November 2006 Archives

ISBN Is Changing

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The International Standard Book Number is changing. For almost two years the publishing industry has been moving towards using a thirteen digit ISBN. During that time OCLC has instructed catalogers to place 13-digit ISBNs in the 024 field so that we can search for them using a Standard Number index search (sn).

The migration to the 13-digit ISBN is due to be officially completed on Jan. 1, 2007. In preparation for that deadline, last month, OCLC enhanced the 020 to accommodate the 13-digit ISBN. Catalogers should now be putting all ISBNs in 020 fields. The 020 field is repeatable and each valid ISBN should go in a separate 020 field.

When you enter an ISBN in the course of cataloging, Connexion performs the following process. 10-digit ISBNs in 020 generate 13-digit ISBNs. 13-digit ISBNs with prefix 978 in 020 generate 10-digit ISBNs. Connexion automatically performs these actions when you validate while on line, update holdings, or replace a record. No 10-digit ISBN will be created if the ISBN has a 979 prefix and no action will occur if there is a 13-digit ISBN in field 024.

Before the end of the year, OCLC will run a one time conversion of ISBNs in existing WorldCat records. The conversion will perform three major actions.

  • If it finds a 10-digit ISBN in a 020 $a and no corresponding 13-digit ISBN, it will generate a 13-digit ISBN with prefix 978 in a 020 $a.

  • If it finds a 13-digit ISBN with prefix 978 in a 020 $a and no corresponding 10-digit ISBN, it will generate a 10-digit ISBN in a 020 $a.

  • If it finds a 13-digit ISBN with prefix 978 in a 024 (first indicator 3) $a, it will generate both 10 and 13 digit ISBNs in 020 fields if they are not already present. If it finds a 13-digit ISBN with prefix 979, it will generate only a 13-digit ISBN in a 020 $a if not already present.

Note: a 10 digit ISBN will not be created if it finds a 13-digit ISBN with a 979 prefix because such ISBNs have no corresponding 10-digit ISBNs.

For more information consult the OCLC Technical Bulletin 253.

Mark Wilhelmi, MINITEX/BATS

DVDs

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Everything you ever needed to know about DVDs and a lot of things you didn’t even know you needed to know can be found at DVD Demystified: Home of the DVD FAQ . This huge FAQ is written for DVD users and creators, so its point of view is not that of a cataloger or even a librarian. But it sure has a lot of information that can help libraries and catalogers.

Take a look at it! Browse some questions and answers to see what it’s all about. It is arranged in 8 sections (from 0 to 7) presented all in one piece. Once you see the breadth and depth of what it has to offer, you can use the find feature of your browser to easily search the entire FAQ (use the shortcut key Ctrl F and type in the term you are looking for).

Here’s a little taste of some of the questions it answers:

Section 1: General DVD

  • What are "regional codes," "country codes," or "zone locks"?

  • What's the difference between DVD-Audio discs and DVD-Music discs?

  • What’s a hybrid DVD?

  • Is it ok to put labels or magnetic strips on DVDs?

Section 3: DVD Technical Details

  • What's widescreen? How do the aspect ratios work?

  • How long do DVDs last?

Access DVD Demystified: Home of the DVD FAQ

Digital Projects in the MINITEX Region

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At our recent MINITEX/OCLC Users Group Meeting on Oct. 16, I organized an afternoon session that focused on Digital Projects going on in the MINITEX region, specifically those who are using OCLC’s CONTENTdm software to manage their digital collections.

Why am I writing about this session in a blog about technical services? Well, for a number of reasons. Of the ten or so institutions I’ve spoken with about their digital projects, most have library technical services staff involved in metadata creation, to enter data about digital objects, and for authority control. Some libraries have their archives staff and other subject experts describe the digital objects in their collections, and then pass the objects on to their cataloging staff to enrich the records with subject headings. As more institutions begin to think about starting digital projects, library technical services staff need to be prepared to offer and apply their expertise. How do we prepare? This is a theme that you'll see repeated in my posts, and I'm open to suggestions!

For those of you that were unable to make the CONTENTdm session, below is a quick recap of each of the presentations.

Carleton College has created two digital collections. One was created and is maintained by Hsianghui Liu-Spencer, cataloger and metadata librarian at Gould Library as a faculty’s image collection; the other is the Art History Department’s slide collection, created and maintained by Heidi Eyestone, Curator of the Visual Resources Collection. Between both collections, they use the Library of Congress Thesaurus for Graphic Materials, as well as Library of Congress Subject Headings.

Carleton's presentation: Part I
Carleton's presentation: Part II

The University of North Dakota (UND) just went live with their collections on Oct. 11th. Curt Hanson, Project Manager of their digital collections, explained that UND's Chester Fritz Library has exclusive copyright to all materials in their two digital collections, so they are able to make them available to the general public. For metadata entry, UND uses the Dublin Core Metadata Best Practices of the Collaborative Digitization Program (CDP). This is also the same guideline that the Minnesota Digital Library uses for Minnesota Reflections. The cataloging department at UND enhances their digital collections by adding FAST Headings and LCSH, while also using terms from the Library of Congress Thesaurus for Graphic Materials.

View UND's Digital Collections

Wayne Torborg, Director of Digital Collections, Hill Museum & Manuscript Library at Saint John's University, gave a really good introduction to what CONTENTdm is, and what it’s not (explained it is a flat database rather than a relational database, so it’s super fast for searching). He showed some of their manuscript objects in Vivarium, spoke about how they hide some of their objects to the general public due to copyright constraints, and how they link their other databases to CONTENTdm.

HMML's presentation: Part I
HMML's presentation: Part II
View HMML's Digital Collections

For more information about CONTENTdm, and to view a list of libraries in the region using the software, visit the MINITEX Web Site:

View more information about CONTENTdm

Contact the MINITEX BATS Unit

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About this Archive

This page is an archive of entries from November 2006 listed from newest to oldest.

December 2006 is the next archive.

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