Writing 6: December 2011 Archives

5 Years from Now

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Over the course of this semester, there have obviously been a lot of things that I have learned about psychology that I didn't know before. Many of these things I quickly realized are very applicable to real-life situations. I am not going to be majoring in psychology, however taking this course was very stimulating and in my opinion one that is crucial for courses I will take in the future. I have learned to never take anything for what it is. Things such as correlation does not always equal causation, and many of the other scientific principles, are things that I will carry with me through the rest of my college years. It is something which is crucial to the process of critical thinking and analyzing data, information, etc. It is the one thing I will remember because it not only applies to psychology, but to every single other field out there right now. It is something that I believe every student should be aware of, so they don't just take everything as it is. As I learned this semester, analyzing things at a deeper level can provide a very different outcome.

What I will remember

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Five years from now, I think I will remember about analyzing psychological claims and not falling into the logical fallacies that our book discussed. I found this concept very interesting because people are pelted with new, intuitive psychological claims every day, and using the skills that the book has taught me, I think I will be able to better evaluate these claims as certifiable or not. Our books author does a great job of giving examples of each fallacy and why they should be knows so you don't get suckered into believing something that is untrue. I think that I will remember this because it will be very useful in my daily life, and could be used for other concepts that I come across as well. Overall, the book taught me to not take everything for its face value. To think through why something might be the way it is, and to realize that sometimes people make false claims to try and make a quick buck. By using these strategies, I can avoid the thinking that if something is on print or in a commercial, it must be true. Not to say that I thought that way before, but with these tools I feel that I am better equipped to deal with life and the claims that people will throw at me.

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Happiness

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http://images2.layoutsparks.com/1/65158/merry-christmas-joy-happiness.jpg

I think that, when it comes down to it, everyone wants one thing: happiness. Yes, you can say that people want money, power, love or freedom, but I think many people want these things because these things will make them happy--or at least people think that they will make them happy. Finding meaning and and success in life seems to make your life more enjoyable. So, if life is, in a way, a complicated pursuit of happiness, I think the section of the class on happiness, specifically, the part that reveals popular misconceptions and highlights truths of thing that make us, as people, happy, has the potential to be helpful. Rich people and people in California are not happy just because they have money or live on the west coast, and old people are not less happy than younger people. Things that do make people happier are: marriage, friendships, education, religion, political affiliation, exercise, gratitude and giving.

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Every day people say 'hello' to us with a radiant smile.But do you know he is really good to see you or he just simper?British scientists carried a large-scale online experiment so that to distinguish between a smile and a smirk.
People can log www.sciencefestival.co.uk and register with their name and age to participate in it.They would see many smiling pictures and find the fake one.The leader Pro.Weismann hope they can know which part of our expression can send us the information of smile.
In the past,psychologist believe that by checking the movement of the diaphragm and other parts of the body, it will be possible to see if a person is only pretending to laugh while also distinguishing different types of laughter such as derision and cynicism, Kimura said.( by Japanese professor Yoji Kimura )。Now they want to know more.

The thing that I will remember the most are the six principles of scientific thinking. Now that I learned them in class, they just keep showing up everywhere around me and in many different concepts. Whether in be in a different class or reading an article in the newspaper, I will be able to assess it by using these principles. Knowing these principles will help me to make better judgments and choose if something makes sense or not. The main one that I have seen so far is correlation vs causation. I have noticed that so many stories tend to lead toward correlation equally causation, but I now know how to be skeptical about these and pick out the real and fake ones. Psychology is used many times throughout the day and without the knowledge that I have learned in this course, I doubt I would even pick up or recognize it. Weeding through the facts to find the important parts will be an important part of having a job and dealing with conflicts later in life, so it is good to have a basis that you can go off of.

IQ and EQ.

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IQ and EQ, which one is more important? I think we all have different answers. IQ is good because it makes your smarter, while EQ makes you more sociable.
EQ - is a measure of your emotional intelligence, or your ability to use both your emotions and cognitive skills in your life.
IQ - a number used to express the apparent relative intelligence of a person that is the ratio multiplied by 100 of the mental age as reported on a standardized test to the chronological age.
See, if a person's IQ isn't a certain level (estimated to be around 90) then high EQ wouldn't even matter because it's highly unlikely that a person would have the wherewithal to use it effectively. Think about that.
As you advance in an organization, EQ plays an increasingly important in factor. But in most cases you would also need an MBA or higher, right? According to statistics you need an IQ of 100-120 to earn an advanced degree.

Everlasting love??

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There are many things that I have learned this semester that will stick with me well into the future. Knowledge about parenting (conditioning), child/brain development, etc, will all come in handy in the future. One thing that was not as heavily focused on, but I think it quite interesting and will definitely affect me into the future is the "triangular theory of love" by Sternberg. This theory states that there are three major elements to love: intimacy, passion, and commitment. Each of these parts of the triangular theory can create different types of relationships and can help people understand their relationships. By understanding the strengths and weaknesses of a relationship, couples can build stronger connections or alternatively realize their relationship is not working. This diagram shows the different types of love that can occur depending on which sides of the triangle are present in a relationship.
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I think that while other things we learned in class will certainly be useful in the future, I am definitely not planning on having kids within the next five years, but I do plan on continuing my current relationship, or alternatively creating new ones. Other ideas that I will also remember connected to this idea are passionate vs. compassionate love, the triangular theory of hate, and information about attraction.

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"The boyfriend"

The concept in psychology that I will remember five years from now would most definitely be the concept of sleep. Rather it be REM sleep or Non REM sleep, we live a large portion of our lives in sleep mode and it was truly interesting to learn about the type of things that can happen between the time we close our eyes to the opening of our eyes the next morning or before. Learning about sleep disorders like the sleep cycle, sleep apnea, sleep paralysis, sleep deprivation, sleep debt and sleepwalking was a huge treat. Because so many of us and our family or friends have sleeping disorders and sometimes don't understand the reason why these things are happening to them or their children, it was fun to learn about how these disorders happen and what to do to cope (for parents) and or treat. I have had the gift of leaning about sleeping disorders and the information that revolves around them, but usually you would need to visit a doctor or professional in order to gain this knowledge. I have bought the psychology book for a reasonable price and now hold the knowledge that a lot of others would have to pay a lot more money to gain. Having this information will be helpful throughout life. Thanks.

How ya feeling?

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5 years from now, if I was asked to recall something from my first semester class of my freshman year, which is Psychology 1001, I'm not going to lie. I will struggle. But one concept, will stay very vivid in my brain, for what i'm sure will be for even more than 5 years.

The Idea of Primary Emotions.

I'll give Mariah Carey props for her song, Emotions.
But maybe if she'd have taken Psych 1001,
she would have a few more things to sing about.

There are seven almost universally recognizable facial expressions that make up our primary emotions.

-Sadness
-Surprise
-Anger
-Fear
-Contempt
-Disgust

and of course, the most easily recognized emotion:

HAPPINESS!!!

I feel like this will be what I remember most because I am a very empathetic person. I strive in understanding how my family, friends and boyfriend are feeling. Being an empathetic person allows me to create many secondary emotions. These include harder feelings to interpret, such as hatred or anxiousness. Most importantly these secondary emotions include love!


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These emotions are even recognizable between Gophers & Badgers. ;)

Five years from now, I will remember the placebo and nocebo effect. I am majoring in neuroscience, and am very interested in learning about the biological reasons the effects take place. So five years from now, I hope to study such effects. I am really interested in studying these effects. For example, if someone who is allergic to flowers then smells a fake flower and starts having symptoms, then the nocebo effect has been established. I want to know why he or she would sneeze when smelling the flower. What biological processes undergo these situations? I would look back, and think that it started from my psychology course. I learned how to evaluate things with a more scientific approach, how to avoid popular psychology, and how to utilize my scientific principles more effectively to mostly everything. Five years from now, I will want to know if by knowing how the placebo effect works, if that will somehow change the outcome, and how it will work biologically. For example, If I listen to pieces by Chopin before practicing piano, I get more work done. I want to know that if I know how the placebo effect works, if then it will cancel out the effects of that, so that listening to Chopin before practicing piano, will be the same as not listening to Chopin. I will want to know the biological reasons. This will always remind me of Psychology.

Stress can kill (final)

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Stress

Stress is a survival mechanism that enables our ancestors to evolve. As college students all of us are prone to experience stresses thus chapter 12 Coping with Stress is especially useful. More importantly, the discussion on gaining control after experiencing stresses is even more applicable since final is approaching. The text looks at five different types of controls which included: behavioral, cognitive, decisional, informational and emotional control. In behavioral control individual utilizes a problem focused approach to minimize the impacts/ or prevent a stressful event from reoccurring. Personally, as a student I uses the behavioral control approach a lots because this give me a sense of control over the situation. Knowing that logging on to FaceBook and putting-off my assignments actually contributed to bad grade encourages me to set priorities. However, different circumstances calls for different approaches so cognitive control is another resource I lean toward. By changing my perspective on situations that are beyond my control I was able cop with the situation better. In additional varying my approaches also allows me to adapt to demanding circumstance. Thus decisional control, the ability to chose alternative action are effective means; informational control, ability to acquire information about a stressful event, and emotional control, ability to express and suppress emotions, are all handy. These approaches are helpful alone or in conjunction with each other.

In five years from now, something I'll remember from Psychology is the concept of emotional appeal in advertisements. I'm going into graphic design and marketing for a career, so knowing how to grab the attention of the viewer with an advertisement by using emotional appeal is important. This is the concept of classical conditioning discovered by Pavlov. By knowing about this concept, it helps graphic designers create advertisements for a product. I can use this knowledge to create certain emotions in a viewer to make them associate that knowledge with the product and then want to buy the product. Every time the person sees the product, they will think of or feel that emotion they now have associated with it because of the advertisement. This concept is so important because it's a great way for companies to create interest in a product by arousing the emotions.
Another thing from Psychology that I will remember in five years is the way that you can look at art and see the artist's emotions being expressed. Seeing that I'm going to be a graphic designer, I'm very interested in art as well. It can be very intriguing looking at artwork and being able to look into the artist's mind and thinking about what they could be feeling at the time they created the artwork. Art can give so much insight into someone's inner thoughts and reveal things that they feel that they didn't even know.

Stress can kill

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Stress is a survival mechanism that enables our ancestors to evolve. As college students all of us are prone to experience stresses thus chapter 12 Coping with Stress is especially useful. More importantly, the discussion on gaining control after experiencing stresses is even more applicable since final is approaching. The text looks at five different types of controls which included: behavioral, cognitive, decisional, informational and emotional control. In behavioral control individual utilizes a problem focused approach to minimize the impacts/ or prevent a stressful event from reoccurring. Personally, as a student I uses the behavioral control approach a lots because this give me a sense of control over the situation. Knowing that logging on to FaceBook and putting-off my assignments actually contributed to bad grade encourages me to set priorities. However, different circumstances calls for different approaches so cognitive control is another resource I lean toward. By changing my perspective on situations that are beyond my control I was able cop with the situation better. In additional varying my approaches also allows me to adapt to demanding circumstance. Thus decisional control, the ability to chose alternative action are effective means; informational control, ability to acquire information about a stressful event, and emotional control, ability to express and suppress emotions, are all handy. These approaches are helpful alone or in conjunction with each other.

Six Principles to Remember

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If there is one thing I will remember from psychology, it is the six principles of scientific thinking. Not because every single online quiz's first question involved them, or that they were drilled into our heads in lecture, but because of there practical use in everyday situations. Everyday there are commercials with products claiming to help you miraculously lose weight, clean any possible stain, and many other hopeless promises. It easy to believe these products do what the claim to, but many of them break the principals of scientific thinking. Take, for example, Weight Shield, a pill that claims to help you lose weight. First, one cannot draw conclusions that this pill is the causation that an individual loses weight. Although people have claimed to lose weight when taking this pill, it could be due to many different things such as dieting or working out. Second, we do not know that this product has yielded replicability. Although the infomercial has numerous individuals who have claimed to lose weight, we do not know for sure that they were ever using the product or if they were paid actors. Furthermore, no scientific study or experiment was ever conducted on the product. Finally, this claim requires extraordinary evidence that the infomercial does not provide. Whether it is ruling out rival hypotheses, correlation isn't causation, falsifiability, replicability, extraordinary claims require extraordinary evidence, or Occam's razor, many of these products fail to acknowledge at least one of the six scientific principals. If everyone used the six principles of scientific thinking I believe products like Weight Shield would be far less successful. By knowing these six principles I think I will be able to make smarter decisions both personally and finically.

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There are a lot of topics from psychology that will have an impact on my even five years from now. From causation vs. correlation, to nature vs. nurture the list goes on and on, but the most influential would be The Big Five Theory of Personality. I think this theory stands out to me more than any because any human interaction that a person has will be influenced by this theory. Every person has a very distinct combination of openness, conscientiousness, extraversion, agreeableness, and neuroticism. When interacting with people its beneficial to identify which of these traits are the strongest, or weakest, to interact as best as possible with people. If you can get a decent grasp on what a person's traits are, you can then take from that certain behavioral traits and how their culture has influenced them. It's important not to approach every single person the same way but to treat each person differently and respect differences in personality. As a result of how many times in a given time you interact with people I see myself applying this theory the most five years from now.

It's So Simple

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I can say with confidence that years from now many psychology principles will still spurred to everyday recollection. I'd say that the most influential is one of the simplest, Occam's razor. The simplest answer is probably correct. When I first learned about this in class I thought it was so obvious that it wasn't worth printing in a book. It is such a simple principle that Occam shouldn't be famous for it.
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Then as I was going through other coursework I started thinking about it as I answered questions, and I really do think it helps. Look for the simplest and most logical answer. Many times when you get fancy when looking for a solution and the process becomes complicated the answer you find is muddled and not likely to be correct. There is a sort of beauty to life in that way that I had never thought about until taking the time to really consider this principle. Now I consider it second nature to find the simplest answer, whether it's a chemistry problem or trying to figure out the guilty party in a crime show. It's funny how the things that you brush off as worthless can be so influential after a small amount of honest consideration.

Occam's Razor

Chunking and Rehearsal

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Chunking and Rehearsal

I was always astonished by our ability to recall perplexed amounts of information, when our short-term memory capacity is much less than what we're capable of memorizing. With a unique understanding of the psychological terms, chunking and rehearsal; I am now able to comprehend how our cultured mind is able to organize such information. These concepts deal with the techniques that allow a normal human being to memorize information into meaningful grouping, which allows us to extend the span of the short-term memory. Also, Rehearsal in which we repeat the information to extend the duration of retention in short-term memory is one of my favorite concepts. To cultivate this information into my life I have been memorizing the Holy Qur'an since I was ten-years-old and always wondered how our brain works to store this immense information. Then, I came to realize that it's through chunking and rehearsal that people remember and retain complicated information. I am currently practicing rehearsing and chunking verses the Qur'an to remember better. These two concepts have helped improve my memorization and I am looking forward to applying this to all of my future learning techniques.

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This video exemplifies how important chunking information is to help us remember things better and easier.
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wiYR4v2rGRE

As Time Goes By

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I have learned so many interesting facts in Psych 1001 that it is very hard to choose one particular piece of information that will stick out to me in the years to come. I believe that the most interesting thing I have learned thus far in psychology is the concept of IQ and the truth about how the tests work. (IQ Bell Curve) I realize that IQ is important but it isn't everything. IQ is a great predictor at how successful people will be, but only up to a point. There so many other factors that go into success its hard not to just to dismiss IQ outright but it does have a .5 correlational success which is very good for real world application. In the future I think that this will play an important role in how I view people because it does help bring people with high IQ's down to a more human level. Practice is what makes perfect not being born with an innate ability to do amazing things. For many students this is very comforting as it means we are not trapped inside of a number. Our will and our drive to accomplish great things will help us to do so. It is all of these concepts that made the greatest impact on me and I believe they will carry on with me well beyond the classroom.

In only one semester of Psychology I feel like I have learnt a rather large number of concepts and I know that however much I may hope to do so, I cannot remember all of them five years from now. I also know that it isn't really in my power to choose which concepts I will remember but right now I think I am most likely to remember the six principles of scientific thinking and the importance of applying them to everything.
These six principles (Correlation vs. Causation, Ruling out Rival Hypotheses, Falsifiability, Extraordinary claims, Occam's Razor and Replicability) were applied to several claims made by various individuals(or groups) throughout the course and they were used to prove that some studies and statistics which we think are reasoned out perfectly scientifically are actually just pseudoscience, or myths in other words.
One does not have to be involved in the field of psychology to find these principles useful. In my opinion, they seem to be perfectly applicable to many fairly common real world scenarios and if put to the proper use they can help us avoid unwanted prejudices and biases while also helping us to evaluate our beliefs. As such, I feel that they are important tools even outside the field of psychology.

Correlational designs and illusory correlations are terms that I believe I will remember five years from now. Correlational designs are used by psychologists to examine the degree to which two variables are associated. This can help psychologists rule out illusory correlations. According to the authors of Psychology: From Inquiry to Understanding, illusory correlations are the "perception of a statistical association between two variables where none exists." This can lead people to see relationships that they expect or hope to see.

As a student and constant learner, I will be thinking critically about the stimuli in which I perceive. Whether using these concepts in my daily life or in class, they will help me be an analytical person. The question of whether two variables are correlated with one another can be examined using these terms. I plan to study health, and using correlational designs, I would be able to look at the extent to which certain variables are associated to specific health risks. This would allow me to not only understand health in another way, but to make educated health decisions or advice for others that seek it. In contrast, illusory correlations would allow me to determine if said actions or foods are actually associated with health risks.
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Correlational designs and illusory correlations are concepts that will help me be a more analytical person. With my knowledge of these concepts I will have the tools to possibly avoid making false assumptions about correlations. It will stick with me on my journey as a student and hopefully remain a helpful tool throughout my lifetime.

personality

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Dawit Wage
Psychology writing assignment # 6
Date- 11/2/2011
Personality is distinctive, characteristic pattern of thought, emotion, and behavior that uniquely define an individual. Personality is not just who we are, it also how we are across time and situations. Consistency is one of the fundamental characteristics of personality that determine the unique individual behavior across time and conditions. As research conducted for more than two decades at University of Minnesota on both identical and fraternal twins reared apart was good evidence that a trait is more enduring predisposition that influences our behavior across many situations. For example in case of the identical twins Jack and Oskar were separated immediately after birth, raised in different states but still their personality is very similar in many situations. This finding suggests that the effect of genes on personality is much greater than shared environment. The shared environment plays little or no role in adult personality. In some cases like adoption studies, the adapted child personality still similar to his or her biological parents even if they live apart since birth. The adapted child personality is also similar with his or her adapted parents due to environmental influences. It would indicates that being raised together doesn't lead to much similarity in personality between parents and offspring. Sometimes families in the same parents grew up in the same home have different personality for example one is extraverted and the other is introverted in many situations. But still an average our personality is more correlated to our gene than shared environment.
The reason why I remember about personality in five years from now is, because the subject is very interesting that tells us who we are and how we are across time and situations. As in previous memory lesson, the information which is exciting tends to be better remembered than the information is uninteresting and ordinary. It is also easy to remember the big five personality traits as a meaningful word as OCEAN.
Source from Scott Lilienfeld and lecture notes identical twin.jpg

Remembering Psych 1001

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Over the course of this semester, we have looked at quite a few topics. Some things that we studied I had previously learned about in a my high school Psychology course but went into more depth about such as some of the sleep disorders and mental disorders while there were things that we did not cover such as the psychological study of learning and stress. Overall, I feel that there was a lot of information that I hope to retain.
One thing however that I think that I will stick with me throughout college and hopefully my life is the concept of correlation vs causation. Learning to think scientifically has really opened my mind to how things really are. I think the reason this concept will stick with me is because it is versatile and can be used outside of psychology. Although all of the scientific thinking methods are useful, I feel that this onewill really help me think clearly in life.
One example of this is I am currently writing a research paper for my writing class. As I read all sorts of scholarly articles, many end with statements such as "and we found that students who spend more time Facebook are poor students in the classroom." Now after taking this course, I feel the urge to want to point out the other side to the researcher by saying that maybe poor students in the classroom spend more time on Facebook because they don't do well in class. I think this helps me become a better student.
I think this concept will really help me in the future and will stick with me for a long time.The example below is just an article talking about how we use correlation vs causation no matter what we do in life.
http://www.dailyblogtips.com/causation-vs-correlation/

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Emotions In Five

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The psychology concept that I believe I will still remember and put to use in five years are the primary emotions. Everyone has seven primary emotions that are believed to be universally recognizable across multiple cultures. These seven primary emotions are happiness, disgust, sadness, fear, surprise, content, and anger. Happiness is believed to be the most easily identifiable emotion whereas emotions like disgust are the hardest. These seven emotions are extremely basic and when they are combined they form all other emotions. Everyone has an imbedded ability to distinguish these emotions no matter what gender, race, or age the person giving the emotions is.
Personally, being in a sorority has helped me a ton when it has come to recognizing the primary emotions. With there being over eighty members in it, being able to pick up on others' emotions is critical in keeping a house from having drama. When a girl walks into the house it helps when you're able to recognize her basic feelings and then being able to react accordingly. You want to celebrate with your sisters when they are happy and pick them up when they are sad. If you're oblivious to how everyone around you is feeling it could potentially lead to even more hurt feelings.


Why is it so hard to communicate with people from the past generation? Why do they make things so complicated and are so superstitious, especially Asian parents? Five years from now I will embark on a journey to find a gem, and I believe the concept I would remember most and valuable from psychology is "Nature vs. Nurture".
Like many of my colleagues in the future we plan to get married sometime in our lives. Personally I do not plan to get married until I am in my 30's or late 20's when I'm financially stable. Not too old, not too young right? Wrong, in my culture at that age if I am not hitched there is something seriously wrong with me.
Also, in my culture there are many restrictions about marriage, especially about whom I can and cannot marry. For example, the Hmong people are separated into 18 main clans and a few of them, which I do prefer not to name, are labeled as "unclean or cursed". For that reason, growing up my parents has told me not to get involved with them. Sometimes, to piss them off, I occasionally would reply "Okay, Mom/Dad I will date a white girl then," which sparks high tensions and long shot you down lectures about that matter. :P If you have not notice, most Asian American parents are quite racist when it comes to marriages. They will not say it in your face, they will give you're the stare and gossip about it behind your back.
This brings the matter of nature vs. nurture, five years or so I will have to use this concept to find the right person for me people are unique and influenced by both. To find the right companion, I believe everyone will benefit from this concept as many people do take from their parents not just genetically but psychologically too.

What I Hope to Remember

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Personally, I feel like this year in psychology 1001 I learned a lot of useful and interesting things that I will hopefully be able to remember for many years to come. However, if I had to choose one thing that I hope to remember the most, it would probably be the signs of pseudoscience, because even if I do not continue in a psychology field, I still want to be able to be a well-educated person. This will help me to make well informed decisions based on the information that I am given, and it will help me decipher what information is accurate and what I can believe.

All of this is good because then I won't make foolish mistakes bases on misinformation that I had been given, or false claims that I have been told. On top of that, I will be able to recognize articles that I read that are about valid research and claims.

Also, this brings me into the principal of heuristics, which I also hope to remember because I believe that these are important to keep in mind on a daily basis. This is because I think that we all need to understand how our reasoning works in order to makes the best decisions in our everyday life.

What will stick with me

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It is so easy to trust our own memories because we are the one experiencing them. We weren't just told that on September 11, 2001, the world trade center towers were bombed; we were a part of the country that grieved the loss of too many. But too easily our memories can be altered or distorted by others or time. Memories that have so much emotional significance that they are automatically encoded, don't need to be repeated over and over again. There fore when telling the story we may fumble on a few detials, and then those details become confused with the real story. Other times, people can implant false memories such as in the study were researchers convinced people that they had seen bugs bunny at Disney world, even though this is impossible. What I am going to remember the most from this psychology class, is how easily false memories can be implanted.
I won't be complusively checking my sources every time I tell a story but sometimes when I am and will be recounting an incidence i have that tiny little voice in my mind saying "right?" Such as when I am taking a test I will think "did I actually read that or was that something someone told me?" Its hard to determine the difference in what is true and what is not, but I will always remember that even my best memories can be altered without me remembering. I think in my past I have told several stories that I thought were true but no one in my family remembers happening. For years I was convinced that one time the bus driver forgot to drop me off at my stop and had to drive me directly to my stop, but my sister said she still would have been on the bus with me at that age and my mom claims that never happened either. Was it a dream? I guess I will never know but it is just a good example of how easily you can be convinced of something that didnt happen.think.gif

Mouakoon Yang
Writing 6
12-04-11
What I will remember "Suggestive Memory Techniques"
Psychology is a class that I haven't really spent much time on as I have wanted, but it is very useful to know some of these concepts years from now or years before. What I have found most useful from psychology is the suggestive memory technique, which suggests that a person or someone with authority or power or anyone can influence or encourage someone else to remember memories that are fake or may have been real. The people who are affected by the suggestive memory techniques are people who believe that these fake facts people are telling them about themselves are real. For example like the article we have read about Paul Ingram who admitted to raping his daughters and confessing to the memories the police and doctors have told him. But really none of this ever happens and he ended up going to jail for something he did not do. This is why I think suggestive memory technique is good to remember from this class because if you know this you can stop yourself from ever getting in this kind of situation and not admit to something that you did not do. Knowing this can help save yourself, for example if someone mess up at work and try to make you think you were the one that messed up you can hopefully remember back to what you learn in psychology and not admit to what these people are telling you because you could save yourself from losing your job or from ever having something bad happen to you.

There is not just one concept that will last with me five years down the road. Many of the concepts we've learned are interconnected and it's hard to remember one without the other. Of the many concepts, one that will be in my mind now and later on comes from Professor Koeing's lectures on Child development. One of my brother's friend recently had a baby and it will be interesting to see some of the concepts l had learned being applied to him. Right now he's at the stage of smiling at everyone an indifferent to strangers holding him. However, I think it might be fun to test some of the ideas on depth perception and his cognitive thinking as he grows up. Additionally, both his parents are fluent in two languages, so it will be interesting to see which one he picks up first. Because they visit often for babysitting purposes, I might just turn this opportunity into a fun longitudinal study of my own. One area that I am still interested in are parenting styles; I can't help but imagine what type of person someone will grow up to be based on the type of parents they had or what kind of parents someone may have had because of how they turned out today.

Psychology is an important subject to take when first entering college. It provides an introduction to many topics that will be universally useful and applicable beyond the classroom. I know that psychology has had a great impact on my thinking and will continue to as I continue through school. The methods of scientific and critical thinking that I have been taught have allowed me to analyze things in ways I wouldn't have before. These skills have helped me decide on what I choose to believe and what i choose to argue. When reading the newspaper for example, I have looked beyond what the author is saying to look at the facts; is it replicable? or can it be falsified? I ask questions like these in everything i do now. Some of the other concepts, especially the social interaction ones, have shown up in my other classes and have given a good background and helped make them more clear for me. There are times when I get annoyed with the class, but never have I or will I regret taking it.

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The broad field of Psychology has taught me much about the world through many aspects covered in class. I found that Chapter 13 Social Psychology has had the most impact on me especially the section of prejudice and discrimination. One concept that has stood out to me is the ultimate attribution error.
I think of myself as a moral and righteous individual, but even I am not perfect. I strive to get along with others and treat them with respect, but it's difficult for me not to feel uncomfortable around certain people. I try not to group people together through the use of stereotypes. It's not easy to identify and deal with personal issues at deeper levels.
I remember when I was a young boy in elementary school. I was in fourth grade, and I had issues of course. I didn't get along with a boy in class, and what he did bothered me. He was annoying, and I didn't like him all that much. I should have been polite to him of course, but I was rather rude to him whenever we got into arguments. I would make rude retorts to him about his race, and that is something that I would never do today. Through the media, culture, and many other factors, I've been trained to accept stereotypes. I still haven't forgiven myself, but at least I know why now.

What will I remember?

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When I think about the many different concepts that I've been introduced to in the last semester, I think that I will remember the different theories on (ironically enough) memory. Personally, I found the information regarding memory to be fascinating due to the many different variables that can effect how memories form.

I think one of the principles behind memory that I'll remember the most is the use of the keyword method to remember concepts. I know that I've used this method may times before in order to remember concepts for many different classes (including this one), and found it interesting that there was actually a title for what I was doing.

punch-bag.jpg An example was remembering what the defense mechanism called "Displacement" was. I started by thinking that the word displace means to move, then thought that in order to move an object there must be a force. From that I was able to think of the picture in our book where Prince Fielder is throwing his forcefully throwing his baseball bat. From that, I could conclude the displacement using a socially acceptable target as a way to get rid of anger rather than punching somebody in the face!

Joking aside, I think that the keyword method has, and will stay with me for many years to come. It's definitely a useful tool!

Psy. 1001 has been quite an interesting course this semester. In fact, I would probably consider it my favorite class of the semester. Even though there were many important concepts and ideas, the one that I believe that will stick with me for the longest time is Pavlov's theory of classic conditioning. When we were learning about classic conditioning, I felt extra interested. I have always been curious on how our brains make connections to things that we need/want. How the unconscious part of our brains actually have a lot of influence on our learning. I someday want to own and raise a dog and use classic conditioning to train it. I will probably think back to college at some point in adulthood when I have a kid of my own and use these techniques on him/her and see if I get results. An example of this could be simply rewarding my kids with a new video game for every good grade they bring home to me while they're growing up. This will condition them to grow up thinking if you work hard, you'll get rewarded in the long run and you'll then be able to play hard, so to speak, because of the hard work they put in initially. This will then apply to them in the real world as they get older to bigger and better goals. They will work harder to achieve their goals because they'll know that only good will come out of it.

Remembering Psychology

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Psychology 1001 covered a wide range of topics in the field of psychology ranging from infants and language development, behavior, the brain, and personality. I learned a lot, but I can't say I have and will continue to retain all of the information. One part I will remember forever is the specific function of the amygdala. The amygdala is part of the limbic system in the brain. I'm not sure why, but I will always remember that the amygdala is the part of the brain that deals with fear and decodes scary or fearful situations. It also plays a factor in emotion, which makes sense because it's part of the limbic system. This topic may have been drained into our head and on every practice test I took, so I will always know its function. I will also remember that Wernicke and Broca's areas of the brain deal with understanding speech and language, and talking. These were interesting to me, and it's cool to know what specific parts of my brain are in action when I do certain things.

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The image linked above shows the location of the amygdala in the brain!

What Will I Remember...

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Five years from now, when I am a new nurse in the medical field, I think what I will remember most about psychology was the chapter on human development. In particular, one thing that sticks out in my memory is the story about the Genain quadruplets, all of whom are identical, born within 17 minutes of each other and have schizophrenia. This story opened the chapter and really got me interested. It opened the door to the whole nature vs. nurture debate in human development. Was the varied environment that the girls were raised in a causal factor for their disorder, since they are all practically genetic clones of each other? In this case, the story raises far more questions than answers; especially about how genes and similar environments can result in different patterns of psychological adjustment. Since I plan on specializing in psychiatric nursing, I think that this story is going to be something that I remember when dealing with my patients. It will help remind me that correlation does not equal causation. Just because all of the Genain quadruplets had schizophrenia and were identical does not mean that their disorders were played out in the exact same fashion. Also, it will remind me to consider the influences of early experiences as a possible factor for problems and disorders in life. Overall, I have thoroughly enjoyed learning about psychology and psychiatric disorders are of my favorite interest. I plan to study them further as my education progresses.
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Five years from now, I think the Psychology concepts I will remember best are Suggestive Memory Techniques, along with the Misinformation effect. When we talked about the case of Paul Ingram and studies performed by Elizabeth Loftus during my discussion section, I was beside myself. The idea that people can come to believe that they did something or met someone based on Photoshopped pictures or false testimonies seemed foreign. Suggestion has a lot more power over the human brain than I thought. It seems to me that these two concepts hurt people more than they help. The majority of the applications I can think of would implicate someone in a crime. The justice system can be abused with these methods and can lead to false convictions due to misinformation and false memories. These concepts stand out most to me because I would not want to fall victim to them, and being aware of their existence seems far better than ignorance of them. The more people know about this, the less likely it will be for corruption and injustice to arise because of Suggestive Memory Techniques and the Misinformation Effect.

I Will Remember

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Five years from now, the thing I'll remember most about from psychology 1001 will be classical conditioning. Classical condition is the form of learning in which animals come to respond to a previously neutral stimulus that had been paired with another stimulus that elicits and automatic response. I will remember this for the fact that this can apply to almost any behavior that you develop. I find it so fascinating, that you can have a certain response to something that does even relate to the stimulus. Like with Pavlov's experiment he got a dog to salivate to a bell. Another reason I will remember classical conditioning, is for the fact that when I'm older I really want to try and redo Pavlov's experiment with the dog I get. Also, it makes me think about all the times that I might have been classical conditioned to do something, or the times that it was tried but failed. There are just so many different ways and opportunities for classical conditioning; it is something that can never be forgotten. When you think about it, even at school you are classically condition. You get excited when the bell rings, because it means you get to switch classes. Then sometimes you get excited when you here a bell and you don't even need/get to switch classes. Those are some of the reason why I will remember classical conditioning the most.

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As I begin to reflect on this semester's class of Psychology 1001, I realize that I have indeed learned and absorbed a lot of new information. However, the concept that currently seems to stick out most in my mind is false memories. In chapter seven of the Lilienfield text named, "Memory," I read about how psychologists implant false memories in the lab. Many psychologists use suggestive memory techniques, which are defined as procedures that strongly encourage people to recall memories, often creating false ones.

In discussion the following week, we read about the case of Paul Ingram and how the creation of false memories ultimately destroyed his life. Paul's daughters and later Paul himself, all developed false memories about Paul performing various accounts of sexual assault on his two daughters. These memories were initially prompted to one of his daughters by a church camp counselor and then while under stressful conditions in jail, Paul began to admit to the accusations.

This concept is very interesting to me and I am confident that I will remember it five years from now, especially because of the Paul Ingram case. It startles me that Paul's guilty plea was still valid even though a psychiatrist had come in and proved that he was creating false memories. I am curious as to how the human brain takes in the suggested ideas or memories and actually justifies them or makes them to be true. Furthermore, it makes me think about suspects being interrogated and if the interrogators would be able to question them in such a way that they themselves would begin to think that they committed the crime, when in fact they are innocent. I find it almost frightening how easily the human mind can be manipulated


Click here to read the full Paul Ingram story

What I will most definitely remember five years down the line from psychology 1001 is the critical thinking strategy of correlation vs. causation. This will stick with me because of all of the different ways it can apply. This principle will be apparent in any experiment that I conduct because it can be a common mistake to assume that just because two results are correlated that one causes the other. A lot of times in the media there are assumption mistakes within this concept and psychology has taught me to be aware of this mistake and not to fall prey to making an assumption that correlation equals causation.
The critical thinking strategy of correlation vs. causation has also taught me that when looking at correlation and trying to determine a cause there might also be third party factors. Being aware of this is crucial in an example like looking at an example like the correlation between being overweight and living in Alaska. Keeping in mind that this correlation may exist because of the diet in Alaska. Keeping in mind that there may be a third factor will always be important because it will make sure that when looking for possible causations, that I will keep an open mind to the idea that there may be a third factor that could be leading to the correlation between two findings.

Video Link: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lbODqslc4Tg

What I will most definitely remember five years down the line from psychology 1001 is the critical thinking strategy of correlation vs. causation. This will stick with me because of all of the different ways it can apply. This principle will be apparent in any experiment that I conduct because it can be a common mistake to assume that just because two results are correlated that one causes the other. A lot of times in the media there are assumption mistakes within this concept and psychology has taught me to be aware of this mistake and not to fall prey to making an assumption that correlation equals causation.
The critical thinking strategy of correlation vs. causation has also taught me that when looking at correlation and trying to determine a cause there might also be third party factors. Being aware of this is crucial in an example like looking at an example like the correlation between being overweight and living in Alaska. Keeping in mind that this correlation may exist because of the diet in Alaska. Keeping in mind that there may be a third factor will always be important because it will make sure that when looking for possible causations, that I will keep an open mind to the idea that there may be a third factor that could be leading to the correlation between two findings.

Video Link: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lbODqslc4Tg

What I'll Remember

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I think something that will stick with me from psych 1001 five years from now will be the incredible language potential infants have. We learned in chapter ten that infants show universal adaptability, or the capability to detect all speech sounds, including those from languages other than the one they are "born into." We learned from the textbook and in lecture that infants exposed to Mandarin between the ages of six and nine months of age showed lesser decline in ability to detect speech sounds of that language, and children exposed to a foreign language at a young age showed higher ability to learn that language later in life.

I just find this all fascinating. Especially today, where being bilingual - or at least having had exposure to a second language - in America is not only useful but almost necessary, exposing children to second languages at a young age is essential. My younger brother and sister are three and five years old, and my brother will be learning French in his preschool next semester, and my sister is in Spanish emersion kindergarten - her teacher speaks primarily Spanish to the class. This is extraordinary. By the time my sister is in college, she could be fluent in Spanish. Who knows what children could be capable in terms of language by the time I have children?

Our Behavior as Bystanders

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A topic that I have learned in this psychology class that I believe will stick with me for a very long time is the role of social psychology on our behaviors. Our everyday behaviors are influenced by the actions of others more than we might think. I have always thought that our personalities and personal characteristics determine a large part of who we are as individuals and they primarily work to shape our actions and behaviors. I, like many, have fallen victim to the fundamental attribution error, or the tendency to overestimate the impact of personal characteristics on behavior. In reality, the presence and actions of others has a huge role in our behaviors.

A vivid example of this is bystander nonintervention. If a person is in danger, either sick or injured, it is more likely that they will not receive help if there are many people around. This is a very scary circumstance. If all of a sudden we were to become seriously ill while in a public setting, we would want someone to come to our help, and quickly. There are a couple of reasons why people behave this way and don't help the person in danger. First, the witnesses may assume that no one else around perceives that there is something wrong. They have what is called pluralistic ignorance, and will not act to help because since no one else is, there must be nothing wrong with the individual. Secondly, the witnesses share a diffusion of responsibility. Each bystander feels less responsible for the person's safety in the presence of others.

The effects of large groups of people and bystander nonintervention is shown in this video - The Bystander Effect.

Now that we have learned about the effects of social psychology on our behaviors in class, we have a better understanding of how our actions can be altered in the presence of others. Learning about social psychology can help us distinguish situations in our own lives when our behavior may be influenced by other people, and help us intervene as bystanders to help a person in danger.

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During this semester of Psychology 1001, I learned so much about many different types and techniques of psychology. The one thing that will stick with me five years from now is the functions of the brain. I was really interested while learning about all the different ways the brain works together and i think that this information stuck with me the best. I found it interesting how the left brain and right brain have such specific functions that must work together in order for the body to be completely functional. I also will remember the importance of the Wernickes Area and Broca's Area in the brain and what their functions are. It amazed me how in a study, when two pictures were flashed in front a person who had their corpus collasum split through surgery, they could only draw one side of the picture, when they did not know the reason why. It shows the true functions of left and right brain activity when they can not work together through the corpus collasum. The brain just amazes me in general. I really enjoyed learning about it and how it really worked. I will definitely remember this information 5 years from now.

After everything we have learned this semester in Psychology 1011, for me the Skinner Box will be what I remember the most in the future. The Skinner box is an operant conditioning chamber that is used in the experimental analysis of behavior to study animal behavior. The chamber was created by B. F. Skinner and he later was at the University of Minnesota, where he developed the pigeon missile, which is something I will easily remember and brag about because I obviously attended there. The Skinner box is used to study both operant conditioning and classical conditioning. Both of which were hammered into our heads when learning about conditioning. The box performed operant conditioning by using the Law of Effect, when a behavior has good consequences, it will tend to be repeated by the subject while bad consequences will tend to be not repeated. The box permits experimenters to study behavior conditioning by teaching a subject animal to perform certain actions in response to specific stimuli, like a light or sound signal. When the subject correctly performs the behavior, the chamber mechanism delivers food or another reward. The mechanism delivers a punishment for incorrect or missing responses too, like a shock. With this apparatus, experimenters perform studies in conditioning and training through reward/punishment mechanisms. I feel I remember this because of how much time we spent on this area of psychology, and because Skinner had a lot of history with the University of Minnesota.

http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/aso/databank/entries/bhskin.html

Don't Judge

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Five years from now I will remember the concept of heuristics, which are mental shortcuts that help us to streamline our thinking and make sense of our world- but heuristics show that we can be fooled easily. More specifically, I think I will remember the representativeness heuristic, which is judging the probability of an event by its superficial similarity to a prototype. People will judge others based on similarities and stereotypes. I know that I have been guilty numerous times in the past of judging others based on their appearance. nerd-reading-book-fashaddix1-150x94.5.jpgIf I were to see someone wearing glasses and reading a book at a library, I would probably assume that he or she is a "nerd". I will keep in mind in the future to try not to judge others before getting to know them. I think I will remember this heuristic five years from now because if there comes a time when I will think about/want to judge someone- I will remember this concept and try not to fit people into stereotypes.

What I will remember

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The most important thing I have learned from Psychology 1001 is seven scientific thinking which includes:" Ruling out rival Hypotheses; Correlation vs. Causation; Falsifiability; Replicability; Extraordinary claims and Occam'srazor. These important scientific thinkings not only can be applied on science but also on my daily life, such as when I want to see someone else's opinions about how one thing cause another, I can use "Correlation vs. Causation"; If I want to know what is the meaning of my dream, I can use "Ruling out rival Hypotheses" to avoid pseudoscience explanation.
I think the reason why textbook made scientific thinking as the first chapter is that they want to teach us we need to have a critical mind when we face science or things go through our lives. Because these scientific thinkings, our society and technology can develop in a good way., sometime the world disobey scientific thinking than fall into a bad situation, such as Eugenics Movement which resulted a lot people couldn't give birth when they wanted children.
After all, Scientific thinkings make people being more reasonable and logic sence.

pondering.jpgThere is so much information that is packed into a semester that it is probably going to be hard to remember much of it five years from now. However, I don't think I will ever be able to forget the principles of scientific thinking. Ruling out rival hypothesis, correlation vs. causation, falsifiability, replicabiliby, extraordinary claims, and occam's razor are forever burned into my brain.

One of the main reasons for this is because it was not only explained to the class in the first chapter, but it was also repeated throughout the other chapters as well. In every chapter there seemed to be another real-world example of how one of the six principles of scientific thinking works and is applied. I have already found a few moments in my life, after learning about them, that I have been able to apply one of the concepts. Furthermore, I know that as long as my other classes continue to give statistics and theories that I will be able to continue to use it.
I feel that learning the principles of scientific thinking has been really beneficial for me to know because they have allowed me to really question what others are telling. I am now prepared to look at the world with a more scientific mind.

Never Forget to Ask Questions

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Throughout the course of psychology, I have learned many fascinating things that I believe will stay with me for many years. One of the most interesting things that I learned about was people's unconscious act of conforming to the group. Last week in discussion, the class watched a video where there are several people in an elevator, and only one of which that was not included in the experiment. When all of the remaining people in the elevator did a certain thing, or stood in a certain direction, the non-confederate conformed to these movements. It really showed me how much the group has an influence on the individual, and no matter how much people believe they are an individual in their actions, there is always an underlying reason. Above all, the chapter discussing conformity and obedience taught me to always ask questions and to never just follow blindly. One of the sentences that stood out most over the course of the book describes the thoughts of German author, Hannah Arendt. According to Hannah Arendt, "most of the world's wickedness originates not from a handful of cold-blooded villains, but from large numbers of perfectly normal citizens who follow orders blindly" (Lilienfeld, 509). Many years from now, this is what I'm going to remember.

What I will remember

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Throughout Psychology 1001, there have been many fascinating and important experiments, findings and information to attain. But one of the most important elements that I will always remember are the six principles of thinking: Replicability, Falsifiability, Ruling out Rival Hypothesis, Occam's Razor, Extraordinary Claims, as well as Correlation vs. Causation. During all of psychology, these six principles tied back into every unit and they truly demonstrate effectiveness when it comes to assessing claims and different situations on your own. Personally, I believe these principles will guide me to make better decisions as I age. For instance, with certain "help" books that promise excess weight loss, or large amounts of stress reduction, I will not waist my money on these claims. The reason I will not is because of the way I learned to scientifically analyze a certain claim before I jump to any decisions. I used to believe in certain ads such as that, and after this class, my skills in evaluating someone or something have significantly increased. Also, they have helped me not fall prey to confirmation bias, hindsight bias, belief preservation and heuristics. Ultimately, I will never forget the six principles of thinking because of the beneficial way they help scientists make conclusions as well as help me make better choices in my life as I finish college and continue my journey through life.

What i Will Remember (Marty)

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THe most important thing i will remember from psychology, is the incredible sponge characteristics of infants. Previously, i Had that babies were born essentially oblivious to their environment. But knowing now that babies are not colorblind, ad are completely capable of understanding the world around them. i had attributed their apparent low intelligence to their small amount of brain matter. But with the knowledge now i know that they are constantly capable of collecting information, that babies are not dumb just ignorant to the world. They have no knowledge of the world, and are only equipped with basic survival reflexes. How this will impact me, in fives years time i expect to be in a long term relationship, and procreation will definitely be in consideration. This new psychology knowledge will help me in being a better parent. Being educated about my offspring, and their state of mind, will help me be a safe and stimulating caregiver. I know their goals and what i need to do to meet them. Great things to know!

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In chapter 7 of our psychology book we learned about the mere exposure effect; the fact that the more you see a stimulus the more you desire it. This therefore leads to the topic I learned this semester in psych 1001 that I will remember: The Six Principles of Critical Thinking. Without looking at my notes I can tell you that the Six Principles are; Occam's Razor, Replicability, Falsifiable, Extraordinary Claims, Ruling Out Rival Hypotheses, Correlation Causation. Occam's Razor is the reasoning that simple is right. Replicability is when a study is proven right more than once. Falsifiable means that it proves the hypothesis true. Extraordinary Claims is that when you have an extraordinary claim, you must have extraordinary evidence. Ruling out rival hypotheses means that you rule out other views opposing your claim. Lastly but not least, Correlation Causation means that a Correlation does not cause a relationship between two things. In this
Link here, there is an article that discusses reinforcement can be the more that you practice something you will remember it better. In the first midterm for this class, we were asked probably 1,000 times about each one and that is not an over exaggeration. This practice helped to stick in my brain as I encoded it into the long term memory. In 10 years I am sure that I will still remember these because I have been quized on them so many times.

What I will remember.

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Throughout the Psychology 1001 course, I have learned and discovered a variety of different aspects related to the real world. As a Carlson student, I have been able to use my knowledge to better understand why people act the way they do and predict how they will act under a certain situation. The one thing that I will probably remember in 5 years from now is the different types of memory techniques and issues involving memory loss. I reviewed my notes before the test for hours relating to memory and really felt like I learned the material. With that being said, I have found that memory techniques are extremely helpful when I play the piano and memorize the songs. I find it interesting how people can be tricked into believing something that is not true, like seeing Bugs Bunny at Walt Disney World. This article I found had some interesting ways of remembering specific events in one's life by using these 10 simple techniques. These techniques can easily be related into psychology because some of them are used to remember events. Alzheimer's disease is matter that I find very sad and touching. With a little more psychological research, some day one may be able to find a cure for this and help millions of people devastated by the disease. Although this is just one simple aspect that I will most likely remember from my Psychology class, there are many things that I found interesting and will take away. Hopefully, this class will help me understand people and the way they act better and will help me in the business world.

Psychology is useful to me everyday. All the different possibilities for analyzing and understanding every person I interact with each day is what makes me love psychology and all that it entails. One of my favorite psychological concepts is that of nonverbal communication. Being able to gauge people's true emotions just by looking at how they're standing, what nervous ticks they have, and what micro-expressions they're displaying is so fascinating to me. Watching shows like Lie to Me and reading Dr. Paul Ekman's books has allowed me to further understand the huge extent to which nonverbal communication plays a role in our lives. In my own life I've been able to use what I've learned from psychology to better understand the emotions of those around me, even when they don't outright say how they're feeling. Having a grasp on basic nonverbal communication skills can help you make people more comfortable around you, see you as more successful, or even more attractive. Seeing as it is something that everyone engages in on a daily basis, I think that knowing the various landmark behaviors of nonverbal communication will stick with me for many years to come.


Freud's Theory and Courage

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When asked the question what will I remember from Psych 1001 5 years from now, as a psych major, I guess I should say everything, but if there was one thing I would definitely remember it would be Sigmund Freud's Stages of Psychosexual Development. It is one of the craziest and most unusual theories I have ever encountered through out the semester of Psych 1001. If some of you don't remember what Freud's Stages of Psychosexual Development you can check it out here. Despite Freud's Stages of Psychosexual Development being unusual, the reason I also think I will remember this five years from now is the fact that though Sigmund Freud seems to have a weird way of looking at things, it is very admirable of him to put forth his idea and risk being seen as a laughingstock or being scoffed at. Sigmund Freud has come up with so many ideas and so many theories but this one theory about the stages of Psychosexual Development has to be one of the hardest theories for him to put forth and because he did so I admire his ability. Five years from now, I hope to be in graduate school and the one thing that I will remember the most is Freud's crazy Psychosexual Development and Freud's courage in proposing the theory to the world.

By definition, social psychology is the scientific study of how people's thoughts, feelings, and behaviors are influenced by the actual, imagined, or implied presence of others.

I chose this topic because I am a strong believer in the human brain and the longing idea that you control your body, thoughts and actions. Also, I agree that every persons brain is different and responds to situations differently.

If I receive a D on my Spanish test and flip out, things are most likely going to head down hill from there. I will be angry at myself the rest of the day, causing my anger to affect my friends, family, etc. On the other hand, I receive my test grade and immediately begin looking over my mistakes. I stay after class to ask the teacher how to fix the questions that I got wrong so that I can learn from the mistakes I made. The rest of the day I keep a positive attitude going so that my friends, family, etc. do not get affected by me in a negative way.

Once a person begins to frown, the only way to make them smile forever is to acknowledge the fact that it is possible to be happy and smile all the time. I'm not saying that when someone hears that their grandmother died they should remain happy. I am saying that for a few minutes they should acknowledge the fact that she is gone, in a happier place, never coming back, but always spiritually here. Then live life to the fullest and understand what that close person did for you to be where you are today and once again, prove the world you can learn and move on instead of wallow around in your sorrows.

I believe that people are influenced by their environments. But YOU do have the final say in your actions no matter who, what, when, where and why. I feel as though each and every person should live everyday with a smile on their face instead of a frown. Don't worry, be happy.

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First of all this course have demonstrate why psychology is a science and how complex and interesting is the study of human behavior. That includes other related science that affect human behavior and we need to understand how they work for then understanding the resulting human behavior. Science studying the brain defined as neuroscience, human physiology, genetics, environment and more!
Some of the many interesting facts I have learned so far in this course is that we humans are only aware of what we are interested in, ignoring all other things around us. Like the video of counting the passes without noticing the moonwalk bear that passed by the group. The topic of intelligence, that clarify me the concept of IQ, how it is affected by education, gender, race, age and other factors and how IQ can predict success in complex tasks. Also about similarity, proximity and reprocity that influence people for falling in love. Human development was also a great topic. Learning tips as reading for the babies before born and knowing more about what babies feel and don't feel and what babies can think and what they can't at an specific age.
I think I will remember all these things learned because are things that I will be using during life. Also are concepts that I will recommend everybody to be related with. Because not only for psychologist but for all people that plan to have a child, to have a serious partner relationship and to understand why intelligence vary in people among other interesting facts that the world of psychology can help us to understand things in life.

What will I remember?

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I feel that I will be one of those college students that thinks back to my Freshman Psychology class and probably not remember much of it (only that it was a lot of reading, and I wasn't very good at it). But, I do feel like there will be one thing that I will look back and remember about Psychology, the different types of attachment styles. I have decided that for my major I am going to do something with children, probably not teaching, but something more on the lines of helping with them and working with them. I feel that this is a subject I will remember because I know that it will come in handy when I am working with kids. Also, I am a babysitter and it will really help me out to know what type of attachment style the child is, so I know how to handle the situation when the parent leaves/comes back. I probably will remember this because it pertains to myself and my interests and that is why it will probably stick with me in my long-term memory. I do honestly hope I can look back and remember more about the things I learned in Psychology because it was a very interesting class, I just wasn't very good at it. Psychology messes with your head a little bit, because there are so many possibilities for so many different problems.
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I blame it on my hippocampus!

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My friends tell me I am terrible with directions, apparently even if they are "easy to follow". I avoid driving or being the leading navigator in any situation (both voluntarily and involuntarily...). I know my friends are right. I became a common target for sarcastic jokes about navigation. I've lived in one city my whole life, so how is it possible that I have difficulty navigating my way back to a familiar road after dropping a new friend off? The answer lies in the hippocampus, the area of the brain inside the limbic system which plays a crucial role in spatial memory. Learning how London taxi-drivers have especially large hippocampi enlightened me to my own situation. I must have an either average or (probably) less-than-average-sized hippocampus, which would directly relate to my insufficient mental map abilities! Although there is uncertainty about the causal arrow between the size of the hippocampus and the amount of experience in spatial tasks, I finally have a valid biological excuse I can use from here on out. I am bad with directions and would rather take a bus, but I can blame this problem on my darn hippocampus!

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