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April 19, 2007

Collaboration

Tulip and Arabesque is an international collaboration that was initiated by:

Alison Aune, Associate Professor of Art Education at the University of Minnesota Duluth
Joellyn Rock, Assistant Professor of Art + Design at the University of Minnesota Duluth

This collaboration has included:
Art Education and Digital Design students and faculty from the University of Minnesota Duluth
Undergraduate Research Opportunity Program grantees, Natalie Patrick and Amber Szerpicki
Elementary and Middle School age children from Duluth Minnesota

Graphic Design students and faculty from Başkent University, Ankara, Turkey

Special Thanks to our Turkish colleagues, professors Halime Fişenk and Murat Devrim Atilgan, and Dean Dr. Filiz Yenişehirlioğlu of Başkent University, Ankara, Turkey.

This project was made possible with support from:
The Turkish American Alliance of the School of Fine Arts (SFA), University of Minnesota Duluth, Dean Jack Bowman and Julia Gillett, grant writer; SFA funding of two faculty Small Chancellor’s Grants and an American-Turkish Alliance Exchange Research Grant; SFA Undergraduate Research Opportunity Program grants to art and design students Natalie Patrick and Amber Szerpicki; Funding from The Office of International Programs (OIP) Interdisciplinary International Institutional Partnership Grants; The Department of Art + Design Head Virginia Jenkins; Professor Ron Marchese, Sociology and Anthropology, University of Minnesota Duluth and with donations from UMD Stores Art Supplies.

UMD Art Ed and Kids In-process Art

The aim of integrating this project into a university elementary methods course in art education was to develop visually sensitive and culturally engaged future art teachers through meaningful art experiences in the college classroom and in the community. This approach to teacher training expanded the students’ knowledge about multicultural art through innovative inquiry, critical reflection, artistic creativity and meaningful learning in a living art education curriculum.

classroom.jpg


In this pedagogical model, the college students are active participants in the creation, and dissemination of The Patterns for Peace: Tulip and Arabesque curriculum. Students are required to create original lesson plans and studio projects to share with children in a three- time class visit. Using a variety of instructional methods such as the Discovery, Directive, and Socratic methodologies, students guided children through the art lessons at their small tables that became mini-classrooms. In this way, students were able to apply, and test out, the learning theories and educational strategies that they are studying. The community outreach offered an alternative setting for supervised pre-service fieldwork. Here, the student began the transition from student to teacher in a favorable environment that encouraged intergenerational teaching and learning. For many students, especially the non-art majors, the challenge of motivating and promoting meaningful aesthetic experiences was enriched through the working with the children. They were learners together.

About the Tulip & Arabesque motifs

from notes by Alison Aune:

The traditional Turkish motifs of the Tulip and Arabesque have had multiple meanings throughout history. For this project, we traced the Tulip, where it was a heraldic motif used throughout the Ottoman Empire, and we followed the Islamic arabesque with its interlacing and continuous vines found in ceramic tiles and carpets. Inspired by these original sources, we created artworks as a way to understand, and celebrate, these ancient patterns of peace.

Links to Symmetry and Pattern Resources on the web >>>

Symmetry and Pattern: The Art of Oriental Carpets
In this online exhibit, the study of symmetry is used to analyze
patterns in Oriental carpets. A joint project of The Textile Museum
and The Math Forum. http://mathforum.org/geometry/rugs/

Kilims are Turkish rugs which come from the Anatolian Plateau in
Central Turkey, also called "Cappadocia" . The rugs have always been
woven entirely by hand, the wool twisted into threads with the use of
small, wooden spindles which are still in use today. Homemade dyes
were used, and many families kept secret their knowledge of which
leaves, flowers, roots or vegetables would yield the most radiant
colors.
Here are some photos of a kilim weaver at work on her own piece. Kilims
are more than interior decorations; they are a part of a history of
both the individual and the culture that created them. By watching the
creative process, we want you to feel a connection to this ancient art.
http://www.kilimwomen.com/
Contact Barbara Sher at barbara@kilimwomen.com if you are interested...

Turkish Carpets & Rugs Portal
http://www.turkhali.org/

http://www.allaboutturkey.com/carpet.htm


www.theottomans.org aims to become the leading information portal
regarding the history, military, culture and arts of the Ottoman
Empire that has once dominated a large territory from Egypt to Russia,
from India to Austria. Theottomans.org will be sponsorship oriented
non-commercial web site which will be followed by www.theottomans.com,
a platform that will trade Ottoman art, and www.theottomans.net, the
future home of the interactive game “Constantinople 1453”.
http://www.theottomans.org/english/index.asp

ISLAMIC PATTERNS & GEOMETRY
Geometric motifs were popular with Islamic artists and designers in all
parts of the world, for decorating almost every surface, whether walls
or floors, pots or lamps, book covers or textiles. As Islam spread
from nation to nation and region to region, Islamic artists combined
their penchant for geometry with existing traditions, creating a new
and distinctive Islamic art. This art expressed the logic and order
inherent in the Islamic vision of the universe.
http://www.salaam.co.uk/themeofthemonth/march02_index.php?l=3

gallery of images
http://www.salaam.co.uk/themeofthemonth/march02_index.php?l=6

Taprats: Computer-Generated Islamic Star Patterns ... Symmetries of
Islamic Geomertical Patterns
http://www.cgl.uwaterloo.ca/~csk/washington/taprats/

Islamic Geometric Patterns


Jay Bonner is a specialist in the design of Islamic geometric patterns.
Some 25 years ago he rediscovered the lost techniques used by
traditional Muslim pattern designers. These techniques provide the
means to recreate even the most complex patterns used by Islamic
cultures of the past, as well as to create original Islamic geometric
patterns that are wholly in keeping with this great tradition.
http://www.bonner-design.com/geometric/

The Nature of Islamic Ornament: Geometric Patterns | Special ...

The Nature of Islamic Ornament: Geometric Patterns Islamic Art:
Overview | VegetalPatterns | Calligraphy | Figural Representation ...
www.metmuseum.org/toah/hd/geom/hd_geom.htm

Islamic Architecture - mosques & palaces.
ISLAMIC ART; CALLIGRAPHY; CARPETS; FLORAL PATTERNS; METALWORK;.
ISLAMICART & ARCHITECTURE ... 01 Islamic Patterns : An Analytical &
Cosmological Approach ...
www.islamicarchitecture.org

Carpets and kilims - All About Turkey
Therefore, Anatolian rugs form a branch of ethnic Turkish rugs. ... The
weaver then takes a piece of wool which corresponds with the pattern
and forms a ...
www.allaboutturkey.com/carpet.htm

The culture of Turkish carpets,culture of carpets,History,parts of ...
Turkish carpets devided into some category shown below. ... The
earliest patterns of Kulacarpets were either geometrical or composed
of highly stylised ...
www.bazaarturkey.com/classification.htm

Cinili Kösk Istanbul Photo Gallery by Dick Osseman at pbase.com
It is here that I fell in love with the great colours and beautiful
ornamentation of the best ofTurkish tiles, mosque lamps, plates et
cetera. ...
http://www.pbase.com/dosseman/cinili_kosk

SELJUK TILES AND CERAMICS
Turkish tiles and pottery from the 14th to 19th centuries have won ...
The cut pieces were placed, according to a design, in a mosaic-like
pattern http://www.byegm.gov.tr/yayinlarimiz/newspot/2001/jan_feb/n6.htm

Iznik Ceramics: Making a Ceramic Tile
Use a timeline of Turkish history to review key dates/ events. Show
examples of objects unique ... Tape tracing paper with design, on to
the ceramic tile. ...
http://inic.utexas.edu/menic/units/turkey_cyprus/barker/index.htm

http://www.kultur.gov.tr/portal/default_en.asp, Turkish Ministry of
Culture. Video titled, Circle Within the Square

REVIVAL OF ?ZN?K TILES AFTER 300 YEARS
?znik is located on the banks of the lake of the same name in the
province of Bursa in the northwestern part of Anatolia. In antiquity
it lay within the borders of the Bithynian region. One legend says
that the town was established on the return of the God Dionysus from
India. According to another legend, ?znik was colonized by the
soldiers who escorted Alexander the Great (356-323 B.C.) during his
conquests.
http://www.kulturturizm.gov.tr/portal/default_en.asp?belgeno=1598

The ?znik Foundation is composed of three entities: Vocational Center,
Tile- Ceramics Research Center and the Tile and Ceramics Atelier. It
also has a liaison office in

The art of Turkish tiles and ceramics occupies a place of prominence in
the history of Islamic art. Its roots can be traced at least as far
back as the Uighurs of the 8th and 9th centuries.
http://www.ottomanclassics.com/news/news_detail.asp?id=3

It is the first stage in, what is hoped, will become a National
Database of historic tile designs. Initially the web site will
concentrate on providing information about known decorative wall and
floor tile manufacturers and designers, together with images and
information about nineteenth and twentieth century tile designs from
the United Kingdom.
http://www.tessellations.org.uk/

http://www.artsmia.org/world-ceramics/chooser.html

I am particularly struck by the power of the hand painted Turkish tiles
from the 15th to 18th centuries.
http://www.candrews.com/tiles.htm
http://www.candrews.com/carpets.htm

The Art of Turkish Tiles and Ceramics
Tile mosaic is formed by pieces of tile cut to shapes to fit the
pattern ... To summarize, the art of Turkish tile and ceramic-making
developed over the ...
sanat.bilkent.edu.tr/interactive. m2.org/Handicraft/sitare1.htm

Count On
Islamic patterns as new tiles from old This is a common Islamic
pattern. ... Many Islamic patterns are "stellated". These star shaped
designs are often said ...
www.mathsyear2000.co.uk/explorer/ morphing/07islamictilings.shtml

Ian Alexander's Natural Patterns Library
Ian Alexander's Natural Patterns Library. Ian Alexander's Natural
Patterns Library. This site consists of many natural images with
visual and textual ...
easyweb.easynet.co.uk/~iany/patterns/islamic.htm

Islamic Patterns
Islamic law forbids human (or animal) figures in religious sites, and
so the primary forms of decoration have been floral patterns,
geometric shapes, ... personal.carthage.edu/jlochtefeld/
indiajterm/islamicart.html

Islamic Book Design
http://www.islbd.homestead.com/books.html
Description
Our goal is to provide publishers of Islamic books and journals with
graphic designs that are dynamic and contemporary but respectful of
traditional Islamic aesthetic.

Alhambra and General Life
http://www.red2000.com/spain/granada/alhamb.html
Description
The best conserved Arabian palace of its epoch

Traditional Hand-made Islamic Art & Calligraphy
http://www.ayatsandart.com/
Description
We offer a variety of unique and creative Islamic calligraphy on
various types of woods and stained glass. Each piece has an artistic
element of its own possessing its own character to enlighten any home,
office or prayer room.

A Galerry of Islamic Graphics and Art - Free downloads
http://www.geocities.com/savanaabdullah/islamic_wallpapers.htm
Description
Free download graphics, islamic wallpapers, Msn messenger display and
avatars. The images are in good resolution. Alhamdulillah...

New Book from Lund Humphries: \'Bright Flowers. Textiles and Ceramics
of Central Asia\'
http://www.lundhumphries.com/pages/single/11892.html/
Description
\'Bright Flowers\' reveals, in many cases for the first time in
published form, some of the spectacular and colourful embroidered
textiles and glazed ceramics of Central Asia. It provides a
fascinating insight into the material culture and peoples of an area
which is becoming increasingly well- known to outsiders. Price: £32.50,
ISBN: 0 85331 912 X

Amazon.com: Symmetries of Islamic Geometrical Patterns: Books: SJ
Abas,Amer Shaker Salman,Ahmed Moustafa by SJ Abas,Amer Shaker
Salman,Ahmed Moustafa. www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/
tg/detail/-/9810217048?v=glance - 118k -

IslamiCity.com - Bazar
150 color and black-and-white drawings of Islamic patterns. ... "A
masterly exposition ofIslamic pattern and the underlying cosmological
principles." ...
www.islamicity.com/rd.asp?s=03054-2021

Henna patterns based on Tunisian folk art. ... Tuareg Patterns ·
Amazigh (Berber) Patterns · Afghani Patterns · Turkish Patterns ·
Persian Patterns
http://www.hennapage.com/henna/what/lineart1/lineart08.html


Baytulhabeeb
http://www.people.umass.edu/mja
Description
Classic Arabic/Islamic calligraphy and Painting

Mecca2Medina
http://www.mecca2medina.com/
Mecca2Medina is a UK based Islamic Hip Hop and Reggae group, the group
produce instrumental and Non-instrumental music. Our aims are to inform
Muslims and Non-Muslims of the beauty of Islam and how it interacts in
our lives daily, we also attempt to address issues that affect our
communities Muslims and Non-Muslims. We are not a political
organisation, and do not belong to any groups, the work we do is
essentially for Dawah purposes, and also for the creation of positive
entertainment for our young Muslim brothers and sisters distracted by
mainstream media.

Meem Music
http://www.meem.info/
Description
Producers and distributors of fine Islamic audio. Record label for some
of the freshest Nasheed artists in the West.

soundofislam
URL
http://www.soundofislam.co.uk/
Description
islamic multimedia

Turkish Music, Turkish Food, Turkish Movies, Turkish Grocery ...
More than 30000 Turkish books, 5000 Turkish music titles, Turkish food
items ... less oriental in colour and pattern as the distance from
Turkey increases. ...
www.tulumba.com/


TULIPS
history
http://bell.lib.umn.edu/Products/tulips.html

The Tulip
According to Persian legend, the first tulips sprang up from the drops
of blood shed by a lover and for a long time the tulip was the symbol
of avowed love. ...
www.sfheart.com/tulip.html

The story of the tulip
The tulip, symbol of Holland. But did you know that this flower has its
roots in the mountains of Kazakhstan? Even in Holland most people do
not know that ...
www.wild-natures.com/tulip.html

The Holland Ring - Tulips
For the rich and the famous the tulip was a status symbol. The
popularity of the tulip soared and soon the demand skyrocketed. In
1636, people started using ...
www.thehollandring.com/tulpen.shtml

tulip: Definition and Much More From Answers.com
The tulip is the national flower of Iran and Turkey, and tulip motifs
feature prominently in Persian and Turkish folk arts. The European name
for the flower ...
www.answers.com/topic/tulip

Iran - Flag
... the national emblem (a stylized representation of the word Allah in
the shape of a tulip, asymbol of martyrdom) in red is centered in the
white band; ...
www.classbrain.com/art_cr/publish/iran_flag.shtml

The Tulip
Title: The Tulip: A Symbol of Two Nations Author: exhibition catalogue
Subject: 1993 Istanbul exhibition catalogue tracing both the Dutch and
Turkish ...
hollychase.igc.org/thetulip.html

Symbolism of Flowers or, the Language of Flowers
Phlox - Symbol of sweet dreams and implies a proposal of marriage. ...
energy; Tulip - in Persia the tulip is the symbol of love; Violet -
Modesty ...
www.santacruzpl.org/readyref/files/d-f/flowsym.shtm

Also in the Turkish history Tulip played an interesting role. The
period in our history between 1718-1730 is called as the "Tulip Era",
under the reign of sultan Ahmed III. This period is also expressed as
an era of peace and enjoyment. Tulips became and important style of
life within the arts, folklore and the daily life. Many embroidery and
textile clothing handmade bywoman, carpets, tiles, miniatures etc. had
tulip designs or shapes, large tulip gardens around the Golden Horn
were frequented by upscale people, and so on. Also, the first printing
house was founded by Ibrahim Müteferrika in Istanbul. The Tulip Era
was brought to an end after the Patrona Halil revolt in 1730, ending
with the de-thronation of the Sultan.
http://www.allaboutturkey.com/tulip.htm

April 18, 2007

Dijital Pasaj

Digital Studio students are in-process on a new project called Dijital Pasaj, (Turkish for Digital Passageway.) Each student chose a site in Duluth to document + transform into a short digital narrative, imitating the technique of rotoscoping as a unifying visual style. Inspiration for this project comes from contemporary films which use digital paint to animate live action photography. (see: Waking Life)

view images from our process here:
http://www.d.umn.edu/~jrock2/pasaj_process/

This project is collaborative and explores the idea of random access in digital media. By random access, we mean: a digital experience that offers the visitor ways to navigate through it randomly, at their own pace and order. This opportunity is commonly found on websites, which do not demand we navigate sequentially. Our class is devising an online experience that will allow students on the other side of the globe to visit our unique version of Duluth Minnesota. Visual artifacts will lead to specific locations in our city. Visitors to the site will be able to move through this digital environment, accessing images and short quicktime movies that offer a personal vision of life here. Students are investigating digital formats very common to their experience : video game interfaces, websites and dvds. All of these represent some form of random access, and offer new levels of customized choice to digital audiences.

web_dpack.jpg

interface design by Gen Johnsen + Ivana Savic

Dijital Pasaj Website... in process...coming soon at
http://www.d.umn.edu/~jrock2/dijital_pasaj/


fitgers_ben_luoma.jpg
Gig Night story by Ben Luoma

This interactive project is part of our exchange with Turkish students in Ankara, offering them a quirky view of our city. They will be able to access the website, clicking spots on the map interface to download the short Quicktime movies that take them on a tour of offbeat locations around town.

matt_ghost_ship.jpg
Lift Bridge story by Matt Mulliner


The Video + Animation + Games Symposium was hosted by UMD's VizLab in the Kirby Ballroom this past Friday. Students from our campus (and from the Duluth community) mingled with presenters from Minneapolis to share knowledge and enthusiasm for these digital media artforms.

dijital1.jpg

Interactive exhibits and “hands on? demonstrations were featured at the Video+Animation+Games Symposium, including a sound design experiment station, hands-on video production and filming techniques, demos by Apple, Maya and 3D Studio Max trainers, a game lounge, Kirby Game Room demos of Dance Dance Revolution, Halo, Fight Night and demos of student-made games. Noon keynote speaker Lane Raichert is a Minnesota native and creative and production veteran in the TV animation and computer game business.

I gave a presentation about our Dijital Pasaj project, and students from my classes demonstrated their work for interested viewers. Right now we have no department or academic major (that I am aware of at UMD) dedicated to Video + Animation + Games even though these art forms are so ubiquitous in contemporary culture. Our era won't be known for its great contribution to stained glass, or bronze sculpture or fresco painting...

So, we are opening our eyes and minds to the potential of new creative forms that are driven by innovations in digital technology and a public hungry for customizable gadgets and entertainment. Although we do not offer a major in game design or a class in animation, we do teach several classes at UMD where we try to integrate concepts from these disciplines into creative projects.

Thirteen Ways of Looking at a Blackbird


Graphic Design 1 students are asked to explore the poem, Thirteen Ways of Looking at a Blackbird, by Wallace Stevens. Students create a tiled format that expresses the images and ideas they discover in the poem. They are encouraged to work in strong black and white, abstracting imagery when possible, and emphasizing their use of positive and negative space relationships. This project serves as a warm up to the Rumi poetry project, which offers them more freedom.

Halime and Murat, Professors from Ankara Turkey were visiting our class as we worked on this project. We discussed the use of poetry as subject matter for expressive typographic and image works. Students exchanged personal interpretations of the text of the poem, and we discovered similarities and differences in how the poem may be experienced by readers from different cultures.

April 12, 2007

About this Blog

This blog provides a place for Art + Design students and faculty
at University of Minnesota Duluth to share projects with students and faculty
at Baskent University (Ankara, Turkey) as part of our Turkish American Alliance.

Digital Carpet Assignment

Students in Art 1013 : 2d Digital Design classes created their own digital carpet designs and animations using Adobe illustrator and photoshop software. Investigation of Turkish and Arabic decorative arts led to the development of motifs for border and field patterns based on symmetries evident in traditional carpet designs.

see: Math Forum
Symmetry + Pattern website
http://mathforum.org/geometry/rugs/symmetry/


miller.jpg
carpet by Michelle Miller

Students first developed their designs in black and white in illustrator.


Black and White Design by Amber Parker
parker_carpet_black.jpg


carpet border design by Chris Hagen

chagen_border.jpg

After the introduction of color theory, each rendered a final carpet design using a color harmony of their own choice using photoshop.
full color carpet design by Chris Hagen
carpet_full_hagen.jpg

Final carpets were printed in sections and tiled to large format. Students also tested simple animation techniques possible using photoshop and imageready software. These were combined with electronica/ world music in imovie to generate a danceable light show.


view more carpets in the online exhibit
http://www.d.umn.edu/art/tulip/

Click to online exhibit > digital carpets
to view carpet gallery

Click to online exhibit > digital carpets in motion
to view streaming QT movie of animated carpets


Mounting Tiled Project
work2.jpg


Class Critiques


Guests from Başkent University

Three guests from the Arts, Design and Architecture department at Başkent University, Halime Fişenk, Murat Devrim Atilgan, and Dr. Filiz Yenişehirlioğlu visited our campus in February 2007.

The guests met with faculty in Art and Design to discuss ongoing collaborative projects and future opportunities that may include an international education exchange. A public lecture was presented by Dr. Filiz Yenişehirlioğlu, dean, Faculty of Arts, Design and Architecture and an art historian, on the topic of “Ottoman Tiles and Ceramics.?

Halime Fişenk, instructor, graphic design is working with Steve Bardolph, assistant professor in graphic design, on a project intended to facilitate a study of two cultures by students at two different design schools, through typography. Murat Devrim Atilgan, instructor, graphic design, is working with Alison Aune, associate professor in Art Education and with Joellyn Rock, assistant professor in graphic design, on the project, “Patterns for Peace: The Tulip and Arabesque: An On-line Exhibition Inspired by Turkish Decorative Arts."

UMD students participating in this project are studying traditional Turkish decorative designs of theme and space. They are creating images using botanical and geometric patterns combined with the theme of peace. An on-line exhibition of the works produced showcases the results of the projects.

Halime Fişenk and Murat Devrim Atilgan, graphic design faculty from Başkent University (Ankara, Turkey) presented lectures on Typography and Graphic Design in Turkey to our students in the Tweed Museum.

murat_amber_halime.jpgHalime, Amber and Murat

These two professors visited with students in Art + Design classes during their week long visit to Duluth this February. They finished their lectures in the Tweed just in time for the blizzard to hit, shutting down the university and the city for several days...

Turkish American Alliance

This Project is part of the University of Minnesota Duluth
School of Fine Arts Turkish American Alliance