Hazing and Homophobia is a major topic in today's sports society. I was shocked by that in the video "Training Rules", that Coach Portland was able to keep her job for so long being a blatant homophobe towards same sex relationships. It was absolutely amazing that Penn State didn't take any actions in allowing her to continue her homophobic believes and use such tactics in her recruiting. I had never realized it was such an issue in today's sports society. To have Coach Portland release a player from her team (Harris) because she believed that Harris was gay, it's absolutely ridicules and can't happen today.
In Allen & DeAngelis (2004), DeAngelis talks about his knee injury and him not wanting to lose his identity as a football player and wanted to be accepted by his teammates and coaches that he was willing to get injured even more by continuing to play. His team didn't believe he was injured and thought he was faking it until he had corrective surgery to fix two tears in his knee. He was voted "the most courageous player" by his teammates.
Hazing (also known as "initiation" in sports) is defined as a group that humiliates, degrades, abuses or endangers, regardless of the person's willingness to participate. With the lack of understanding of hazing, it will continue to happen if teams and coaches don't gain the knowledge of exactly what hazing is. New or younger athletes are so worried about being accepted as team members of their team, they are willing to give into peer pressures of team hazing. It's amazing to me what Allen & DeAngelis reported, that nearing 80% of athletes had reported that they were hazed in making the transition to a new team.
What is so great about team sports are the relationships that are built between teammates and even coaches involved, and there should be a mutual level of respect and trust between everyone. In Barber & Krane (2007), Homophobia has a trust barrier. Homonegativism and heterosexism can decrease team dynamics and decreases self-esteem, confidence, and social life. It can cause depression and injury to self by not being socially or team accepted. Having the power of a Coach, it's important to establish trust and respect among the team. Coaches need to identify this and work with their athletes to prevent this from happening and making people educated about athletic identity and gender theory.
Thinking of my own experiences and in common, it seems that there are some typical stereotypes among sports that are commonly brought up or thought of such as: typically lesbians play softball and hockey in women's sports, and gay guys typically play gymnastics and figure skating. Well you know what statistically there may be a bigger number of homosexual athletes in those sports, but who has the right to care or take actions against it? Why does it matter of one's sexual orientation?
I have an actual experience with a gay guy on my hockey team when we were 14. As a whole, the team didn't accept him as just another player on our team. There were individuals who didn't care, and there were other teammates that couldn't accept it and made him out to be a total misfit and made him believe he didn't belong on the team. After that season, not being accepted in the hockey community and society in general, he sadly committed suicide. It should never come to that; sports are supposed to create a positive environment for athletes of all levels.