President of Iran Mahmoud Ahmadinejad faces massive opposition in upcoming parliamentary elections.
A conservative religious reformist, Ahmadinejad became president of the Islamic Republic of Iran in 2005. According to a Guardian article, Iranian citizens protested Ahmadinejad's 2009 re-election due to suspicion that it was rigged: according to the Times, Ahmadinejad's opponent, Mir Hussein Moussavi, had been in the voting lead but a few days before the election results were finalized. According to the article, protesters even used "dictator" to describe Ahmadinejad.
Ahmadinejad's religious views have played a significant role in his life and career. An article by globalsecurity.org states that Ahmadinejad joined Islamic Revolution's Guards Corps (IRGC) in 1986, during the Iraq War. He also became a member of the Islamic Revolution Devotees' Society. According to globalsecurity.org, once appointed Mayor in 2003, Ahmadinejad made policies that focused on religious rules, such as separating men and women dress code regulation and closing of businesses during religious holidays. Ahmadinejad practices Shi'ism, a belief system that Ayatollah Khomeini banned in the '80s.
Ahmadinejad was recently summoned by the Iranian parliament to answer questions and criticisms about his economic, foreign and domestic policies. This summoning was not previously supported by Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, but in recent, according to CNN, the Ayatollah and the president have been "at odds." According to the Washington Times, Ahmadinejad refused Khameni's request for him to reinstate an intelligence minister he had fired in 2011. The Ayatollah has the final say in policies of the state, so for the president to defy him is unheard of. The Washington Times reports that Ahmadinejad is the first Iranian president to be summoned by the parliament for questioning.