We've spent the majority of our education being told everyone learns differently (which is true to a certain extent, as no two people think exactly alike) and that everyone has a different learning style. The three most common broad learning style categories are:
Visual, in which one prefers to learn through the use of cues they can see - for example, presentations with charts, colors and pictures as opposed to just text; these learners have the generalized reputation of sitting at the front of classrooms and benefiting from an instructor's body movement and hand gestures.
Auditory, in which one learns almost strictly by hearing; according to the common generalizations, their classroom seat doesn't matter so long as they can hear what's happening, and these learners benefit from reading aloud to themselves.
Tactile (or Kinesthetic), in which one learns through touch - these learners learn best by "doing," that is, participating in hands-on activities.
Though these are the most common categories, many "studies" have developed countless other learning style groupings with narrower definitions. This website (where you can also take a quiz to find out what kind of learner you are) suggests seven fundamental learning types.
But how reliable are the studies that provide evidence for these categories? As the Lilenfield text and this article suggest, little to no scientific evidence exists to support the claims that people are either entirely one type of learner or another, and studies have found that teaching to a student's specific learning style didn't result in any sort of enhanced learning. Furthermore, many studies conducted that yielded evidence for these supposed learning styles were not nearly controlled enough to be called scientific. Most of the tests are not reliable either, that is, they aren't consistent from study to study, and the fact that no one agrees 100% on the types of categories for learning styles is pretty suspicious if we're looking at this scientifically. The above article suggets also a method in which the studies would have had to be carried out to provide scientific evidence.
The learning styles myth is still prevalent today, despite having been debunked by several scientific studies. This website even suggests teachers of English as second language in foreign countries should be sure to cater to their students' unique learning styles by using a variety of teaching methods.
I know I've spent most of my life assuming I was a "visual learner" as they call it, though strangely enough, I've always benefited from hands-on learning as well, and in fact, I sometimes read aloud to myself just to emphasize what I'm reading. So really, I just have my own way of learning things, just like everyone else has theirs. Hopefully, learning styles will eventually become a thing of the past, just another silly popular psychology fad that everyone will laugh about years from now.