The Falkland Island Wars
The Falkland Islands were claimed by Argentina in the 19th Century; however, Great Britain seized control of the Islands in 1833. The Islands remained in Great Britain’s control for nearly one hundred and fifty years, but in 1982 Argentinean military lead by General Leopoldo Galtieri, invaded the islands. The Argentinean government was under attack by its citizens for mismanagement and human rights abuses. The government believed that by recovery of the islands would bring about a new patriotism among the population.
The invasion began on April 2nd, and by the end of April, Argentina had stationed approximately ten thousand troops in the Falklands. Great Britain declared the Falklands as a war zone and sent its own troops to reclaim the island. On May 2nd, the Argentinean submarine, General Belgrano, sank which killed 368 Argentineans (approximately half of Argentina’s total casualties). By June 14th, a large Argentine garrison was surrendered which marked the end of the war.
This war, although short lived, was historically important for Great Britain and Argentina. Great Britain, under the rule of Margaret Thatcher, had a great surge of nationalism following the war. Thatcher’s popularity also grew greatly. Argentina, as a result of the war, switched from its military government back to civilian rule.
By Greta Schmalle, Cody Smiglewski, Joe Masrua, Mike Compa and Rachel Packer
Falkland Islands War. (2007). In Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved November 29, 2007, from Encyclopædia Britannica Online: http://www.britannica.com/eb/article-9033636