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Freud's psychoanalytic theory of personality is a very important theory because it differs from all other personality theories. The psychoanalytic theory is based on three main assumptions: psychic determination, symbolic meaning, and unconscious motivation. Psychic determination is the assumption that all psychological events have a cause. I am a strong believer in that everything happens for a reason, so I think this is a very important part of the concept. There really is a cause for everything that happens even if we don't know it at the time of the event. The second assumption, symbolic meaning, is that no action, no matter how seemingly trivial, is meaningless. This also supports the idea that everything happens for a reason. There really is a connection and deeper meaning to every action or event that happens in a person's life. A lot of people don't take the time to analyze these events, so they don't realize it. The third assumption, unconscious motivation, is that most of the things that we do is done by the unconscious part of our personality. We do not have explanations for a lot of the things that we do and that is because of our unconscious. Freud argued that the unconscious is of a lot greater importance in the causes of our personality than the conscious. I think that everyone can use Freud's psychoanalytic theory in everyday life by using the three assumptions to analyze people's behavior that they don't understand. If someone thinks that some event or action is meaningless, taking the time to analyze the situation could result in a deeper meaning for the reason and better help someone understand. I do wonder how every single action can be a symbol for something, such as brushing one's hair, because there are things that we do that I feel have no deeper meaning, but I will trust Freud on that.

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We have all heard the rumor that men, on average, think about sex every seven seconds. You may have heard different amounts, but the fact of the matter is that this is this is not a scientifically proven statement. Kinsey Institutes reported a study that shows that 54% of men think about sex every day or several times a day, this is just slightly more than half of the men population, so not every man. In a study done by Ohio State University, men ranging from 18-25 years old thought about sex, on average, 19 times a day. It is believed that men think about sex more than women because they are physically wired to be more sexually motivated. This is a difficult study to conduct because in the Ohio State study, men ranged from thinking about sex once a day to 388 times a day! That is a huge range, and it was based on the age group that is most sexually driven. Overall, the thought that men think about sex every seven seconds is not scientifically proven, meaning this claim is falsifiable. male_brain.gif

What's on your mind?

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We have all heard the rumor that men, on average, think about sex every seven seconds. You may have heard different amounts, but the fact of the matter is that this is this is not a scientifically proven statement. Kinsey Institutes reported a study that shows that 54% of men think about sex every day or several times a day, this is just slightly more than half of the men population, so not every man. In a study done by Ohio State University, men ranging from 18-25 years old thought about sex, on average, 19 times a day. It is believed that men think about sex more than women because they are physically wired to be more sexually motivated. This is a difficult study to conduct because in the Ohio State study, men ranged from thinking about sex once a day to 388 times a day! That is a huge range, and it was based on the age group that is most sexually driven. Overall, the thought that men think about sex every seven seconds is not scientifically proven, meaning this claim is falsifiable. male_brain.gif

What's on your mind?

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We have all heard the rumor that men, on average, think about sex every seven seconds. You may have heard different amounts, but the fact of the matter is that this is this is not a scientifically proven statement. Kinsey Institutes reported a study that shows that 54% of men think about sex every day or several times a day, this is just slightly more than half of the men population, so not every man. In a study done by Ohio State University, men ranging from 18-25 years old thought about sex, on average, 19 times a day. It is believed that men think about sex more than women because they are physically wired to be more sexually motivated. This is a difficult study to conduct because in the Ohio State study, men ranged from thinking about sex once a day to 388 times a day! That is a huge range, and it was based on the age group that is most sexually driven. Overall, the thought that men think about sex every seven seconds is not scientifically proven, meaning this claim is falsifiable. male_brain.gif

What's on your mind?

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We have all heard the rumor that men, on average, think about sex every seven seconds. You may have heard different amounts, but the fact of the matter is that this is this is not a scientifically proven statement. Kinsey Institutes reported a study that shows that 54% of men think about sex every day or several times a day, this is just slightly more than half of the men population, so not every man. In a study done by Ohio State University, men ranging from 18-25 years old thought about sex, on average, 19 times a day. It is believed that men think about sex more than women because they are physically wired to be more sexually motivated. This is a difficult study to conduct because in the Ohio State study, men ranged from thinking about sex once a day to 388 times a day! That is a huge range, and it was based on the age group that is most sexually driven. Overall, the thought that men think about sex every seven seconds is not scientifically proven, meaning this claim is falsifiable. male_brain.gif

What's on your mind?

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Vote 0 Votes

We have all heard the rumor that men, on average, think about sex every seven seconds. You may have heard different amounts, but the fact of the matter is that this is this is not a scientifically proven statement. Kinsey Institutes reported a study that shows that 54% of men think about sex every day or several times a day, this is just slightly more than half of the men population, so not every man. In a study done by Ohio State University, men ranging from 18-25 years old thought about sex, on average, 19 times a day. It is believed that men think about sex more than women because they are physically wired to be more sexually motivated. This is a difficult study to conduct because in the Ohio State study, men ranged from thinking about sex once a day to 388 times a day! That is a huge range, and it was based on the age group that is most sexually driven. Overall, the thought that men think about sex every seven seconds is not scientifically proven, meaning this claim is falsifiable. male_brain.gif

What's on your mind?

user-pic
Vote 0 Votes

We have all heard the rumor that men, on average, think about sex every seven seconds. You may have heard different amounts, but the fact of the matter is that this is this is not a scientifically proven statement. Kinsey Institutes reported a study that shows that 54% of men think about sex every day or several times a day, this is just slightly more than half of the men population, so not every man. In a study done by Ohio State University, men ranging from 18-25 years old thought about sex, on average, 19 times a day. It is believed that men think about sex more than women because they are physically wired to be more sexually motivated. This is a difficult study to conduct because in the Ohio State study, men ranged from thinking about sex once a day to 388 times a day! That is a huge range, and it was based on the age group that is most sexually driven. Overall, the thought that men think about sex every seven seconds is not scientifically proven, meaning this claim is falsifiable. male_brain.gif

What's on your mind?

user-pic
Vote 0 Votes

We have all heard the rumor that men, on average, think about sex every seven seconds. You may have heard different amounts, but the fact of the matter is that this is this is not a scientifically proven statement. Kinsey Institutes reported a study that shows that 54% of men think about sex every day or several times a day, this is just slightly more than half of the men population, so not every man. In a study done by Ohio State University, men ranging from 18-25 years old thought about sex, on average, 19 times a day. It is believed that men think about sex more than women because they are physically wired to be more sexually motivated. This is a difficult study to conduct because in the Ohio State study, men ranged from thinking about sex once a day to 388 times a day! That is a huge range, and it was based on the age group that is most sexually driven. Overall, the thought that men think about sex every seven seconds is not scientifically proven, meaning this claim is falsifiable. male_brain.gif

The P.T. Barnum effect refers to the tendency of people accepting misleading descriptions. The reason the P.T. Barnum effect is misleading is because it has high base rates, it can easily apply to a lot of people. The P.T. Barnum effect is important because it is widely used in popular psychology. It can lead people to believing that certain traits describe specific groups of people when they don't, it can lead to falsely accusing someone of a crime, etc... I was once prone to the P.T. Barnum effect when a palm reader was telling me about my future. She told me that I was going to have money, a house, and possibly kids. This can apply to many people, which led me to not believe it. I am still wondering if the government uses any type of strategies to accuse people such as the P.T. Barnum effect.

This video exemplifies how most of today's astrology isn't necessarily false, but not necessarily true, because of the high base rate descriptions the astrologers give to the clients.

Near the end of the video, we see that with the personality descriptions the people are given, they're very exited to receive it, and most of them claim that it describes them with high accuracy. What they didn't know, was that it described the mass murderer's horoscope, and it was matched up with their horoscopes. What can evaluate this particular claim is using occam's razor, and extra ordinary claims to evaluate this situation. We can see that their has to be an extraordinary claim for each one of the people who took the test who had the same personality traits as the mass murderer, and that there are simpler explanations to defining their personalities.
It is good to avoid such high base rates, because if we do, we'll be prone to pseudoscience, which is not a good way of evaluating things with a scientific mindset. Therefore, we can get unwanted causes such as believing we are someone who we aren't.

Sources:
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qPCsCiOqmXA
http://www.skepdic.com/barnum.html
http://www.psychoheresy-aware.org/barnum84.html

One of the most controversial TV characters on modern television has got to be Dexter Morgan from the TV show Dexter. The premise of the show is that Dexter is a blood spatter analyst who works for Miami Metro Homicide. He is a proud father and was even a great husband to a lovely wife for a while in the show. However, Dexter has a secret. When Dexter was three he was locked in a storage crate with his mother and a few other people who owed drug cartel money. They were made an example and he witnessed them all get brutally killed by a chainsaw. For the rest of his life Dexter could only feel things by killing them and so he became one of the longest running serial killers in America. At first glance the story makes perfect sense. Dexter witnesses trauma and suddenly his life becomes the product of a horrific incident. But regardless of how novel the story sounds it sounds almost identical to B.F. Skinner's theory of radical behaviorism. Radical behaviorists would love Dexter's story because it confirms what they believe, "...all of our actions are products of preexisting causal influences" as stated by the Lilienfeld text. They would whole-heartedly agree that Dexter has no free will when he kills people. He's simply been conditioned and that killing is all he can do. Especially since his horrific incident happened at such a young age and they believe the first few years of life are absolutely critical in adult development and that we can't change very much upon reaching adulthood. But with radical behaviorism and with Dexter, there are several challenges with them to critical thinking. Causal thinking does play a large role in how we act and behave. Nature wouldn't have endowed us with such huge cerebral cortexes if thinking and reasoning wasn't a large part of human existence.
Dexter

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