According to Catcall records Riot Grrrl Liz Naylor to the NME in 1993, the article "Riot Grrrl," The thing about Riot Grrrl is that there is not one single manifesto." Riot Grrrls challenge the empowerment enforced through politics through writing, art, performance, characterization, and verbalization. As Karen Eng says in her article in the book "Bitch", "Why are we so scared to accept rejection? That in itself is an art. I would rather see the hate on my site than on the KKK site... I would rather all that racism pour out, and people who live in their own little bubble look at that and be completely shocked and wake up a little."
In the Article "Punk Rock Feminism Manifesto," The Spice Girls debuted in 1996 with a number one record hit which also marketed licensed products through Virgin records like dolls, clothing, shoes and jewelry. The group used marketing as a way to ensure a profit from the endeavor. Under the guise of the slogan "Girl Power" the rhetoric was idolized more than the idea of encouraging young girls to be empowered with creating their own individuality through "art, music, writing and culture." Contrary to this approach, Riot Girrrls wrote "Zines" which were small manifestos that put radical ideas out to the public in an effort to break the status quo. They want their voices to be heard loudly and clearly, and the greater the shock value, the more effective. They want to change stereotypes of feminism and violence and discrimination by boldly bring attention to them through resistance in creative and unique ways.
Riot Grrl writing was about creating and changing culture, and then remaking the culture into something that you wanted. The idea is that when someone tells you that you can't do it because you are a woman, to create a zine that defers and proves that idea wrong, and empowers you to go ahead and do it anyways! This approach led many feminist women into activism. It is assumed that we are the benefit of the "third wave" of this feminism movement, and that young women in the first movement are entwined with this new group. It is hoped that this has created change, a more open and accepting society for women of every walk of life. However, I wonder if this belief is powered by an incorrect assumption that our culture has changed and is any different from the first wave Riot Grrrls. Maybe that is what society wants us to believe so that the next wave of new feminist Riot Grrrls will not exist to continue creating and encouraging change?
It is said that "Zines create and document culture, girl rage, resistance and love (pg. 403 Riot Grrrl Writing)." I believe that the Zines do make an impact on the people who view them. However, there is a much larger population that they are not reaching. However, as in the history of the Spice Girls, merchandising is not necessarily the answer to expansion of the audience. "No rules and no censorship" is part of what makes the Zines impact stronger. In placing this freedom in a wider community censorship and freedom would have to be sacrificed. Maybe this new 3rd generation of Riot Grrrls can find creative and original ways to get the attention of those who write politics and laws that enforce the status quo of society.