Gallagher has a way of hitting the nail on the head. In Collaboration, he shows how accountability can be a huge factor in the success of groups. Hurray! I hate the idea that kids in small groups will some how magically morf together and great discussions will ensue just because you asked them to. Yeah, right. I have students get in small groups and produce some writing. The kicker is if one student wrote down all the "notes" from the group-this invariably is the girl; another student has to share results verbally and the other student has to write down summaries on the board. This works well for me b/c they know that everyone has to participate. Usually, it pulls kids out of their seat and into participation. I also love 10 strategies to promote higher level thinking. These are clear, easy to administer activities that I can see myself using in the classroom.