May 4, 2009

Conclusion & References

Although the prevalence of fatalities and injuries in occupational fishing operations are extremely high, compared to other occupations, there is hope. By looking at available data, and identifying problem areas, solutions and preventive methods can be put in place to help reduce risk factors.


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Dzugan, Jerry. (October 23-25, 2000). A port-based fishing safety instructor network, and the second follow-up study on its effects on fishing fatalities (1995-1999) in Alaska. International Fishing Industry Safety and Health Conference, p. 373-377.

Lincoln, Jennifer. (2008). CDC media briefing: Interview on commercial fishing fatalities. Retrieved April 20, 2009, from

Lincoln, J.M., Lucas, D.L., McKibbin, R. W., Woodward, C.C., & Bevan, J.E. (2008). Reducing commercial fishing deck hazards with engineering solutions for winch design. Journal of Safety Research, 39, p. 231-235.

Leyland Fields, Leslie. (2001). Out on the Deep Blue. St. Martin’s Press: New York.

McDonald, M.A., & Kucera, K.L. (2007). Understanding non-industrialized workers’ approaches to safety: How do commercial fishermen “stay safe”? Journal of Safety Research, 38, p. 289-297.

National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health. (2008). Commercial fishing safety. Retrieved February 23, 2009, from NIOSH Web site:

National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health [2]. (2008). Commercial fishing fatalities in Alaska: Public health summary. Retrieved February 23, 2009, from NIOSH Web site:

National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health. (2006). NIOSH fatal occupational injury cost fact sheet: Agriculture, forestry, and fishing. Retrieved April 24, 2009, from NIOSH Web site:

Redfield, Michael. (1971). Costs and Profitability in the Commercial Fishing Industry: The Insurance Dilemma. Division of Marine Resources, University of Washington, Seattle.

Robertson, Leon. (2007). Injury Epidemiology: Research and Control Strategies. Oxford University Press, Inc.: New York, New York.

Van Noy, Marlene. (1995). Toward a systematic approach to safety in the commercial fishing industry. Journal of Safety Research, 26(1), p. 19-29.

Waehrer, G., Leigh, P., Cassady, D., & Miller, T. (2004). Costs of occupational injury and illness across states. Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 46(10), p. 1084-1095.