Last week, over 180 people were killed by Islamic extremist group Boko Haram, in Nigeria's second city, Kano.
Northern Nigeria, the poorer part of the country, lacks infrastructure and reliable power and has fallen into chaos at the hands of this group. Nigerian president Goodluck Jonathan, who has long been a polarizing figure in Nigerian politics, has stated that "military action alone would not stop Boko Haram; and northern Nigeria needed economic development."
President Jonathan on Sunday warned that the violence blamed on Boko Haram was worse than the 1967-70 civil war.
Violence between Christians and Muslims has been a persistent problem for the country, said a correspondent for The New York Times.
"Despite its many problems, Nigeria has natural wealth and a growth rate of 7%. Boko Haram is unlikely to have much impact on the broader economy, but Nigeria's boom is concentrated in the south and may lead to even greater inequality" The New York Times.
The Boko Haram is an Islamic extremist organization united in animosity toward Christianity. Also targeted by the group is the traditional Muslim hierarchy, and wealthy Muslim elites who have "sold out" to the federal government.
The federal government has been criticized with displaying a lack of sufficient effort to calm the situation.