helle217: November 2011 Archives

Obedience

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Obedience
After a semester full of psychology concepts, I would consider myself luck if I remember half of them a year from now. The ones that will stick with me the most are the ones that were so crazy I could not believe them to be true. In chapter 13 of our textbooks, we read about the concept of obedience. It basically is when someone will go along with something simply because someone with authority is urging them to do so. An example we looked at in class was the Stanley Milgram Experiment. Participants were told to ask another participant a question. If the second participant answered the question incorrectly, they were shocked by the first participant. What was so crazy to me was the fact that the first participant went along with this, even when the one being shocked stopped responding. They could have been dead and that is terrifying to me. I will always remember this because I found it absolutely crazy that people would put that kind of pain on someone else just so they would not disobey authority. It also makes me think would I have gone along with that? It is scary what we will do in certain situations.

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The Big Five

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Something we discussed in lecture last week is The Big Five. The Big Five is five traits that make up a personality. The five traits are openness, conscientiousness, extraversion, agreeableness, and neuroticism.

Open people are often curious, such as Curious George.
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Conscientious people are careful like Hermione Granger.
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Extraverted people are very sociable like Will Smith.
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Agreeable people are easy to get along with like Ellen DeGeneres.
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Neurotic people are said to be tense and quite moody like Monica Gellar.
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These traits are often influenced my many aspects of culture such as individualism-collectivism and personality. People in individualism cultures determine their own behaviors because they work towards individual goals. People in collectivism cultures behaviors are determined by social norm because they work towards the goals of the group.
These traits can also determine what kind of job a person might be good at. For example, a person of high extraversion might be a good salesman or business person. They are social enough to get their point across. Shyer people would not be as good at confronting customers because they are strangers. Another example is agreeable people make good talk show hosts. Oprah is a good example of this. People tend to like her because she has the happiness and health of others in mind. She has good intentions. People like her and get along with her for these reasons.
One flaw in this system is there is no Big Five trait that deals with morality. Morality plays a big role in many peoples life and shapes who they are. Researchers admit the system is not perfect but is a pretty good idea of how personality traits affect us.

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The Mozart Effect

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In the Lilienfeld textbook, the Mozart Effect is discussed. The Mozart Effect is the idea that listening to classical music increases intelligence.

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The above image is of the cover of a CD sold for babies. The CD contains classical music. Notice the caption "From Playtime to Sleepytime." This suggests that the babies can listen to the music while playing or sleeping and the music will have the same effect to improve intelligence. According to the textbook, the Mozart Effect did not last long term. In tests, it was shown that it had short term effects but no long term. Without the long term effects, it does not help intelligence.
Also, parents tend to buy "Baby Einstein Toys." These toys are said to improve intelligence in babies but have no evidence to back them up. It is scientifically proven that children that participate in physically active activities have higher intelligence then those who watch videos such as "Baby Einstein." The reason for this is the children that are active experience the lessons first hand rather than watching someone else experiences them through a video. When someone experiences something on their own they are more likely to remember the lesson learned from it. For example, I read countless children books about kids falling and scraping their knees from tripping over their shoelaces. Until I experienced falling a scraping my knee after being too lazy to tie my shoelaces, I had learned no lesson. After my firsthand experience, I was always certain to tie my shoes.

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This page is an archive of recent entries written by helle217 in November 2011.

helle217: October 2011 is the previous archive.

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