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Since the beginning of the semester when I developed my organizational effectiveness theory, I have learned many new concepts, theories, and ideas that have slightly changed my philosophy. My previous philosophy was based strongly on both the goal attainment approach as well as the internal processes approach. More specifically, I felt that the most crucial factor determining whether an organization is effective or not was its ability to maintain a high level of happiness and dedication throughout the entire organization. While I do still firmly believe that this is crucial to an effective organization, there are some more aspects of an organization that I feel have a strong impact on determining effectiveness as well.
The first of these impacts is leadership. Through our readings and discussion about leadership, I have realized the importance of strong leadership in an organization. An organization with poorly guided and negative leadership is a recipe for disaster. Learning about the research and theories of leadership styles has helped me reach the conclusion that leadership is one of the strongest contributors to organizational effectiveness. The reason I feel this way is based strongly on my past involvement in sport organizations. I have been involved with organizations that are lead by people I would classify as "good" leaders and as "bad" leaders. Not surprisingly, the organizations that have had great leadership have been extremely successful, and the organizations that had not so good leadership have either been very average or downright unsuccessful. Having a leader who is organized, influential, understanding, and knowledgeable is a key ingredient to organizational effectiveness.
The second thing I have realized is the importance of managing power and politics within an organization. To say one can manage a sport organization and not have to deal with power and politics is not realistic. Power and politics are prevalent in each and every sport organization, and they greatly influence an organization's ability to achieve their goals. Knowing this, I have realized that it is crucial to handle power and politics effectively within an organization in order to maintain organizational effectiveness. More specifically, I have come to realize that reducing individual sources of power and increasing organizational power is an effective combination. By reducing individual power, it will create a more strongly knit organization in which all members feel like they play a key role in, which results in increased motivation and attainment of goals. Increasing organizational power through building coalitions, making your product irreplaceable, or controlling information can give your sport organization a competitive advantage to remain organizationally effective.
In summary, I have learned many things in this course that have reinforced my original philosophy of organizational effectiveness, as well as a few things that have encouraged me to tweak my philosophy. I still am a firm believer of the importance of focusing on goal attainment and encouraging the happiness and wellbeing of all employees, but I also feel that two of the most important factors that need to be taken into account when building, changing, or managing a sport organization are the quality of leadership and the organization's ability to manage power and politics. The ability to successfully develop these two components into one's organizational strategies is what I consider a great start to an organization that will achieve sustained organizational effectiveness.