gron0167: November 2011 Archives

The Big Five

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In the Lilienfeld text in Chapter 14, we are introduced to the Big Five. The Big Five, according to the Lilienfeld text is, five traits that have surfaced repeatedly in factor analyses of personality measures. The Big Five were uncovered using a lexical approach to personality, which proposes that the most crucial features of human personality are embedded in our language. According to Paul Costa, Robert McCrae, and their collaborators there are five dimensions to the Big Five. Openness to Experience- people tend to be intellectually curious and unconventional. Conscientiousness- people tend to be careful and responsible. Extraversion- people tend to be social and lively. Agreeableness- people tend to be sociable and easy to get along with. Neuroticism- people tend to be tense and moody. I feel that the Big Five is important because you can use it to describe a lot of different factors about a person and not just one single trait. For me, I scored really high as an extrovert and with conscientiousness. I am a super organized person and make sure to be very careful and take my time until everything is perfect. I am in a sorority so being an extrovert is a great trait to have because you are constantly meeting other people and having to be social at events. I wonder how accurate these tests are and if people "cheat" on the test, so that their results come out to something that they wish they could be. How do we monitor that and make sure that the information is correct?
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Attachment Styles

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As a nanny, I have seen every type of kid imaginable. Every child is attached to their parent in a different way, and you need to know this before the parent actually leaves (this could cause some serious problems if you don't). Psychologists have come up with this classifying as "The Strange Situation." These procedure studies how the child is actually attached to their parents and they came up with four different types of classifications. The first one is secure attachment, this is when once the parent leaves the child is upset but when the parent returns they are joyus and happy again. The second is insecure-avoidant attachment. This is when the child shows indifference to the parent leaving and coming back (the type of kids I love to babysit!). Insecure-anxious attachment is another where the child starts to panic when the mother leaves and then showing mixed emotions when she returns(reaching for the parent yet squirming to get away after they are picked up). And finally disorganized attachment, they react inconsistently to their mothers departure and return and may seem confused. I think these stages are important to know as a parent, babysitter, sibling, family member and even friend. Knowing these will help with the process of the parent leaving and returning and could possibly help out a lot of people. These classifications really help me when I am babysitting because then I am prepared for what I need to do to make sure that child is very comfortable with the process. I wonder how children can possibly break these habits? I'm sure that most just grow out of it and get used to their parents leaving and they realize eventually they will return. But, what should you do if your child never grows out of this phase?
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This page is an archive of recent entries written by gron0167 in November 2011.

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