Internet: a large computer network linking smaller computer networks worldwide or an interconnected system of networks that connects computers around the world via the TCP/IP protocol.
World Wide Web: a system of extensively interlinked hypertext documents: a branch of the Internet. Abbreviation: WWW
Web server: A computer that is responsible for accepting HTTP requests from clients, which are known as Web browsers, and serving them HTTP responses along with optional data contents, which usually are Web pages such as HTML documents and linked objects (images, etc.).
Host: A web hosting service is a type of Internet hosting service that allows individuals and organizations to provide their own websites accessible via the World Wide Web
Web site: a connected group of pages on the World Wide Web regarded as a single entity, usually maintained by one person or organization and devoted to one single topic or several closely related topics.
Web browser: a program used to view HTML documents
Cache: RAM memory that is set aside as a specialized buffer storage that is continually updated; used to optimize data transfers between system elements with different characteristics
HTML: HyperText Markup Language: a set of standards, a variety of SGML, used to tag the elements of a hypertext document, the standard for documents on the World Wide Web.
XHTML: (XHTML) A reformulation of HTML 4.01 in XML. Being XML means that XHTML can be viewed, edited, and validated with standard XML tools. At the same time, it operates as well as or better than HTML 4 in existing HTML 4 conforming user agents.
XML: A metalanguage written in SGML that allows one to design a markup language, used to allow for the easy interchange of documents on the World Wide Web.
IP Address: The numerical sequence that serves as an identifier for an Internet server. An IP address appears as a series of four groups of numbers separated by dots. The first group is a number between 1 and 255 and the other groups are a number between 0 and 255, such as 18.104.22.168. Every server has it’s own unique address.
URL's: An Internet address (for example, http://www.hmco.com/trade/), usually consisting of the access protocol (http), the domain name (www.hmco.com), and optionally the path to a file or resource residing on that server (trade).
Domain name: A series of alphanumeric strings separated by periods, such as www.hmco.com, that is an address of a computer network connection and that identifies the owner of the address.
HTTP: hypertext transfer protocol: a protocol for transferring hypertext documents, the standard protocol for the World Wide Web.
FTP: File Transfer Protocol: a software protocol for exchanging information between computers over a network.
ISP: Internet service provider.
IPP: Internet Printing Protocol, an Internet protocol that allows universal solutions to users trying to print documents from the Internet.
Modem: an electronic device that makes possible the transmission of data to or from a computer via telephone or other communication lines.
Cable modem: A type of modem that allows people to access the Internet via their cable television service.
Ethernet: a type of networking technology for local area networks; coaxial cable carries radio frequency signals between computers at a rate of 10 megabits per second
Wireless: any system or device, as a cellular phone, for transmitting messages or signals by electromagnetic waves.
CSS: cascading style sheets
Blog: a shared on-line journal where people can post diary entries about their personal experiences and hobbies; "postings on a blog are usually in chronological order"
MP3: A file extension that encodes music into three layers for the compression of audio signals. Because MP3 files are relatively small, they can easily be transferred across the Internet.
JPEG: A standard algorithm for the compression of digital images, making it easier to store and transmit them.
GIF: A service mark used for a raster-based format for storing files of color graphics.
GUI: a software interface designed to standardize and simplify the use of computer programs, as by using a mouse to manipulate text and images on a display screen featuring icons, windows, and menus.
PHP: (PHP: Hypertext Preprocessor) is a reflective programming language originally designed for producing dynamic Web pages. PHP is used mainly in server-side application software, but can be used from a command line interface or in standalone graphical applications.