The Hispanic Population
Who is considered Hispanic?
The Hispanic population in the United States is the fastest growing minority group in the United States. As a country we tend to group all Spanish speakers under the title of Hispanic. In actuality, "Hispanics" each have their country of origin or ancestry that has its own unique history and traditions.
In the United States, the largest Hispanic group is Mexican Americans. According to the latest US Census in 2000, Mexican Americans make up over half of the Hispanic population in the United States. There exists a large amount of prejudice against Mexican immigrants to the US. Their experiences in the US are the basis for many powerful stories. The second largest Hispanic minority is the Puerto Rican ethnic group. Puerto Ricans in the US find themselves in a far different position than any other Hispanic group. Puerto Ricans enjoy a distinct relation to the US that allows them to travel freely between Puerto Rico and the US. Also, Puerto Ricans are considered US citizens even though Puerto Rico is not a state. The third largest Hispanic group is the Cuban Americans. Unlike the Mexican Americans or the Puerto Ricans, immigrants and second generation Cuban Americans have mainly settled in Florida. The immigrants from Cuba came to America for far different reasons than those from Mexico or Puerto Rico. Because of Fidel Castro's regime in Cuba, many Cubans fled to the US for freedom. These are three of the many groups of Hispanic people in the United States. Each group possesses its own unique flavor and all of the groups are united under the language of Spanish. (James A Banks "Teaching Strategies for Ethnic Studies").