02. Magnitude and Trends

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Age at injury:

Burns due to stove bursts mainly affect young adults. The mean age of males is 32.2 years and for females it is 24.4 years. 5

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(Adapted from Ahmad et al. Experience of Burn Injuries at the Pakistan Institute of Medical Science, Islamabad, Pakistan. Ann Burns Fire Disasters. 2007 Mar 31;20(1):7-10. Figure 1.)

Gender:

Male to female ratio was 1/1.18. 5

Occupation:

Housewives are most frequently affected. 5

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(Adapted from Ahmad et al. Experience of Burn Injuries at the Pakistan Institute of Medical Science, Islamabad, Pakistan. Ann Burns Fire Disasters. 2007 Mar 31;20(1):7-10. Figure 2.)

Mortality:

Fire-related mortality rates are especially high in South-East Asia (11.6 deaths per 100,000 population per year).6 This compares with much lower rates of 1.0 deaths per 100,000 population per year in high-income countries.6 This is one of the biggest differences for any injury mechanism.6

According to the WHO report Burn Prevention and Care (2008),

"Differences in burn mortality rates vary across different age groups and between the sexes. For instance, fire-related burns are the sixth leading cause of death among 5-14 year olds and the eighth leading cause death among 15-29 year olds from low and middle-income countries. In terms of the sex differences, women are usually at higher risk of burns than men, especially in the younger age groups: death from fires is the sixth leading cause of death among females aged 15-29 years. The highest rates of fire-related deaths are recorded in females from South-East Asia, where rates are estimated to be as high as 16.9 deaths per 100 000 population per year. Burns are one of the few injury mechanisms that have a higher death toll globally among women than men."6

Morbidity:

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Burns are also a principal cause of disability and disfigurement.6 According to the WHO Global Burden of Disease Study of 2002, "burns rank second for women as a cause of unintentional injury and in South East Asia, the burden among women is double that from road traffic injury."7 It is projected that fire-related burns account for 10 million Disability Adjusted Life Years (DALYs) lost internationally each year.6 This estimate also includes people with burn wound contractures and other physical impairments which limits their functional abilities and thus the possibility of leading normal and economically industrious lives. This estimate does not include the impacts of deformities, which frequently results in social stigma and restriction in participation in society which is more difficult to measure.6


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This page contains a single entry by mali0196 published on April 21, 2012 10:10 PM.

01. Injury Problem was the previous entry in this blog.

03. Types of Stoves Associated with Burn Injuries is the next entry in this blog.

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