Style Guide: the Bibliography
A bibliography allows readers to find your original source material.
Your bibliography should be a single list of references in alphabetical order by last name. The main elements are separated by periods and the largest body of work is italicized (generally this means book titles and journal names). Use logical, but consistent, variations for conditions not described here.
The extent of your bibliography and whether to use annotations should be discussed with your pre-thesis critic.
Single Author Last, First. Book Title. City: Press, year.
Two Authors Last, First and First Last. Book Title. City: Press, year.
Multiple Authors Last, First, First Last, First Last, and First Last. Book Title. City: Press, year.
Author with Translator Last, First. Book Title. Translated by First Last. City: Press, year.
Author with Editor Last, First. Book Title. Edited by First Last. City: Press, year.
Book Editor* Last, First, ed. Book Title. City: Press, year.
Chapter Author with Editor* Last, First. â€œChapter Title.â€? In Book Title, edited by First Last, page range. City: Press, year.
Professional Print Journal Last, First. â€œArticle Title.â€? Journal Name and Volume [, issue no.] (date): page range.
Magazine Last, First. â€œArticle Title.â€? Magazine, date.
Newspaper Last, First. â€œArticle Title.â€? Newspaper, date, section [, edition].
Informal Web sites Descriptive Web site information. Web section title, if appropriate. http://www.specific/webaddress.
Personal Interviews Last, First. Interview by the author [interviewer]. Date.
NOTES (see sample bibliography)
Online Sources Follow the relevant example substituting a URL for locator information (publisher, page numbers).
State Abbreviation Use a two-letter state abbreviation only for lesser-known city names.
Edition Number Include an edition number when relevant (non-italic, after the title).
Multiple Entries Multiple entries by the same author are indicated with a â€œ3-mâ€? dash.
No-name Authors Alphabetize and begin the entry with the institutional author (such as U.S. Congress) or, in the case of unknown authors, the title.
*Reference a book with chapter authors by its EDITOR if you used most or all of the book for your research.
Reference a book by its CHAPTER AUTHOR if you used only selected chapters for your research.