swen0460: October 2011 Archives

Memory Illusions

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I found this link off of the internet. It talks about why humans use memory illusions or go through memory illusions in our everyday lives. The article does a pretty good job of explaining what memory illusions are and why we experience them without realizing it. Some memory illusions could be the fact that you thought or heard something that wasn't actually there. Psychologists have been able to trick people into thinking things that never happened to them, but the people they trick actually believe these events happened to them. Some people claim that they remember seeing Bugs Bunny at Walt Disney World. This would never be true because Bugs Bunny is a Warner Bros. character and not a Disney characterbugs bunny.jpg. Memories can be tricked and that is what memory illusions are. When a group of words are related to one specific item, odds are that someone listening to the group of words will claim that the related item about the group was part of the group when is actually wasn't. The reason why our brains go through this process is because it is trying to make the best sense of the world. Without this process, we would be totally clueless of what is going on and what we need to do. It would be very difficult to live our everyday lives. So some may find memory illusions to be tricky and often unfair, but without them, we would live a confusing and difficult life.

Gestalt'sprinciples

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Laurel Swendsen
Max Wertheimer, Wolfgang Kohler, and Kurt Koffka created the Gestalt's principles many years ago that allow us to perceive the world in many different ways. Many people do not understand Gestalt's basic principles in psychology. Also known as the "Law of Simplicity," Gestalt allows one to perceive the world in the simplest form. We visually and psychologically try to make some sort of order in the world where there tends to be chaos and uncertainty. This is a subconscious thing that we do and do not realize what we are doing. These are the way we group certain items. We group similar items together. This is called similarity. One groups these items together without realizing it. Proximity is when items tend to be grouped together even if they do not look the same or are the same. Closure is a subconscious aspect that allows one to see items as a whole. One may add an outline where one is not. When one continues objects beyond their ending point, this we can describe as continuity. Finally, symmetry allows one to see the world in perfect order and not out of balance. With all of these concepts, one can see the world more clearly and in a simple, less confusing way.

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