xiong323: October 2011 Archives

Misinformation Effect

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Misinformation effect is an event where fictitious memories are created from misleading information about the event after it has taken place. I believe this concept is extremely important because this concept is frequently used people in the judicial system, persuasive speeches, and everyday conversations.
Throughout history lawyers and prosecutors have used the misinformation effect to implant fictitious memories to prosecute or acquit people. As shown by Elizabeth Loftus and John Palmer, by inserting different words in the phrase "About how fast were the cars going when they _____ each other?", such as hit, bumped, collided, or smashed; lawyer can create different assumptions and or memories by changing how they phrase their argument. Lawyers are not the only ones guilty from using this, government and influential groups have used this to spread fictitious propaganda about events past.
Personally I am a victim of the misinformation effect. Like many parents, my parents have used the misinformation effect to scare the crap out of me or influence me to do things. They would recreate elaborate stories to convince us not play in the dark, swim in the lake; hang out with friends, etc. They would tell us stories about people who drown because their friends "pushed" them in or by use other fancy words when it was merely an accident. As a result, majority of my siblings, including me, do not know how to swim.

Sleep Paralysis

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Sleep Paralysis the condition when you are unable to move after you have fallen asleep or upon waking up. Also, hallucination and severe sense of dangers are may also occur alongside this condition. This condition is a sign that our bodies are not progressing smoothly though the stages of sleep causing brief paralysis of partial or the entire skeletal muscle system. Factors which may increase the probability of experiencing sleep paralysis include: sleeping in the upward position, if there has been sudden changes in our lives or environment, stress, lack of sleep, and experiencing lucid dreams proceeding afterwards.
I believe this concept is important and extremely interesting, because it has happened to many people including 33-50% of college students and 20% to 60% of people worldwide have stated they have experienced this, excluding myself. In my culture, we believe this phenomenon occurs when a spirit, preferably evil comes and squishes us during our most vulnerable state. My father who has experienced this phenomenon stated it was my step-uncle who has passed away recently when it occurred. Where in other cultures, as in Newfoundland where they believe an "Old Hag", a witch would sit on their chest.
My question: "Is it possible that a spirit or ghost was the one behind this phenomenon?" By the principles of critical thinking it can't, because it violates the six principles: Correlation vs. Causation, Falsifiability, Reliability, and Extraordinary claims; but by any chance even 1% that it is because of a ghost?

Sleep Paralysis With David Hufford

The Anatomy of a Male Brain

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http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/42922879/ns/health-mens_health/t/men-ponder-food-sleep-much-sex/

http://www.snopes.com/science/stats/thinksex.asp

Male Brain


Hoax/Claim: "On average, men think about sex every seven seconds"

For decades, there has been a misconception that men think about sex every seven seconds. As in the movie "Mars Needs Moms" men are viewed as overly physically emotional animal that care nothing more than physical interactions. This belief became prevalent because it was widely believed that men are more sexually motivated than women, which can be concluded from years of marriage. This claim is false supported scientific evidence. According to Kinsey Institute's FAQ, "54% of men think about sex several times a day, 43% a few times per week/month, and 4% less than once a month." Research like these hold very little reliability since it asked participants to backtrack and see how many times they remember they thought about sex.
Terri Fisher, Ohio State University, Mayfield psychologist conducted a study composed of both men and women, using clickers to track the number of sexual thoughts experienced. After conducting the experiment the results ranged from 1 to 388 sexual thoughts per day for men. Although 388 seems a lot, but applying the arithmetic 388/day is much less than sexual thought per 7 seconds (12342 times a day). This study is more reliable than Kinsey Institute's report like many others who relied backtracking and remembering the amount of sexual thoughts experienced by the participant.
Men do not think about sex every seven seconds, as proven by many research studies like the one conducted by fisher and Kinsey Institute. Although men are sexually motivated than women it cannot be correlated to the amount of sexual thoughts experienced by men or women. There are many factors/variable that influence the amount of experiences by the participant such as emotional and environmental factors. In these studies, it has shown women are influenced more by the social acceptability which may cause them to admit having sexual thoughts less.

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This page is an archive of recent entries written by xiong323 in October 2011.

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