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When thinking about the environment of a sports organization, you have to realize that it's what influences the structure and processes of that organization.  More specifically, there are two types of environments in an organization, first, the General Environment, which includes the economic, demographic, political, technological, ecological, legal, and sociocultural sectors.  Second, there is the Task Environment, which according to Slack & Parent, is made up of those aspects of its general environment that can influence its ability to achieve its goals.  Those aspects typically include Customers/Members/Fans, Competitors, Athletes' groups/Staff, Regulatory Agencies, and Suppliers.  According to Slack & Parent, Duncan (1972) saw that the uncertainty of an organizations environment was influenced by two factors, the extent to which the environment was simple/complex, and the extent to which it was stable/dynamic.  Environmental Complexity is a large number of diverse elements interacting with or influencing the sport organization.  A simple organization has a small number of those elements.  The extent to which a sport organization's environment is stable/dynamic refers to the amount of change in those elements constituting it environment.  An organization having stability if 1, its demands on the organization are relatively consistent and dependable, and 2, these demands constantly come from very similar clients.  Dynamic environments on the other hand are characterized by rapid change, caused by any number of factors.
To control these uncertainties, organizations can either respond to the demands of their external environment, or they can attempt to change the nature of the external environment.