hella068: October 2011 Archives

Bilingual Babies

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chinese_bilingual_baby_on_board.jpgWhile recently looking through articles online about studies involving language and psychology I came across a study that involved bilingual babies and if the brain is altered based on knowing one or two languages. The study involves analyzing infant's behavior based on where they turn their gazes and how long they pay attention to find out the infants perception of sound, words, and language. Also, they use this data to find out what is familiar or unfamiliar to the infant. However using these types of signals from the infants makes it very hard to replicate the experiment.

During the study they used this data to also discover if monolingual infants or bilingual infants had different developmental trajectories. The bilingual babies at six to nine months couldn't detect phonetic sounds in either language they were exposed to while monolingual babies could. However at ten to twelve months the monolingual babies could only recognize phonetic sounds in the language they were exposed to while bilingual babies could recognize them in both. These results make logical sense and very simple. This is an example of using Occam's razor.

At the end of the article it is discussed how being bilingual allows children to learn in a variety of ways and how they are prone to prefer certain languages based on ones that are similar to the ones they heard while in their mother's womb. These ideas are very similar to the ones discussed in the textbook. The textbook says that a certain language is typically dominant to a bilingual person which in this case would be the language heard by the child in the womb. To learn more about this study visit,

football.jpgIn a recent article in the Los Angeles Times Newspaper titled "There's no crying in football, or should there be?" it is discussed how if it is acceptable for men to cry. In the article it says that a study conducted surveyed 150 collegiate football athletes on whether crying was acceptable to them. The football players were given different scenarios about a character named Jack who cried or sobbed due to winning or losing a game. Those football players who viewed Jack's crying as acceptable had high self-esteem where as those who viewed Jack's crying as unacceptable had low self-esteem. Now if were to look at this study from the nature point of view it is surprising that the men who saw Jack's crying as okay had high self-esteem. Especially because society tells us that men shouldn't cry. Society stereotypes guys as being strong and people who don't show their emotions therefore as people who shouldn't cry. Now if one were to look at this study from the point of view of nurture it would make sense that guys who viewed Jack's crying, as okay had a higher self-esteem. They probably had a male figure in their life that cried and they think its okay therefore making their self-esteem high because they see it as being okay. It was also pointed out by Jesse Steinfeldt of Indiana University-Bloomington "that players who strive to be strong and are emotionally expressive are more likely to have a mental edge on and off the field." Even though this study shows that when men think its okay to cry they have a higher self-esteem doesn't mean society is going to be all to accepting of crying on the field. There are still football players and even coaches who get caught crying and are made fun of for crying. To read the full article check out this link, http://www.latimes.com/health/boostershots/la-heb-football-crying-20111003,0,5562647.story.

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