Christina Johnson, Fall 2009
Rauschenberg Inspired Collage
Grade Level/Age: 5th grader/10-11 years old
Time Needed: 3 Days
Collage is an easy and fun method for students to explore in art making. The students will use collage to create imaginative works of art.
A.) 188.8.131.52.2. The student will describe how the principles of visual art such as repetition, pattern, emphasis, contrast and balance are used in the creation, presentation or response to visual artworks.
B.) 184.108.40.206.2. The student will describe how visual art communicates meaning.
C.) The student will have a better understanding of how to create a successful composition using various materials.
Posters and postcards of collage focus on ones with a lot of contrast between background and subject, Collage books, Example by teacher or past student,
Camera, computer, printer, paper, scissors, glue sticks, cardstock or construction paper in a variety of colors for cutting and for mounting in the end, magazine and newspaper scraps (all images much be age appropriate),
Introduction to the Lesson:
Traditionally collage is looked at as the gluing or pasting of multiple pieces of paper together and in fact comes from the French word "coller" meaning to paste or glue. Throughout history collage can be found from paper and fabric glued together by ancient Japanese calligraphers to Italian painters working with jewels and gilded paper in their works. Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque are generally given credit for beginning collage in fine art as we know it today. These artists desired a more real form of painting and decided to incorporate objects and images that were from their day-to-day lives such as newspapers, hair, and old matchbooks among other things. This led to other artists using objects in three dimensional collage works. For example, Robert Rauschenberg created works that he called "combines" which are essentially three-dimensional collages, because they consist of a variety of objects acting as one piece.
Rauschenberg has worked with both two and three dimensional pieces. Some of his collages begin with newspaper backgrounds that are built up with paint and other scraps of paper. His paintings contain objects such as dirt, tissue paper, or gold leaf. Fabrics and other found items find their way into his compositions to make beautiful works of art.
Instructional Procedure for Art Making:
Day One: Today is an introductory day for the students. The first fifteen minutes will involve a presentation on the history of collage with a focus on Rauschenberg's work. Principles such as repetition, pattern, emphasis, contrast and balance will be pointed out and discussed during the presentation. After that explain to the students that they will be working on a collage of their own but starting with their own picture. The picture will be digitally taken, printed off, and then they will be able to cut and paste Then each child will have their photo taken individually and encourage them to be as creative as they want. While the children are taking turns getting their photo taken have the students who are waiting work on drawings of what they want their final portrait to look like. All of the pictures should be saved in the computer for day two. Allow five to ten minutes for the students to put away their drawings and clean up.
Day Two: Have the printed pictures ready to go for the students. The tables should be set up with scissors, glue sticks, construction paper, and other available collage materials. Instruct the students to cut their photos into any shapes they want and combine them with other paper to create a new self portrait. Re-emphasize the principles of visual art and encourage them to think about them while creating their portraits. The students should complete the project today. Allow ten minutes for clean up.
Day Three: This is the last day for this project. Each child will take out their portrait and a piece of paper. Allow five to ten minutes for them to write about what they learned about collage and the principles of art. Then have them hand in their work. The next project can be introduced.
The final project should be a collage portrait that displays the student's knowledge of the principles of art. Composition is important and it should be clear that over the course of the project they put thought into how the collage was arranged.
Art History: Collage Art
Art Production: Collage
Aesthetics: Learn to create original collage imagery
Art Criticism: Written paragraph
"Collage History." <http://www.sunnyday.org/art_lesson_plans/collage_history.htm>.
Krieg, Susan. A brief history complied by Susan Krieg-Collage Artist.
"Robert Rauschenberg-About the Artist." PBS.org.
Guggenheim Museum. "Robert Rauschenberg Biography"