Investigators uncovered a highly structured, international identity-theft ring, with operations based in California, New York, and Minnesota.
The victims were banks, credit card companies, and identities from around the world, said US assistant Attorney Ann Anaya. Over 8,700 individual identities were stolen.
The ring had as many as 200 members, many of whom were originally from West Africa.
"To date, 22 of the 29 people who have been publicly charged in the conspiracy have pleaded guilty," according to the Star Tribune.