Traveler delay costs and value of time with trip chains, flexible activity scheduling and information

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Abstract: The delay costs of traffic disruptions and congestion and the value of travel time reliability are typically evaluated using single trip scheduling models, which treat the trip in isolation of previous and subsequent trips and activities. In practice, however, when activity scheduling to some extent is flexible, the impact of delay on one trip will depend on the actual and predicted travel time on itself as well as other trips, which is important to consider for long-lasting disturbances and when assessing the value of travel information. In this paper we extend the single trip approach into a two trips chain and activity scheduling model. Preferences are represented as marginal activity utility functions that take scheduling flexibility into account. We analytically derive trip timing optimality conditions, the value of travel time and schedule adjustments in response to travel time increases. We show how the single trip models are special cases of the present model and can be generalized to a setting with trip chains and flexible scheduling. We investigate numerically how the delay cost depends on the delay duration and its distribution on different trips during the day, the accuracy of delay prediction and travel information, and the scheduling flexibility of work hours. The extension of the model framework to more complex schedules is discussed.

Research highlights:


  • Extends single-trip modeling approach for value of reliability and delay costs.

  • Trip chain and activities model with scheduling flexibility.

  • Derives values of travel time and schedule adjustments in response to journey delay.

  • Shows single trip scheduling models are special cases.

  • Handles imperfect delay prediction, information and long-lasting disruptions.


Keywords:Congestion; Disruption; Delay cost; Reliability; Schedule; Value of time


David Levinson

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Assessing the Benefits and Costs of Intelligent Transportation Systems

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This page contains a single entry by David Levinson published on April 22, 2011 8:00 AM.

Access Minnesota | Fix It First – Changing the Way We Maintain & Pay For Highways was the previous entry in this blog.

Predictable Bicycle Tragedy Points to Need for New Street Priorities at University of Minnesota is the next entry in this blog.

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