While many may take their cell phones for granted, the use of telephones has become a work in progress over time. The first dates of a telephone go back to the middle 1800s according to Wikipedia at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Telephone. Though, it may not be viewed as anything more than a communication device, I believe it to be a phenomena of today.
Most simply put, the telephone takes sounds/noises/voices that reach the microphone, and transmits them on a cord through a network to the ear piece of the receiver on the other phone. These are the 'things' and seperate pieces, that when put together, they create something you wouldnt have if you didnt have the correct pieces.
The frameworks of this would be the microphone piece's ability to pick up sounds and translate them into a signal, and the earpieces ability to translate that signal back into sound.
Some of the clockworks of a phone include that the closer and louder you speak into the phone, the louder it will come out on the other side, and the softer and farther away you speak, the harder it will be for the listener to hear you. The faster you speak, the quicker the signals get sent along, as well as the slower you speak, the longer it takes for the listener to receive them.
All together, combined up into what we now know as a telephone, it is truely a phenomena which allows us to speak to our friends, family, and many others with only having to press a several digit long sequence of numbers (phone number). It has helped connect the world in ways that werent thought possible back in the centuries before us.
Image I used is from the following address: