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Epidemiological Approach for Prevention and Control

Creating a Haddon’s Matrix and analyzing the interaction of behavior, environment, and policy is one way to identify preventive measures and research needs (Robertson, 2007).




Physical Environment

Social Environment


Alcohol and Drug Use; Attention span; Employee training; ability to swim; fatigue

Safety equipment available (life boats); condition of vessel during inspections; vehicle capacity; operating radios; flares; maps

Weather conditions; visibility; depth of water; warning signs; radios to contact US coast guards

Training programs offered for equipment use; safety regulations: use of life vests; proper inspections on vessel; Alcohol consumption laws


Human tolerance to water impact temperature tolerance (drowning/hypothermia); use of life jackets

Crash worthiness of the vessel; impact capacity; ability to reduce speed

Height of waves; depth of water; amount of impacts; integrity of vessel

Mandated use of safety equipment


Health status: Fatal or Non Fatal; Age of Occupant/Ability to recover and other Health issues

Ability of vessel to be repaired; burn-resistant features; placement of fuel tanks

Availability of effective and timely emergency response

Workmen's compensation; medical bills; support and medical rehabilitation services; Unions to support small scale fishing operations

• Employee Training and Safety Awareness (safety protocols and equipment use)
• Eliminate inexperienced workers
• Set reasonable work hours to reduce fatigue and inattention

• Inspections on a regular basis
• Maintenance of vessels
• Availability of safety equipment (life rafts and immersion suits)

Environmental/Social Factors:
• Watch for weather advisories
• Proper equipment (radios, maps)
• Emergency response plans
• Creation of unions for small scale operations
• Develop Safety Regulations to help decrease insurance costs