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Is In-Person or Online Instruction Better?

This is a question that has been asked and studied about for ages. Claudia Stanny from the University of West Florida provided a citation today in a "POD" listserv post to a meta-analysis of 40 years of research comparing online and face-to-face instruction.

But first, her summary:

"The bottom line is that the quality of pedagogy used trumps the medium. Engaging pedagogies produce superior learning outcomes to passive learning pedagogies. If the online class has the more engaging pedagogy, online learning is better. If these strategies characterize the face-to-face class, face-to-face instruction looks better."

Maki, R. H., & Maki, W. S. (2007). Online courses. In F. T. Durson (Ed.), Handbook of applied cognition (2nd ed.). Chichester: Wiley. (pp. 527-552)

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