One of the most enduring tools to measure Hollywood's gender bias is a test originally promoted by cartoonist Alison Bechdel in a 1985 strip from her "Dykes To Watch Out For" series. Bechdel said that if a movie can satisfy three criteria -- there are at least two named women in the picture, they have a conversation with each other at some point, and that conversation isn't about a male character -- then it passes "The Rule," whereby female characters are allocated a bare minimum of depth...
Alison Bechdel's 1985 'The Rule' comicstrip
The Dollar-And-Cents Case Against Hollywood's Exclusion of Women
By WALT HICKEY