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Analysis: Pipeline protest

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In the Washington Post's article, "Pipeline protesters rally in Washington", the author structures the information in a way that provides the basic facts, but not in a traditional inverted pyramid format.

The author begins by stating the who, what, when and where elements of the story in the lead to get the most basic, important information to the reader immediately. The nut graph follows with details on the specific chants of the protesters, however, rather than detailing the specific qualms of the protesters or the purpose of the pipeline.

The story does include the reason the protesters were so passionate about the pipeline plans (they wanted the president to act on his promises from his inaugural speech), but this information does not come until the fifth paragraph. I would have moved that information up farther, along with a statement about what the specific purpose of the pipeline is. The story does finish with a strong kicker, however, in the form of a quote from a protester. The quote ties the goals of the protesters back in with the lead nicely by summarizing the reasons for their protest. Overall, the story has a strong beginning and ending for a news story format, but lacks a traditional organization pattern in the middle.

Analysis: Sourcing coffee enema couple

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ABC New's article "Couple addicted to coffee enemas, up to four times a day" combines the primary sources of the story with additional outside sources to cover the concept on a deeper level.

The author introduces and quotes the primary sources, the Florida couple Mike and Trina, from the second paragraph on in order to use their specific reasons behind their strange habit. All of their opinions and reasoning is attributed back to them (i.e. all paraphrased statements are still attributed to one of the two) so the audience knows the author is not embellishing an already abnormal ritual.The couple does, however, decline to give the author their last name and the author chose not to state why that is.

The article also sources TLC's TV show "My Strange Addiction" because they found the couple originally and the couple will be appearing on the season's premier.

Towards the second half of the article, the author brings in an additional professional outside source to comment on the health benefits, or lack thereof, of the coffee enemas. Dr. Roshini Rajapaksa provides a medical insight to the story that answers the reader's questions about whether or not the couple is right in believing their ritual has health benefits. By adding this source, the article becomes not just a report on a strange event, but a deeper look at the background and potential problems this habit could cause; it answers more of the readers' questions.

The author rounds out the story towards the end with more quotes from the couple on how their life is functioning now and what their future may look like, still constantly attributing their opinions to the people themselves so the author doesn't appear to be exaggerating.

Analysis: Gun control and the Super Bowl

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In the National Public Radio's article, "Gun control battle spills over to Super Bowl ads," the author uses a traditional hard-news lead to focus on the news-worthy elements of the story.

The lead includes the who, what and where of the story while the when, during the Super Bowl, is implied by the article's headline, then specified in the second paragraph. The most detailed items are the who, the Mayors Against Illegal Guns group founded by New York City Mayor Michael Bloomberg, and the what, an ad aired proposing background checks for all gun sales.

These two items are stated with such detail in the lead because they are the most news-worthy aspects of the story. They tell the reader what is most important and significant about this commercial when so many others are aired during the Super Bowl. This particular commercial is a response to the recent Sandy Hook Elementary shootings, an event very much still on the public's mind. By leading with a prominent public group known for being against illegal guns, then stating the content of the commercial, the author allows readers to get a taste of what the story will be focused on without getting into too much detail about why the ad was aired nor how the commercial was portrayed.

Both the how and why logistics of the ad are discussed later in the article when the author describes the ad, links to the video, and brings up the Sandy Hook shootings and President Barak Obama's political opinions of gun control. The traditional news lead gives the reader a sense of what is important about this Super Bowl ad and what is to come in the story without getting into too much detail about the contents and reasons for the ad.

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