Think scientifically.

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What does "Think scientifically" mean? To answer that, first we have ask ourselves: "What is Science?" Science to the general public, are often seen as the combined name for three subjects: Biology, Chemistry, and Physics. It's not hard to see why, because these topics are taught in school as science classes. However, Science goes far beyond these three topics, and science is everywhere. According to Wikipedia, "Science (from Latin scientia, meaning "knowledge") is a systematic enterprise that builds and organizes knowledge in the form of testable explanations and predictions about the universe." If one read this definition carefully, one could note that not all knowledge can be scientific, and yet science provides the most valid and reliable knowledge one can obtain. If science is this "systematic enterprise that builds and organizes knowledge in the form of testable explanations and predictions about the universe." then science should apply in every aspect of our lives, and it does.(see picture) science
Science is the way to understand our universe based on evidence, tests, and rational reasoning. To think scientifically means to follow the scientific thinking principles such as: "Ruling out rival hypothesis", "Correlation vs. Causation", "Falsifiability", "Replicability", "Extraordinary Claims Require Extraordinary Evidence", and "Occam's Razor". Of course you all have heard of those, I assume. Unless you really hasn't study for this class at all. (HA! HA! Bless the curve! Wait there isn't a curve?!) Now how many of you have thought about applying those principle outside of when taking PSY101 tests? My guess is, not many of you do, certainly I don't, at least not all the time. Why should we think scientifically? We should because it separates us from ignorance. Next time when you hear a claim, you should ask for the evidence before you believe it. When you see an apple fell far from the tree, maybe you should pick the simplest explanation such as a person passed by and moved the apple, rather than believing an invisible being placed it there just to show you a sign that you should not follow your father's footstep. It also helps you to avoid making misjudgement about a race group based on the data of the percentage of criminals of that race compared to other race in a city, because there are a lot more variables go into it.(correlation vs. causation). In general, think scientifically makes you to reason rationally, it sets your mind free. Maybe you would find science much more interesting since the "known" in your old thinking became "unknown", so you feel the need to discover the unknown world, to obtain new knowledge. Once you became more knowledgeable, you gain the obligation to educate the ignorants(ignoramus? not sure which word to use :P ). And this is how humanity improve! Thank you for your time! Until next time! Good Night!

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Oh, and check out Cosmos: A personal Voyage by Carl Sagan it's on netflix. It was made in 1979 so the graphic is not to today's standards but the dialog and the music is just amazing.

Interesting view point. I agree that sometimes people let their emotions lead them to make irrational judgements. Certainly the media relies more on pathos than ethos or logos. However, I also think that there are some things in this world (perhaps better said "outside this world") that cannot be evaluated scientifically. Like everything in this world, science isn't perfect. Our knowledge is always changing and never 100% reliable even if we go about it in a scientific way.

You provide some nice examples of how we can apply scientific thinking.

@hoemx004 Science is not prefect, well it depends on what do you mean by prefect. Science is not prefect if you define prefect as the ability to explain everything. No, science cannot explain everything, but it is the prefect solution to explain anything. In science, we base everything on evidence, we came up theories base on evidence. If a better theory comes up, we adapt the better theory. If new evidence comes up that makes the existing theory inaccurate, we can alter the theory, and if altering the theory still cannot explain the new evidence, we go back to the drawing board and start a new theory from scratch. Thus, scientific theories are always changing and never 100% reliable, but that does not mean scientific thinking is inadequate, it is in fact the best way you can think.

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This page contains a single entry by zhao0338 published on April 29, 2012 12:39 PM.

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