dangx111: November 2011 Archives

In lecture, Professor Simpson gave us two examples for determining the personality of patients. These two tests were the Thematic Apperception Test and the Rorschach test. But, these two tests aren't the only ones that determine the personality of a person. Another test that determines someone's personality is a test called Draw-A-Person Test (Draw-A-Person Test, History of Projective Testing). Created by Karen Machover in 1949 this test is usually tested on children to examine the range of their personality traits, whether it be aggressiveness to relationships with family.

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The child is first instructed to draw a picture of woman, man, and a picture of themselves. Once the child has finished drawing, the child is then asked to explain what they have drawn and why they have drawn it. Apart from the explanation the child gives, the administrator also analyzes the aspects of the drawing like the size of the head, arms, placement of body parts, and whether things are included or not included. Observing these aspects are believed to tell what is going on cognitively inside the child's mind and determine aspects of his/her personality.

There are a various versions of the Draw-A-Person test, including one that is on the iPad/itouch. The app is called Dr. Touch and it asks you, like an administrator asks a child, to draw something. Once you have finished your drawing, the app analyzes the drawing and gives you feedback on the analysis of your personality or gives you advice based upon your drawing.

You can see this app in the works here.

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Parents are a huge part of a child's life. However they act, whatever they say, anything that they do largely impacts a child's development from the moment they are born. According to psychologist Diana Baumrind's research, she found that there are four types of parenting styles (Parenting Styles in Psychology, Brittany Olivarez). Through naturalistic observation, parenting interviews, and other research methods, Baumrind identified the following four parenting styles:

  • Authoritative: democratic style of parenting, parents are attentive, forgiving, teach their offspring proper behavior, have a set of rules, and if child fails to follow their is punishment, if followed their is reward/reinforcement

  • Authoritarian: strict parenting style, involves high expectations from parents but have little communication between child and parents. Parents don't provide logical reasoning for rules and limits, and are prone to harsh punishments
  • Permissive: parents take on the role of "friends" rather than parents, do not have any expectations of child, they allow the child to make their own decisions
  • Uninvolved: parents neglect their child by putting their own life before the child's. They do provide for the child's basic needs but they show little interaction with the child

Each of these different parenting styles impacts and influences the development of child. Through Baumrind's observations she found that the most ideal and balanced style that leads to the child being mature, independent, and socially responsible is the Authoritative style (Parenting Styles in Psychology,Olivarez) Baumrind also found that the style commonly leads to children becoming delinquents is the Uninvolved style because of the lack of parenting, affection, and care from the parent leads the child to act out badly for attention (Parenting Styles in Psychology, Olivarez).

Parenting is a large impact in a child's life and development. Most families have a blend of two or more of these parenting types because the mother and father tend to differ when it comes to parenting a child. What we know is that a healthy development leads a child to succeed not only in developing as a person but building a stronger bond to their parents.

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This page is an archive of recent entries written by dangx111 in November 2011.

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