hans4300: November 2011 Archives

On the bottom page 333 of the Lilienfeld text, the authors' support the idea of IQ scores predicting life outcomes by looking at past president's IQ scores and their quality of leadership. Dean Keith Simonton estimated the IQ scores for all U.S. presidents through George W. Bush. For each president, there is a 10-20 point IQ range that estimates their IQ score. He then compared the estimated IQ scores to the quality of leadership for each president, and found a moderate correlation between the two statistics. The authors of the book then used this correlation to show that IQ scores predict life outcomes, but circular reasoning shows that this may not be a correlation at all.
lincoln.jpg
Because the actual IQ scores for all of the presidents are not known, Dean Keith Simonton would have to look at historical data in order to estimate them. He would have to look at accomplishments, decisions, and documents about each of the presidents. By looking at the things that each president did and said during their presidency, an IQ score was then estimated. He then compared the IQ to each president's "quality of leadership" and then found a correlation. This is actually not a correlation at all, because the same data and judgement that was used to predict each president's IQ was more than likely the same data and judgement that was used to judge their "quality of leadership".

President's Popularity Rankings

When looking at past president's popularity rankings, the findings are eerily similar to Simonton's IQ estimates. Unpopular presidents such as Warren Harding, the president at the beginning of the great depression, are both extremely low in popularity and rated as one of the least intelligent president's on Simonton's list. Presidents high in popularity, such as Lincoln and FDR, also have some of the highest IQ's on the list. Although IQ could be a strong indicator on popularity because they are both positive attributs, we don't know that for sure. When historians are the one's assigning IQ scores to presidents, it seems silly to prove a correlation by comparing it to a different historian's presidential rankings. President's IQ could be a strong indicator of their quality of leadership, but when we don't know their actual IQ scores, we cannot prove a correlation by using estimates.

A survey in 2009 suggested that kids who watch television shows such as Power Rangers, Ben 10, and Hannah Montana are forced to grow up too quickly. The survey questioned 3,000 parents about their children's behavior and the television shows that they regularly watch. The claims made from the results of the survey violate the scientific thinking method of causation versus correlation. Television shows such as Hannah Montana and Power Rangers do not necessarily force children to grow up quicker, but instead children who naturally grow up quicker may have more a more mature taste in television shows, so they choose to watch these programs. The children who seemed to grow up quicker could have been the effect of a third factor, and not the television shows that they watch.
The same survey also stated that shows such as Power Rangers and Ben 10 cause children to have nightmares. The survey observed that parents reported their children to have nightmares after watching such shows. Researcher Kathryn Crawford uses Occam's razor to prove this claim false. Children under the age of 7 experience elevated rates of nightmares, and that "all children suffer from nightmares at some point". This claim shows that children naturally experience nightmares when they are young, so the television shows do not necessarily cause them. Again using causation versus correlation you can see that a third factor, such as nature, may be the cause.

http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-1180830/Ben-10-Power-Rangers-cause-sevens-nightmares-survey-finds.html

About this Archive

This page is an archive of recent entries written by hans4300 in November 2011.

hans4300: October 2011 is the previous archive.

Find recent content on the main index or look in the archives to find all content.