* technology reduces socialization opportunities
* sexual and violent content on the internet
* teachers who do not know how to use technology effectively in the classroom
Conclusions: Technology use is less effective or ineffective when the learning objectives are unclear and the focus of the technology use is diffuse.

Solution
The single most important factor for reducing criticism of technology use in instruction is to have teachers who are competent and knowledgeable about appropriate and effective use of technology to improve student learning. The discussion in our Assessment class with Julia spoke of the importance of having a well-defined "target" to ensure learner success. This is especially true in a classroom that incorporates educational technology strategies.

Final Project
I will be creating a website for the Instructional Services unit at Gustavus. This unit is responsible for assisting faculty in using educational technology effectively and efficiency and classroom technology support. The website will include professional development opportunities offered internally and externally, faculty online resources, and educational technology sources.

Positive Impacts: Allows students to receive prompt feedback on performance. Allows for more teacher-student and student-student interaction. Gives students multiple ways of exploring ideas and allows for creativity to blossom. Assistive technologies support students with disabilities. Educational technologies are learning tools that can increase virtually all students' learning opportunities.
Negative Impacts: Lack of resources for students can hinder their performance. Technology can take away from social interaction situations. Teachers who are not good with technology may not effectively integrate it into their curriculum.
Solutions: Having all teachers adequately prepared for technology is key to proper integration for the students. Allowing fair and equal opportunities for all students. Educating teachers about technology and how to use it in the classroom.
Final Project: My idea for my final project is a collaboration with Chris. We are going to create an informational website about the Strength and Conditioning program here at UMD.

Positive Impacts: Allows students to receive prompt feedback on performance. Allows for more teacher-student and student-student interaction. Gives students multiple ways of exploring ideas and allows for creativity to blossom. Assistive technologies support students with disabilities. Educational technologies are learning tools that can increase virtually all students' learning opportunities.
Negative Impacts: Lack of resources for students can hinder their performance. Technology can take away from social interaction situations. Teachers who are not good with technology may not effectively integrate it into their curriculum.
Solutions: Having all teachers adequately prepared for technology is key to proper integration for the students. Allowing fair and equal opportunities for all students. Educating teachers about technology and how to use it in the classroom.
Final Project: My idea for my final project is a collaboration with Chris. We are going to create an informational website about the Strength and Conditioning program here at UMD.

Positive Impacts: Allows students to receive prompt feedback on performance. Allows for more teacher-student and student-student interaction. Gives students multiple ways of exploring ideas and allows for creativity to blossom. Assistive technologies support students with disabilities. Educational technologies are learning tools that can increase virtually all students' learning opportunities.

Negative Impacts: Lack of resources for students can hinder their performance. Technology can take away from social interaction situations. Teachers who are not good with technology may not effectively integrate it into their curriculum.

Solutions: Having all teachers adequately prepared for technology is key to proper integration for the students. Allowing fair and equal opportunities for all students. Educating teachers about technology and how to use it in the classroom.

Final Project: My idea for my final project is a collaboration with Chris. We are going to create an informational website about the Strength and Conditioning program here at UMD.

Positive Impacts: Allows students to receive prompt feedback on performance. Allows for more teacher-student and student-student interaction. Gives students multiple ways of exploring ideas and allows for creativity to blossom. Assistive technologies support students with disabilities. Educational technologies are learning tools that can increase virtually all students' learning opportunities.

Negative Impacts: Lack of resources for students can hinder their performance. Technology can take away from social interaction situations. Teachers who are not good with technology may not effectively integrate it into their curriculum.

Solutions: Having all teachers adequately prepared for technology is key to proper integration for the students. Allowing fair and equal opportunities for all students. Educating teachers about technology and how to use it in the classroom.

Final Project: My idea for my final project is a collaboration with Chris. We are going to create an informational website about the Strength and Conditioning program here at UMD.

Positive: Supports those with disabilities or could not otherwise attend class. More student-student interaction. More adaptive and creative learning environment allowinf each other to learn from each other’s experiences. Students learn at a faster rate and be more efficient in their learning. Allows for more social life and time outside of classroom (ex: work and family time).

Negative: Less personal interaction among students, this could negatively impact a students basic communication skill and group/teamwork ability. Some students make not have access to certain technology which would allow them to participate, which would then be a financial issue and cost to them could be to great. Instructor must be very proficient in using the technology/software to be able to effectively teach to students. Basic skills using hands and basic communication is ignored.

Solution: Use technology as another piece to the whole teaching environment so that all basic skills can be developed and not overlooked. Some idea of how to integrate technology so that everyone has an equal opportunity to use it. Teachers must also continue to learn to improve use and ability to instruct others on use of technology.

Final Project: I will be working with Ross to develop a web page for strength and conditioning. They have never had one, and hopefully upon completion the site will be a new addition to the athletic page. The goal will be to develop a site to showcase the facility and the philosophy of the training of our athletes.


*Positive impacts of technology in Education
1. The spatial and time restriction to get education is unnecessary. (It is possible to learn any subject using various mediums such as internet MSN messenger).
2. it is possible for one professor to give a lecture to many students living far away from the school. That is, distance learning can be possible. Therefore, distance learning will be able to augment the result of education.
3. Appling the computers and program studying in the classroom will be able to promote individual's learning capability, interest and aptitude of the subject.
4. Technology will be able to shorten a studying time and make systematic learning.
5. a communication medium instead of the language strengthens teaching method.
6. Using TV, computer, and powerpoint slide help a direct learning.
7. Technology will be able to equalize the chance of education.
8. Technology substitutes or assists the part of teacher function.
*Negative impacts of technology in Education
1. Studying in compliance with the machine may be able to cause an injection type education, that is, passive learning.
2. Using too many technological teaching aids which substitute teacher may be able to give an inhuman education to students.
3. Uniform education hinders students' creative thinking.
Solution
When technology simply stays to a means or the imitation, the relationship of the pedagogy and engineering becomes a failure. That is, to use technology only for the class teaching is not meaningful.Technology should be adapted to an environment with a better study.ex) Watching classes using computer or cd-room becomes the study only of medium, that is, there is no teacher in education.

Positive impacts of tech: I think the most important positive impact of technology is that it improves student achievement and it does that by offering different opportunities for students to learn, it keeps students interested, which improves their attitudes towards school and the communication between teacher and student. Also, it can improve student understanding and reasoning which ultimately will improve student test scores on standardized tests.
Negative impacts of tech: If teachers are not competent in their use of technology or have the ability to use it effectively to enhance their lessons, it won’t be successful. Also, technology requires money, initial start-up money and continual updating and upkeep of the technology. Some people think that technology may either create a distraction for some students or create social isolation
Solution: Encourage school districts to budget for tech money on a continual basis and provide teacher training and have good available tech support.
Final project: I interviewed myself (a teacher) and determined that I would like to have a website that has links to educational websites that would be used for projects in my classroom. I would like to be able to add and remove links easily so that when we are working on a unit I could have the students go to my site and just click on the link that would take them to the project for that day or week or whatever. I would also like links to sites that could help them with the material we are working on if they need additional help. Also, a place where they could email me with their questions that maybe they don’t want to ask in class. I would also want a place for posting assignments and handouts.

Positive impacts of tech: I think the most important positive impact of technology is that it improves student achievement and it does that by offering different opportunities for students to learn, it keeps students interested, which improves their attitudes towards school and the communication between teacher and student. Also, it can improve student understanding and reasoning which ultimately will improve student test scores on standardized tests.
Negative impacts of tech: If teachers are not competent in their use of technology or have the ability to use it effectively to enhance their lessons, it won’t be successful. Also, technology requires money, initial start-up money and continual updating and upkeep of the technology. Some people think that technology may either create a distraction for some students or create social isolation
Solution: Encourage school districts to budget for tech money on a continual basis and provide teacher training and have good available tech support.
Final project: I interviewed myself (a teacher) and determined that I would like to have a website that has links to educational websites that would be used for projects in my classroom. I would like to be able to add and remove links easily so that when we are working on a unit I could have the students go to my site and just click on the link that would take them to the project for that day or week or whatever. I would also like links to sites that could help them with the material we are working on if they need additional help. Also, a place where they could email me with their questions that maybe they don’t want to ask in class. I would also want a place for posting assignments and handouts.

Joy's comments:

The article stated the dilemma of using technology, especially internet as a teaching tool in the classroom.

Some negative impacts are:
-when the students are not guided, they often get distracted and waste time.
For example, I have two kids at home that utilizes the internet often for school work. As a parent, I notice how easy it is for them to be unfocused and navigate around the net aimlessly.
-The teachers don't have the right knowledge of how to use the internet, leading to wasted time and a dependency that is not productive.

One other point I want to bring up is how if the use of technology is not balanced with the use of other tools in the classroom, it may be harmful for the students also. For example, as a kindergarten teacher, I realized that especially for younger, developing students, using the computer too much can hurt them physically, like their eye sight.

There are however, positive impacts of technology also:
-The internet can provide a vast data base, which can help students and teachers gain easy access to many information positive to the learning process.
-Communication within the community, or simply between teachers and students become easier , frequent and creative. For example, high school students can now turn in their homework on line or form study groups on facebook.

Since technology has both pros and cons, what should educators do?
The solution is a teacher educated in the use of technology in the classroom. Knowing how to use this tool, teachers can make learning both more interesting and productive, and also conserve time and eliminate distractions by creating a good plan.

For my final project, I was thinking about creating a web-site for the children of my church. I think it would be fun to make a bible story come alive b using, say, flash player technology.

Positive Impacts

- Technology helps student learning to be more efficient (learn more in less time).
- Technology can improve students’ attitudes towards learning.
- More accurate and up-to-date information is more readily accessible when using technology.

Negative Impacts

- Many teachers are not properly prepared to teach using modern technology.
- With so much information of all types available, there needs to be a better filtering system.
- More investment needs to be made in up-to-date technologies if they are to maximize effectiveness.

Solutions

- Teachers need to be better trained in the use of modern technology, how to teach with it, what’s available, etc. I believe teachers should go through a mandatory educational technology course.
- Districts need to invest in new technologies to make sure that they are not doing their students a disservice with outdated materials.
- Districts also need to implement better filtering systems to avoid allowing technology to be a distraction or hindrance to student learning.

Final Project

I spoke an elementary special ed teacher about what she would like in a website. While she wanted to get back to me with more specifics shortly, her first impression was that she would like an “about us? page, an “upcoming events? page, and most importantly in her mind, a “resources? page that the parents of her students could use to locate valuable information that could help them and their children. I’ll include more information as my discussion with this teacher evolves.

Positive impacts of technology in education
The Impact of Education Technology on Student Achievement article was persuasive in discussing research that pointed to improvement in test scores among students who used technology in school. The studies used control groups and were comprehensive studies, including study of computer-based instruction as well as instruction that incorporated technology in other ways. The test scores analyzed included tests designed by the researchers as well as standardized tests and national tests. The researchers also studied affects and higher-ordered thinking skills among students as well as test scores and found that technology use had a positive impact on student attitudes toward learning and encouraged higher level thinking in many cases. The improvements did depend on factors such as teacher training and knowledge, type of software, and whether the purpose of the technology was clear or not. While Valdez mentioned more of the negative issues, he discussed the pervasiveness of technology in today’s society, an important factor in education of young people who are familiar with many types of technology. Valdez also mentioned that teacher preparation as a critical component of education using technology, which I think is an intuitive notion. Any tools used in the classroom depend on appropriate use. One teacher interviewed mentioned using technology in situations in labs where it might be dangerous for students to attempt the experiment, or where proficiency with the equipment was an issue in student’s ability to make conclusions. This was an idea I had not thought about and it seems a wonderful solution to some problems inherent in labs. The availability and current nature of information found on the internet is an important benefit of technology.
Negative impacts of technology in education
One of the concerns about technology I have heard from parents and other teachers is the solitary nature of much computer-assisted education. Students learn so much in school beyond the academic subjects and much of that seems to be missing in technology of the drill and practice type. I felt that neither of the articles discussed the social aspects of education and the differences in the classroom using computers ( and both articles seemed to focus on computers in the discussion of technology). Valdez made some general comments about collaborative learning, but did not cite any specific studies or authors. Both articles emphasized the importance of teacher preparation and for teachers with busy schedules keeping up with technology that changes so rapidly can be difficult.
Solution
Teacher preparation and teacher attitude are key to successful use of technology
Availability of technology for all students is important
Quality programs and incorporation of the technology with the curriculum is essential as well. Using technology without clear goals and a lack of support is a drawback to effective use.
Final Project
My final project will probably be a web page for the independent study program I teach in rather that one solely for my students. There is very little use of technology in our school other than word-processing software used by the English department. A web page with some general information about the programs, teachers, and courses seems like it might be the most useful for our students. I will also include resources that mesh with the courses we offer.

Positive Impacts: Technology has the potential to be a great equalizer in the world of education. Both of these articles present numerous examples of studies that show the benefits students can derive from the use of technology in education. In addition, by having technology in the classroom students will build skills that will be valuable to them in the work force. One area I don’t remember the articles covering that I think is an important positive is the fact that when schools embrace technology it opens up doors to expand educational opportunities. For example, all of us are able to be pursuing a master’s degree while working full-time because of technology. Or, a high school student that has run out of math classes to take in their small high school is able to take the next level class through technology from another high school or a college.

Negative Impacts: The Valdez article reports that there is “virtually no differences in Internet access between poor and wealthier schools?. I don’t have the same level of confidence in the equality of technology in education. Schools may have internet access but do they have the staff to keep up with the technological infrastructure. One potential weakness that I see is teachers moving more of their lesson plans to a technology model but then having the technology fail on them when they go to implement it. I can think of numerous times in school where we would go to the computer lab for an exercise and then there was a snafu that left the teacher without a lesson plan. Also, technology can sometimes provide too many resources to students. When you send a middle schooler into the school library to research a topic, you can assume that the information they will find in the books and encyclopedias will be valid, but when you send that same student onto the internet, you throw that assumption out the window.

Solution: The solution/responsibility for effective implementation of technology lies on the teacher. Teachers must be able to determine the benefits of using technology in their teaching and feel comfortable with their own skills using a technology.

Final Project: At St. Mary’s I coordinate all aspects of student volunteerism in our office so I would like to create a resource website for those students. Currently we have a shotgun approach to training where we provide them with a lot of information upfront and instead I would like this website to serve as a continual tool for training and education of our student volunteers.

Positive Impacts: I can see many positive impacts of education in my own observations. Being a public school teacher in a few different settings has allowed me to see how technology in the classroom or school environment can impact students many ways. Students can connect to the world around it in seconds, be informed of current events, utilize research sites, use word process and software programs to infuse assignments, etc..I believe the positive list can keep going and going. Which leads into my negative list.

Negative Impacts: Being able to witness the positive impacts of technology comes with watching the negative impacts also. I see technology with the possibility of being a distraction to student learning with not being able to monitor all students at once. Making new rules and regulations towards technology can take the focus off of learning too. Like cell phone, I-Pod, MP3 Players, etc..if allowed in classrooms for the wrong reasons just foster distractions to learing. The internet allowing endless access to information is good and bad. Not all information is accurate, truthful or appropriate for certain aged students to view or read. Negatives also include in my experience the lack of tech. help in our school. The lack of funding to maintain current technology can just frustrate a teacher. Who's going to help you? How much does a classroom teacher need to know? Are they not teaching content. Yes, it can become easier to teach certain things/ways using technologys if we live in an ideal world with all the detail taken care of. And, how will the use of technology in schools help students pass the "same old" standardized MCA's in reading, writing, math and science?

Solution: Many solutions to these problems can be brainstormed but how can they be addressed? Like how to fund education in the classrom. Access to technology can change from school to school dispite what the article said. Where is the money going to come from. Our state would need to allocate more money for education in order to increase and effectively keep good uses of technology in schools. Also, teacher training would need to be provided to teachers who would volunteer to increase their knowledge of using tech. in their class. Tech. needs to be maintained and updated regularly, but at the expense of what? So, I guess in addition to positive impacts, we also have the negatives.

Final Project: I'd like to create some type of classroom website for my students and parents to view from home. How exactly that would work is the question. I'd just like to infuse this technology to aid my students and their parents to see what we're up to in class and what's coming up later in class. The rest comes later.

POSITIVE: Increases interest and quality of learning, may engage less confident students, expands capabilities of how to teach and what to teach, makes work quicker, allows for up to date information, encourages broader, more meaninful discusssion, cultivates abstract thinking, engages different learning styles, aids students in subgroups, such as with language differences.

NEGATIVES: Information base is vast; hard to focus, rapid change - difficult to keep up with latest technology, rapid change - hard for economically disadvantaged to keep up with current technology, loss of critical thinking skills, loss of socialization, students perceptions of teachers are sometimes negative, some argue it in economically disadvantaged schools it may take away from other things that may be of better use to students.

SOLUTIONS: There are many variable in a school environment; students, teachers, attitudes toward technology, software, access to technology, etc...I think it is important to look at the variables and the context of technology. Balance in life is usually what you want to achieve, not too much or too little. So technology is important and has it's place, but it is not the only thing. You should determine what the target is, what we want technology to achieve in a school, classroom, student's life, etc...then know how to define if it is effective, and then know how to measure if it is acheiving what we want. After that is established, teacher training is important. Pedagogical knowledge and teacher skills are important for modeling and teaching effectively. Have clear learning expectations, have sufficient and up to date technology and support for the technology, and then make sure that technology used during learning is consistent when testing and assessing. Curriculum and instuctional methods should be expanded and the planning should involve the students and the teachers.

FINAL PROJECT: I'm not sure I have a clear idea of what the final project needs to be, but I work as a child protection social worker for St. Louis County, and would like to either develop a page on our intranet that deals with the new County child welfare delivery initiative of Safety Organized Practice or develop a page that is a practical resource base for child welfare clients in Northern St. Louis County.

Negative impact: Technology leads to a privileged society of haves and have nots creating a more visible gap of disadvantage and providing a false reality of expected material being synonymous with educational gain; It has the potential to decrease interpersonal communicative skills; Structured classroom setting may have the potential to not by adaptable to special needs; Technology hands answers to the learning individual; There is always something better the following year;

Positive impact: Distant education would be suitable for students who lack collective problem solving; Current and up to date issues would be present therefore students can think in the here and now; Change of attitude towards education

Solution: Provide equal opportunity learning by providing the types of technological educational programs and devices at home; Ensure competence amongst faculty, staff and parents of students being served; Provide adaptable technological learning communities that would cater to students that have different learning styles as well as abilities; Reiterate that the objective is to have innovative way to learning not an experiment (ethics)

Final Project:


I currently work in a Higher Educational Institution where I will be an Advisor of an organization that goals are to create a family of support amongst students who experience institutional “isms?. I want to design a website that gathers the testimonies of current and former students of the organization with flash videos of written letters with voices over. For those who visit the site will learn information about the organization as well as the step that one should go by if something were to happen to him/her with links to administrators, students, faculty and staff that will assist with there specific problem. Furthermore having links that would go to campus resources.

Positive impact of technology
--Gives students a medium to work with that they are familiar with. Students use it for personal things such as email and MySpace, and being able to incorporate technology within a class will help them relate to the material.
--When doing reports or research, technology allows for students to get the most up-to-date information, instead of relying on books that may be years old.
--Creates a learning environment that enhances communication between students and teachers. It gives those students who do not feel comfortable commenting or questioning in class the opportunity for their voice to be heard.
--Gives students the tools to be able to gain an understanding of the technology that will be used in the working world when they complete high school and college.

Negative impacts of technology
--Funding….plain and simple. Some schools have the funding, others do not, which does not put all students on an even playing field. This is no different than getting funding for other areas in the school
--Not all teachers understand how to use the technology in their classes.
--Teachers to not understand the technology as a whole
--Use of too much technology too soon in a student’s career could potentially harm the core, fundamental building blocks.
--Once technology is implemented, it is not maintained to keep up with the current technological advancements

Solution
--Create workshops for teachers to learn the technology and how to use it effectively in the classroom.
--Find the funding to provide schools with the same technology, so all students have the same learning opportunities
--Once technology has been implemented in the schools, make sure there is future funding to keep up with the ever changing technology needs of the school
--Find a balance between technology and books in the school. As the articles stated, not all classes can be taught best by books and not all classes can be taught best by technology. Determine when it is appropriate to start using technology in the classroom….whether this be a certain grade or for certain courses.

Final Project
--I teach a class to incoming freshmen, Intro to College Learning. I would like to design a site around this course and the topics that I cover.

* positive impacts of technology in Education- From both of the articles/reports I read the use of technology to increase learning is very dependent on how well organized the lessons are. Teachers and how well they are trained in using technology to assist their students in learning seems to be the key for increasing levels of learning for our students. Both readings seem to say that the use of computers and other technology can be a huge help in teaching students.

* negative impacts of technology in Education- One thing that was mentioned that the money that is being spent on technology could be spent on other resources that may work better to help students learn. Another negative is that many teacher are not up to date on the different technologies that are available to use in schools.
The upkeep of technology can also be a negative. If a schools infrastructure isn't kept up there can be many problems with the use of technology.

* solution- Money?? and in addition to forking out money to upkeep the equipment. Money is also needed to train teachers about how to use technology to better teach students.

* design of your final project in practice. At this point I don't know for sure What type of web site I will be creating. I will be able to attach it to our web site where I work and will use it with my students. I will depend on where I am in my curriculum at the time that I want to use the site. It will have something to do with the elections.

This is just to practice.

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