Wikipedia's article List of transport topics gives a list of a variety of modes largely defined by their technology (are they powered by animals or engines, are the engines on the vehicle or is the vehicle powered by a cable, do the vehicles travel on land, sea, or water, etc. While this is a reasonably comprehensive list and a reasonable organization of the subject for wikipedia, it does not really get at the transportation aspect of modes, focusing instead on their mechanical aspects.
I propose a schema that classifies passenger modes according to how they operate, not how they are paid for or what technology is employed:
The key attributes are:
* Availability (can you travel on demand, is a vehicle easily hailed, or is a reservation required?),
* Accompaniment (can your party travel alone, or is the ride shared with others?),
* Fixity of route ends (are the origin and destination of the route fixed?),
* Fixity of route stops (are the stops fixed, or does the vehicle stop anywhere between the origin and destination?),
* Fixity of schedule (does the vehicle adhere to a schedule?),
* Driver (does the party drive itself or rely on others?).
In this way, we can see the similarity or differences of seemingly different or similar modes.
|One end fixed||Other||Variable||Variable||Airport Express, Hotel Van|
|Two ends fixed||Other||Variable||Variable||Jitney|
|Other||Fixed Stops||Variable||Elevator, People Mover|
|Other||Fixed Schedule||Rail, BRT|
|Own Party||Variable ends||Self||Limosine|
|Other||Car Share, Car Rental|