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Choosing statistical tests

This table is one that I think every public health student should be able to generate after taking statistics. Unfortunately it is not presented this way

Dependent/outcome
Independent/predictor Dichotomous Categorical Continuous
Dichotomous Chi-square Chi-square t-test
Categorical Chi-square Chi-square ANOVA
Continuous Logistic regression ??? Correlation or regression

Caveat: This ignores study design. In real analyses it is common to adjust for covariates, use repeated measures or do something else that requires different tests. Nevertheless, it shows the basic test underlying what you will use.