Organizational Effectiveness

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What makes a sport organization effective? A recurring theme that I've seen throughout the chapter is that it is essential for sport organizations to be goal oriented. That is the first step that I see that makes organizations effective. It is important for all the different constituents of a sport organization to be on the same page and to frequently revisit these goals and/or mission statements. To be able to effectively manage a sport organization, the goals need to be made clear as do the relationships amongst these goals. The chapter highlighted two main reasons as to why goals are crucial in running a sports organization. The first being all sport organizations exist for a purpose. Second, goals provide a framework for those managing an organization that is consistent throughout different departments. This helps managers in decision making, in performance appraisal, it helps to reduce uncertainty, assists in directing and motivating employees, etc. As for effectiveness, the book defines it as "the extent to which an organization achieves its goals" (41). An organization that I have been a part of for three years now is the University of Minnesota basketball team and I have been able to observe how our coaches run and manage different things. For example, every year at the beginning of the year our team meets and we go over our team manual for the year. In it, is our programs mission statement and we read it, out loud, as a group every year. Throughout our season, we frequently revisit our mission statement along with our team and individual goals because sometimes we need to be reminded. A more specific example as to why it is important for sport organizations to revisit their goals, like on my team, is when players and/or coaches get caught up in themselves they often forget what our ultimate goal is. It's easy to get caught up in your own problems and since our season is so long, sometimes we need a reminder of what we are really striving for in the end. Our coaches, at the end of the year don't solely judge our success and progress on wins and losses, although it's a big part, it isn't the only aspect of our program that defines our effectiveness. They will look at the progress we made from one year to the next, for example. One last key ingredient to any sports organization is communication. It is so essential for things to run smoothly and effectively. Our coaches are in constant communication with one another, as are we with our coaches. -Kristen Dockery

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I agree that the goal attainment aspect is a great way to measure an organizations effectiveness, but there are also many other way to measure it as well. This is a big part of how to measure effectiveness, but there are other aspects that need to be taken into account before you even set goals, like leadership, communication and whether or not you can reach the goals that are in front of you. Just because you meet your goals does not mean that you are effective because you could have many other things that are failing, like communication between other employees along with maybe the leader not doing his job and taking too long to make decisions or treating people poorly. The people/employees could be completing their jobs, but they might not be happy with the way they had to complete the job, under certain conditions.