Identifying statistics on the health outcome, cost and YPLL for vehicular violence is difficult to come by. In 1997, injuries (most of which are motor vehicle related) accounted for 20% more YPLL than cancer did (1,990 per 100,000 compared to 1,500 per 100,000, respectively) (USDHHS, 2010). Financial burdens for injuries related to motor vehicle violence can be determined, but has many limitations. For example, a zero tolerance for alcohol for drivers under the age of 21 yields a total benefit to society of $850 for a cost of $34 per driver (Child Safety Network, 2005). Mothers Against Drunk Driving estimated that alcohol-related crashes cost approximately $45 billion a year. In addition to the cost associated with the crash, survivors of alcohol-related crashes suffer an additional loss of $40.5 billion a year in quality of life (Newhouse, 1999). Other acts of vehicular violence (e.g. sexual assaults) are difficult to determine or extrapolate too.