How can students internalize scaffolds?
In chapter two, Gallagher reminds me of what I learned as "pre-reading" in my teacher training. We need to warm-up students before they read by scaffolding to prior experience or necessary background information. Now that I've been teaching for 12 years, and after having read Kylene Beers last summer, I'm wondering how I can get students to internalize this step--to move from being dependent on me to working independently to warm up to a text. I can think of anticipations guides, journal entries, and other warm-ups for any text, but those are all teacher directed activities. Where is the strategy that will teach students how to independently approach a text in a way that will connect to their prior knowledge? It can't be as simple as examining the cover, really. As teachers who've read the texts, we can be very specific and focused in the warm-ups we assign. What's a reluctant teenaged reader miraculously beginning a book independently to do?
I've learned and used strategies for helping students to internalize during reading and post reading strategies, and even Gallagher lists several strategies for beginning reading. However, I want to learn to help them internalize a pre-reading strategy. Maybe it just happens in relationship with the teacher, as Gallagher describes in sharing the branches of his reading tree and how his past reading experiences have motivated him to seek out and read different books. But modeling, as effective as it is, is so immeasurable. I can't be certain that when an eleventh grader who has failed the Reading BST every year since 8th grade will have a concrete strategy for pre-reading a nonfiction text when he sits down to retake the test just because I've modeled my own reading process. Beers offers several great pre-reading strategies like tea party or probable passage, but again they are teacher prepared.
Maybe Gallagher will answer my question about internalizing prereading in later chapters, but if you have ideas please share.
By the way, this is Jen not Alex:).