The NIH Public Access Policy has been signed into law and takes effect on April 7, 2008.. Here's what the law actually states:
The Director of the National Institutes of Health shall require that all investigators funded by the NIH submit or have submitted for them to the National Library of Medicine’s PubMed Central an electronic version of their final, peer-reviewed manuscripts upon acceptance for publication, to be made publicly available no later than 12 months after the official date of publication: Provided, That the NIH shall implement the public access policy in a manner consistent with copyright law.(In accordance with Division G, Title II, Section 218 of PL 110-161 (Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2008 ), the NIH voluntary Public Access Policy (NOT-OD-05-022) is now mandatory)
So, what does this mean for you? We've set up a website that outlines the key components to this new requirement at: http://www.lib.umn.edu/scholcom/NIHaccess.phtml
The University of Minnesota Libraries are working with SPA and other stakeholders to develop ways we can assist authors with compliance.
In the interim, feel free to contact me with any questions regarding the new mandate.