Sitting and Standing
How can we keep a bus stop shelter warm and protect passengers from the elements while keeping it free from vagrants looking for a home. A bus stop shelter is usually assembled from 3 walls and a roof. The design is to protect people from outside conditions but to avoid creating a comfortable environment. Solutions to this have been offered in the way of heat lamps. Unfortunately they don't do a heck of a lot in a Minnesota winter with cold wind screaming by the shelters pulling warm air out. There are limitations to how these shelters can be situated, but an emphasis on placement could have a large impact. Perhaps even take some ideas from tents used in alpine climbing.
A similar concept is embodied by the seats in our lecture auditorium. They are designed to overcome the affects of gravity and of mass (student sitting) in a cost effective way. The design opposes form breakdown and therefore function breakdown which leads to costly expenditures. The wooden seats are molded into a semi uncomfortable shape which retains it shape and lasts much longer than a cushion seat. Solutions to this opposition could be the use of foam seats. Foam seats could be a middle ground between comfort and utility. They are more costly and prone to deterioration yet more pleasurable with the sitter.