The Strategy of Female Voice to be Unmarked, as oppose to chose the Visibility
What was the strategy used by some Spanish Women Writers?
In front of a weak position of the women inside society, writers such as Maria de Zayas choose both the stylistic and politic solution of dispersing her voice (KAMINSKY, P. 488), as a way to avoid being too visible. As Peggy Phelan points out about the risks of the so valued concept of visibility in thinking about the subaltern subject, â€śthere is an important difference between willfully failing to appear and never being summoned.â€? (In PHELAN, Peggy. Unmarked P. 11) In seems to me that de Zayas chose to failing in appear as conscious strategy that allowed her be read either by (especially) women and men.
Regarding with the last point, writers like Maria de Zayas and Ana Caro Mallen de Soto decide to hide them behind either other voices (de Zayasâ€™ case) or the use of male dressings (de Sotoâ€™s Leonor/Leonardo character in Valor, Agravio y Mujer). It seems that their discourse should be indirectly (veiled, cross-dressed, hidden) to be accepted by the patriarchal system.
It is terrifying to verify that the unequal historical relations between women and men are reflected in the fact that even had been women writers (and signing their works) since fifteenth century in Spain, only recently it has started to exist a Spanish womenâ€™s literary tradition. What is the role of the critic, say it, of the archive in the existence of such a verification. I suppose that this fact has changed thanks to the work of both feminist writers and critics.
At the same time, the fact those women worked in the edges and not the center compelled them to search alternative writing strategies. The cultural and historical prejudices were reflected directly in their literary choices, as well in the themes chosen by those women. For that reason I see quite coherent Weissbergâ€™s critic to scholars that donâ€™t consider the historical conditions surrounded Spanish Women Writers of that time.
De Zayasâ€™ concern upon women issues is also important to be pointed out. Despite the hard time she lived, de Zayas had a feminist position in defending female interests in front of male abuses. However, we should recall her lack of interest about both class and race issues. She was an aristocrat and this is a clear aspect in her defense of a given type of woman. (race, gender and class are complex issues in the way they mix together inside Latin American societies)