Franklin, A. (project started 2012)
Individuals of varying cultures and diverse personalities participate in sport. Healthy participation is important to athletes at all levels of play, yet injuries frequently intrude. When injuries occur, most athletes are prescribed rehabilitation protocols to aid in recovery. These protocols are often performed in medical facilities under the supervision of health care providers such as certified athletic trainers (ATCs). Even in these supervised contexts, it is common for difficulties to occur with athlete adherence to rehabilitation (Cohen, Nordin, & Abrahamson, 2010). Personality and culture are among key individual differences factors that are hypothesized to moderate rehabilitation adherence (outlined in the well-established model of psychological response to sport injury, Wiese-Bjornstal, Smith, Shaffer, & Morrey, 1998). However, little research has been conducted on the specific role of these aspects in sports medicine settings. This dissertation project will begin to fill these gaps by taking a qualitative approach to understand how athlete personality (based on Big Five theoretical framework) and culture (specifically gender and race/ethnicity) affect the work of the ATC in improving rehabilitation adherence behavior. The purpose of this study is to explain how athletic trainers' (ATCs) knowledge of athletes' personalities and cultures provides insight into creating individualized rehabilitation environments that are conducive to adherence behavior. These variables have been largely overlooked or unrecognized, yet most likely affect adherence behavior in a sport injury rehabilitation context. Using a qualitative methodology will provide means of attaining depth of knowledge on a topic where breadth currently prevails.