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Camera-less Animation Project 2

Today i worked with another classmate to introduce the concept of cameraless animation.  We created a powerpoint with hyperlinks that would show youtube videos of some of the ideas that we were presenting.  I thought that the powerpoint presentation went well and i think we provided enough information to convey the evolution of cameraless animation into film.  As a project to go with the presentation we had the students work on Thaumatropes. The classmates seemed to enjoy making interesting images that showed visually cool looking Thaumatropes. 

The one thing that i would have done over or worked differently was 1) to have more model examples, some of the ideas that we presented were a bit on the difficult side to visualize, and 2) i would have come up with a better way of describing the project.  The classmates seemed a bit confused in the beginning until we gave out the project.  They were successful in figuring out the concept of the Thaumatrope.  

Overall, the idea of camera-less animation is a great starting point for describing the many uses of animation.  Camera-less animation was the first concept in animation processes, which first started out as experiments for science.  It eventually evolved into different kinds of animation, but the one that really shows an emphasis of this great change is film scratching (where the artist paints or scratches images on a film strip and moves it through a projector).  This later lead into animation used with the camera (stop-motion for example).  But as stated before this is a great beginning start for younger students who are beginning their exploration into the field of animation.


Camera-Less Animation

What Is It?

-Pre camera tactic to create the illusion of movement through a series of images




-Invented in 1826

-Thaumatrope= Turning marvel or wonder turner

-First optical/mechanical toy

How It Works?

-Small disc connected by a string on the sides

-Two images are drawn on either side in a way that when it spins it superimposes both images





-Invented in 1832 by Joseph Plateau

-Also named Spindle viewer

-Developed scientifically soon became amusement for children

How It Works?

-A wheel divided in to equal parts with animation in the center moving outward (like a spiral) with slits on the outside of the circle to view through.

Spin the wheel facing it towards a mirror and look at image through the slits in the mirror





-Invented in 1834 by William Horner

-Also called the wheel of life

-Based on Plaetau's phenakistoscope

How It Works?

-Works the same way as the phenakistiscope

-It was put on the inside of a drum and the viewer would look in the slits and look down on the series of images



Flip Book


-First form of animation in a linear sequence of images

-It was the birth of most cinema

How It Works?

-A book with images on each page

-When the pages are flipped they move in a sequence to create a story line



Transitioning to Film

-Soon these techniques were taken to film by drawing or scratching in a linear motion on a strip of paper or film

-This would then be taped in sequence

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